Semantics. The Study of Meaning in Language. Semantics Is …. The study of meaning in language. It deals with the meaning of words (lexical semantics). And how meaning of sentences (compositional semantics) is derived from words. Principle of Compositionality.
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The Study of Meaning in Language
man: 2-legged mammal, (relatively) hairless, male sex,
dog: 4-legged mammal, hairy, canine, definitely loyal
Dog bites man. (happens all the time; not too interesting)
Man bites dog. (newsworthy)Lexical vs. Compositional Semantics
(lecture– from perspective of student vs. teacher)
(honesty, or the)
(bird: what bird? -- image may exclude atypical examples)
[- adult]Semantic decomposition