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Forestry & Society Wildlife Habitat. HORT RGSC 302 J.G. Mexal Spring 2008. What are the benefits??. Ivory-Billed Woodpecker Rediscovered in Big Woods of AR (Apr/05). Colorized version of version. Singer Tract, LA, 1935. Photo credit: David Allen. Wildlife in the Forest/ Ciencia Forestal.

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forestry society wildlife habitat

Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat

HORT RGSC 302

J.G. Mexal

Spring 2008

ivory billed woodpecker rediscovered in big woods of ar apr 05
Ivory-Billed Woodpecker Rediscovered in Big Woods of AR (Apr/05)

Colorized version of version

Singer Tract, LA, 1935. Photo credit: David Allen

wildlife in the forest ciencia forestal
Wildlife in the Forest/Ciencia Forestal

Neotropical Parrots

Monarch Butterfly

slide5

ORANGUTAN (Pongopygmaeus)

BORNEO

(P. p. pygmaeus)

SUMATRA

(P. p. abelii)

http://www.cia.gov/nic/PDF_GIF_confreports/asiaUSoutlook/southeast_asia_map.gif

florida sand pine forests
Florida Sand Pine Forests

“a mature sand pine forest, you are not going to find successful gopher tortoise burrows….”

“The endangered bird lives in young sand pines that grow low to the ground, trees that generally are less than 15 years old.”

forestry society wildlife habitat2
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat
  • Concerns:
    • Big animals
      • deer, elk, turkey, bear, cougar
      • thermal cover, hiding cover, food, corridors (forest fragmentation
    • Little animals
      • fish, prey (mice, etc), insects
    • Threatened & Endangered Species
      • western goshawk, red cockaded woodpecker, spotted owl (Mexican & northern), wolf
meadow conversion grazing
Meadow Conversion & Grazing
  • Conifer invasion into meadow coincided with cessation of sheep grazing in Three Sisters Wilderness
  • Stand replacement fires can require centuries to convert back to forests
  • Invasion essentially complete after 30 yrs or so in both cases

Avg age ≈90yrs

≈50yrs

≈20yrs

forestry society wildlife habitat harvesting decreases standing deadwood science findings 42 3 02
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/Harvesting decreases standing deadwood (Science Findings 42:3/02)

Snags (>20”)/ac

Forest Type

red cockaded woodpecker prey wild soc bull 31 131 02
Red-cockaded Woodpecker Prey Wild. Soc. Bull. 31:131:’02

Number/tree

Biomass (mg/tree)

eastern wild turkey
Eastern Wild Turkey
  • Habitat: A mixture of mature hardwood forests and open fields. Understory vegetation.Food: Acorns and other mast (hard fruit), fleshy fruits, corn, a variety of seeds, and invertebrates. Young turkeys (particularly) feed heavily on insects.
  • Interesting facts: Turkeys frequently can be seen foraging in the fields that border forestland.
  • Connecticut Dept. of Environmental Protection

Nature Photography by Gary D.TonhouseWildlife Gallery 1997-2003

northern bobwhite quail
Northern Bobwhite Quail
  • Habitat

-weedy/brushy

-found in roadsides & successional areas

-non-migrant (300 ac)

-woodlands/crop fields

-endangered

  • Food: corn, seeds, insects

Source: All Things Quail

forestry society wildlife habitat clearcuts have food1
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/clearcuts have food!

Soft mast cover (%)

Ouachita NF, AR/OK

Harvest method

Wildlife Soc. Bull. 27:915:99

forestry society wildlife habitat clearcuts have food2
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/clearcuts have food!

Soft mast production (kg/ha)

Ouachita NF, AR/OK

C

B

A

Harvest method

Wildlife Soc. Bull. 27:915:99

forestry society wildlife habitat clearcuts have food3
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/clearcuts have food!

Soft mast production (kg/ha)

Ouachita NF, AR/OK

Clearcut

Group

Shelterwood

Single-tree

Unharvested

Pine BA (m2/ha)

Wildlife Soc. Bull. 27:915:99

forestry society wildlife habitat soft mast species
muscadine grapes

blueberries

blackberries

wild roses

sumac

American beautyberry

hackberry

dogwood

plums

cherries

mulberry

pokeberry

holly

sassafras

green briers

poison ivy

Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/soft mast species

Wildlife Soc. Bull. 27:915:99

flying squirrel population food for spotted owl science findings 80 feb 06
Flying Squirrel Population (food for spotted owl)Science Findings 80/ Feb’06

Squirrel/ha

Squirrel Survival (%)

Biomass (kg/ha)

forestry society wildlife habitat small mammals vs patch size seafwa proc 1997
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/Small mammals vs patch size/ SEAFWA Proc. 1997

Individuals captures/100 nights

forestry society wildlife habitat small mammals vs patch size seafwa proc 19972
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/Small mammals vs patch size/ SEAFWA Proc. 1997
  • 542 captures (307 individuals)
    • Peromyscus polionotus (44%) [field mice]
    • Sigmodon hispidus (36%) [cotton rats]
    • Peromyscus gossypinus (16%)
    • Reithrodontomys humilus (2%)
    • Neotoma floridana (1% [wood rats]
    • Mus musculus (0.3%)
white tailed deer
White-tailed Deer
  • The white-tailed deer is an herbivore or plant eater. It follows well-used trails to its feeding areas.
  • It eats green plants in the spring and summer. In the fall, it eats corn, acorns and other nuts. In the winter, it eats the buds and twigs of woody plants.If deer have enough food, water, shelter, population can grow quickly.
  • Live in wooded areas

New Hampshire Public Television

Frizzell 2003 – Valley Forge

forestry society wildlife habitat clearcuts have food4
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/clearcuts have food!

Ungulate Fecal Groups (no/ha)

Years after Logging

forestry society wildlife habitat elk like clearcuts science findings 22 feb2000 pnw res stn
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/Elk like clearcuts! Science Findings 22/feb2000 PNW Res. Stn.

Elk Body Weight Change (%)- OR

forestry society wildlife habitat review questions
Forestry & SocietyWildlife Habitat/review questions
  • Why are forest gaps good for wildlife?
  • Why are forest gaps bad for wildlife?
  • What kinds of trees do wildlife need?
  • How do you keep the ‘critters’ and the ‘loggers’ happy?

Pileated woodpecker