chapter 11 the triumphs and travails of the jeffersonian republic
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Chapter 11: The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic. 1800-1812. The election of 1800. John Adams. Thomas Jefferson. Aaron Burr. 1800 Election Results. “Revolution of 1800”.

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the election of 1800
The election of 1800

John Adams

Thomas Jefferson

Aaron Burr

revolution of 1800
“Revolution of 1800”
  • Election of 1800 pitted Thomas Jefferson and his Democratic-Republican Party vs. John Adams and his Federalist Party
  • Jefferson and Burr tied.
  • Jefferson prevailed in the House
  • Led to 12th Amendment
simplifying the government
SIMPLIFYING THE GOVERNMENT
  • Jeffersonian Republicanism—simple government is best.
  • Jefferson reduced Naturalization Law requirements from 14 to 5 years.
  • Eliminated the excise tax
  • Reduced the military

Jefferson Memorial

john marshall and the power of the supreme court
JOHN MARSHALL AND THE POWER OF THE SUPREME COURT

Before leaving office, John Adams (2nd President), attempts to “pack” the Federal courts with Federalists Judges

Jefferson argued this was unconstitutional

Supreme Court Chief Justice Marshall rules in Marbury v. Madison (1803) that part of the Judicial Act was unconstitutional

Established principle of Judicial Review – the ability of the Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional

the louisiana purchase
THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE
  • 1803
  • Napoleon needed money to fight European wars, so he offered to sell Louisiana for $15,000,000
  • More than doubled the size of our country
  • Lewis and Clark ordered to go explore new territory
the barbary states
The Barbary States
  • Pirates from North African countries capture ships in the Mediterranean.
  • Demand payments to leave ships alone.
  • Navy is sent to protect ships
    • “…to the shores of Tripoli”
  • Undeclared war from 1801-1805.
a precarious neutrality
A precarious neutrality
  • Napoleon renews his war with Britain
    • Britain ruled the seas and Napoleon the land
  • 1806—London issues Orders in Council forcing ports closed in France and halting American shipping.
  • Napoleon responds by seizing merchant ships including American
  • Chesapeake Incident
the hated embargo
The Hated Embargo
  • If America voluntarily cut off its exports, the offending powers would be forced to respect its rights.
  • 1807—Congress passed the Embargo Act.
    • Forbade the export of all goods from America
    • Detrimental to the US (north and south alike)
  • Repealed on March 1, 1809
  • Replaced by the Non-intercourse Act
why did the embargo fail
Why did the embargo fail?
  • The US overestimated dependence of Br. and Fr. on American trade.
  • Britain—received goods from Latin Am.
  • France—ruled most of Europe
  • Jefferson miscalculated the unpopularity

Positives—helped manufacturing in the US

madison elected president
MADISON ELECTED PRESIDENT
  • After two terms, Jefferson is succeeded by James Madison
  • Madison was two-term President 1808-1816
  • Known as the “Father of the Constitution, Madison also is known for his leadership during the War of 1812

4th President 1808-1816

macon s bill no 2
Macon’s Bill No. 2
  • If either Br. or Fr. repealed its commercial restrictions, US would restore its embargo against the non-repealing nation.
  • Napoleon responded but with a bargain.
    • Br. had 3 months to revoke the Orders of Council
    • Br. refused and America renewed the embargo against Br.
mr madison s war
Mr. Madison’s War
  • Causes:
    • British “impressment”
    • Arming of Natives
    • “warhawks”
    • Restore faith in republicanism
  • War declared on June 1, 1812

British Impressment of U.S. seamen upset Americans

a divided nation
A divided nation

For:

  • South/West
  • Rep. in PA/VA

Against:

  • Fed. in New England
  • Fed in north/south sympathized with Britain
  • Opposed acquisition of Canada.
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