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What is Media Literacy?

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What is Media Literacy?. Using the readings answer the following questions. In your own words, and without using the words MEDIA, LITERACY, INFORMATION, JOURNALISM, IMAGES, COMMUNICATION, FILM, TV, RADIO, BROADCAST, INTERNET, you are to define media literacy

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using the readings answer the following questions
Using the readings answer the following questions
  • In your own words, and without using the words MEDIA, LITERACY, INFORMATION, JOURNALISM, IMAGES, COMMUNICATION, FILM, TV, RADIO, BROADCAST, INTERNET, you are to define media literacy
  • ½ OF CLASS: write 10 attributes a media literate person would portray. A media literate person should display _________________?
  • At what point to do you consider an individual informed?
  • As a group, rank on a scale of 1 – 10 how media savvy do you think the youth of today are, in terms of using media and of being active, engaged, and aware participants
media literacy
Media Literacy

The ability to access, evaluate, analyze, and produce all types of communication (Aufderheide, 1993)


“The media are undoubtedly the major contemporary means of cultural expression and communication: to become an active participant in public life necessarily involves making use of the modern media. The media, it is often argued, have now taken the place of the family, the church and the school as the major socializing influence in contemporary society” (Buckingham, p. 5).

group brainstorming part 2
Group Brainstorming Part #2
  • At what point to do you consider an individual informed?
  • Taking Gillmor’s Principles of Media Consumption/Creation, rank them in order of importance and comment on which you think are the most realistic, and which are the least possible in “real” life.
gillmor principles of consumption
Gillmor – Principles of Consumption
  • Be skeptical of absolutely everything.
  • Although skepticism is essential, don’t be equally skeptical of everything.
  • Go Outside your personal comfort zone
  • Ask More Questions
  • Understand and Learn Media Techniques
gillmor principles of creation
Gillmor – Principles of Creation
  • Do your homework, and then do some more.
  • Get it right every time
  • Be Fair to Everyone
  • Think independently, especially of your own biases
  • Practice and Demand Transparency
citizenship timeline
Citizenship Timeline
  • Early Citizenship
  • Good Citizenship
  • Informed Citizenship
  • Monitorial Citizenship
monitorial citizen
Monitorial Citizen

a gatherer, monitor, and surveyor of information, who “swings into public action only when directly threatened” (Lemann 1998).

citizens in an information age
Citizens in an Information Age
  • Are we participatory?
  • Will there be collective intelligence?
  • Is mass media power becoming larger or smaller?
  • Where will converged culture lead us?

Jan. 21, 2009


print version


Feb. 22, 2008


politics page


home page


Jan. 21, 2009

Newseum Website

print version


Good Media Education focuses on Connections…

  • Good Consumers – by teaching how to understand, analyze, evaluate, and produce media messages, and;
  • Good Citizens – by highlighting the role of media in civil society, the importance of being a responsible, aware, and active participant in local, national, and global communities.

… which are vital to the future of our civic democracy

conclusion journalism news you and the future of civic society
CONCLUSION journalism, news, YOU, and the future of civic society
  • CONNECTING Skills to Citizenship
  • CONNECTING Analysis to Production
  • CONNECTING Culture to Creation
  • CONNECTING Responsibility to Empowerment
  • CONNECTING communities, media, and citizenship

“As a citizen, I should learn from that not to accept any analysis that tells us the game is over, that the world can’t get any better, because, say, the corporations have the politicians in their pockets, or because the corporations run the media….”

informed citizenship in the 21st century
Informed Citizenship in the 21st Century
  • Seeking diverse, credible, and independent information.
  • Learning how play with power, to cover issues, and to participate in democracy
  • Understanding the absolute necessity of a free press for civil society
  • Appreciating the complexities of information systems in a globalized world (especially a capitalist one)
  • Using our Collective Intelligence
  • Finding diverse, independent & credible voice….

“One of us is in the wrong movie.”

“This is our first hit, did we remember everything”

“Face it, Eddie, you don’t know where the East River is – pull over and get directions”

“Yo, Ralphie, is that your ring tone?”

ways of looking at media
Ways of Looking at Media
  • Media Producers
    • Who owns media
    • What is their agenda?
  • Messages
  • Audience
    • How do people consume media?
    • Two views
      • Audience are dupes
      • Audience are supplicated media consumers
what we know
What we know
  • No direct, powerful effects
    • People are complicated
      • Audiences view the same media message in very different ways depending on things like:
        • Education
        • Racial/ethnic background
        • Gender
        • Economic status
        • Religious belief
what we know1
What we know
  • If there are effects, they are subtle and cumulative (stalagmite)
    • Violence for instance
      • Most studied effect – no evidence for a powerful, direct effect
      • Over time, in certain individuals, watching violent shows and movies may make them somewhat more aggressive
what we know2
What we know
  • Our beliefs are influenced most about things we have the least first-hand knowledge of.
    • Stereotyping
    • Messages about different countries and cultures
what we know3
What we know
  • Media has little effect on our political beliefs
    • Media Messages primarily confirm what we already believe
  • Media can bring an issue to the forefront

-Agenda setting

paradoxes of the information age
  • More fragmentation | More consolidation
  • Multiplicity of voices | Reduction of substantive reporting
  • Information richness | Information fatigue
  • Citizens who know more facts | Citizens who have less truth
5 a s of media literacy
5 A’s of Media Literacy






how the 5 a s work
How the 5 A’s work

5 notions of global citizenship: access to media, awareness of media’s power, assessment of how media cover international events and issues, appreciation for media’s role in creating civil societies, and action to encourage better communication across cultural, social and political divides.

building a media literate future
Building a Media Literate Future



Analysis Criteria