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  1. Want to work in Portugal? IO Lavoro European Job Fair – Torino, 9th – 10th October

  2. Living & Working in Portugal • Language • Accommodation • Healthcare • Education • Cost of Living • Looking for a Job • Starting up a Business The Country Labour Market Working Conditions Social Security Taxation Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications

  3. The Country

  4. The Country Area: 92,412 km2 Territorial organisation: 18 districts in the Mainland, 2 Autonomous regions (Azores and Madeira archipelagos) Capital: Lisboa (Lisbon) Population: 10.634.400 (2nd Q 2009) Active Population: 5.583.900 (2nd Q 2009) Unemployment Rate: 9.1 (2nd Q 2009) Currency: Euro GDP: 162.489,5 million Eur (2008) Per capita GDP: 74% EU27 avg (2008) Minimum Wage: 450,00 Eur/month(2009) Inflation Rate: 2.7% (2008); -1.5% (Jul. 2009)

  5. The Labour Market

  6. Labour Market Portuguese Economy • Based in traditional industries - textiles, clothing, footwear, cork and wood products, beverages (wine), ceramics, glass and glassware, fish canning, metal working, oil refining and chemicals; • A world-class mould-making industry • Changing its role in Europe’s automotive sector, IT and renewable energies 05/06/2014 EURES PORTUGAL 6

  7. Labour Market Portuguese Economy • Agriculture is a small part of the economy • B2B Market: growth oriented sectors are construction & public works, environment, medical equipment, information technology, communications and transportation • B2C Market: the major visible trend in the last few years has been the increase of hypermarkets, large retailers & shopping malls 05/06/2014 EURES PORTUGAL 7

  8. Labour Market Portuguese Economy • Tourism is the driving force of the economy and the labour market • Trying to develop a cultural and rustic rather than “only sun & beach” tourism in order to attract tourists • New touristic offers: organisation of events, adventure and nature, cultural, rural, residential and SPA tourism 05/06/2014 EURES PORTUGAL 8

  9. Labour Market Surpluses • Teachers • Clerks • Sales and Services Elementary Occupations • Non-Qualified Workers in Mining, Construction, Manufacturing and Transports • Personal and Protective Services Workers 05/06/2014 EURES PORTUGAL 9

  10. Labour Market Graduate Surpluses • Teachers (kindergartens, basic & secondary schools) • Graduates in Economics, Management & other Business Sciences (including Accountancy, Marketing and Advertising) • Graduates in Languages & other Communication Sciences • Social Workers and Psychologists • Other graduates in Social & Human Sciences: Sociologists, Lawyers, Historians, etc. • Engineers (Civil, Chemical, Electro, Agronomy, Environmental, IT, Mechanical,…) • Nurses 05/06/2014 EURES PORTUGAL 10

  11. Labour Market Shortages • Health Sector • Medical Doctors, mostly in some expert specialties • ICT’s (Information & Communication Technologies) • IT Engineers, with very specific profiles and skills • Construction & Public Works • Qualified workers • Services • Specialized Contact Centres, Shared Service Centres 05/06/2014 EURES PORTUGAL 11

  12. Labour Market Seasonal Shortages • Hotels & Restaurants • Bartenders • Waiters/Waitresses • Recepcionists • Agriculture • Fruit picking: grapes, pears, strawberries 05/06/2014 EURES PORTUGAL 12

  13. The Working Conditions

  14. Working Conditions Average Monthly Earnings(Oct. 2008) Eur 1.071,6 Professional Level • Managers/Directors 3.283,2 • Employees 1.129,4 • Labourers 791,0 • Apprentices 578,9 Gender • Male 1.190,4 • Female 906,2 Activity Areas • Manufacturing 936,7 • Construction 917,6 • Sales & Repair Services 988,3 • Hotels & Restaurants 695,8 • Transports & Communications 1.577,7 • Financial Activities 2.185,9 • Health Care & Social Work 898,5 • Community & Family Services 1.319,6 • Education 1.205,3 Source: GEP-MTSS

  15. Working Conditions Relevant Info • Holiday & Christmas subsidies total 14 earning months per year • Lisbon has the highest wage level in Portugal, due to concentration of higher paying activities • Normal working period cannot exceed 40 hours weekly (avg. is 39 hours, 5 working days) • Holiday duration: in general, 22+3 useful days as a base (or 2 days per complete month of work in short-term contracts) • Fixed term contract maximum duration: 3 years (incl. 2 renewals max. during the period); mandatory to be in writing • Day limit for supplementary work: 2 hours Further info: www.act.gov.pt

  16. Working Conditions Temporary Work • Significantly increasing in Portugal (around 250 TWA’s) • Only TWA’s licensed by the Public Employment Service (IEFP, I.P.) are authorised to perform the activity (assigning workers to other companies) • For information on licensed TWA’s, please visit: www.iefp.pt > Soluções para Entidades > Empresas Trabalho Temporário regulamentadas

  17. The Social Security

  18. Social Security Deductions • Social Security contributions of 11% deducted from gross monthly earnings • Employers contribute a further 23,75% • The employer is responsible for making the contribution for each worker, corresponding to the overall rate of 34,75% of his/her gross monthly earnings, at the District Social Security Centre (or online) • For the self-employed, contribution rate is calculated on the basis of declared wage: • 25,4% (compulsory protection scheme) • 32% (wider protection scheme) Further info: www.seg-social.pt

  19. Social Security Unemployment Benefits Unemployment benefit (UB) • due to workers with minimum 450 days of paid work and a record of contributions in the 24 months preceding the date of unemployment • duration depends on the benefit recipient’s age and on the number of years with registered earnings (after last record as unemployed benefit recipient): minimum 12 months and maximum 38 months • 65% of the reference wage (max. limit 3 x IAS*per month) *IAS (Indexante dos Apoios Sociais): Social Supports Index; equal to €419,22 in 2009 (amount revised every year)

  20. Social Security Unemployment Benefits Social unemployment benefit (SUB) • paid to workers with min. 180 days worked and a record of contributions in the 12 months preceding the date of unemployment, and whose family per capita income is lower than 80% the IAS • duration identical to UB, except when following the UB payment (in which case it is reduced to half) • Equal to IAS for benefit recipients with a family; to 80% of the IAS for single benefit recipients Partial unemployment benefit (PUB) • paid when workers receiving an unemployment benefit sign a part-time work contract, with a wage lower than the amount of the UB • differential between the wage and the UB due to the worker

  21. Social Security Unemployment Benefits Rules for unemployment benefit export • If receiving an UB in Italy and wanting to look for a job in • Portugal, you may request that it is exported to Portugal for up • until 3 months, since you comply to the following rules: • to remain available for work for a minimum period of 4 weeks in the Job Centre • to inform the Social Security in Italy of your intention to look for a job in Portugal • to bring the E303 form obtained from the Social Security in Italy • to register as a jobseeker in the PES in Portugal (IEFP Job Centres) at max. 7 days after departure from Italy 05/06/2014 EURES PORTUGAL 21

  22. The Tax System

  23. Taxes Personal Income Tax (IRS) Rates (%)

  24. Taxes Principles to avoid double taxation • IRS is paid on the annual amount of income received by people living in Portugal • In case of non-residents, it is paid exclusively on income received in Portugal • Employers will retain 25% of the income due to non-resident employees • To avoid double taxation, Portugal has tax agreements with the other EEA member states (and Switzerland) Further info: www.dgci.min-financas.pt

  25. The Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications

  26. Recognition of Diplomas and Qualifications In Portugal, accessto certain occupational activities is conditioned by the possession of diplomas, certificates or other degrees. The recognition schemes are not, in most occupational activities, automatic. Requests for recognition should be addressed at the competent authority in Portugal. Further info: NARIC - National Academic Recognition Information Centres www.naricportugal.pt PNRQ - National Reference Point for Vocational Qualifications http://portal.iefp.pt/pnrq/index.html

  27. The Language

  28. Language Although many Portuguese people speak English, French or Spanish, most employers will require at least a basic knowledge of Portuguese: Portuguese e-learning tools: • Camões Virtual Centre: http://cvc.instituto-camoes.pt/ • Easy Portuguese: www.easyportuguese.com Portuguese language teacher (Camões Institute) in several European Universities in Italy In Portugal: • “Portugal Acolhe” (“Portugal Welcomes”) Programme (VT Centres) • Search by “Português para Estrangeiros” in Yellow Pages (www.pai.pt)

  29. The Accommodation

  30. Accommodation Looking for a place to stay • Housing in the largest cities (Lisboa, Porto) and in touristic areas (Algarve) may be difficult to find and very expensive • The renting price for houses and flats does not include water supply, electricity, telephone and gas expenses; usually it does not include furniture either • Still not very common to find houses with central heating or air conditioning • Leasing contracts normally last for a minimum 6 months • It is common to be asked for a 1 to 2 months rent payment in advance • In the University cities, there are also people who rent rooms to students (already furnished)

  31. Accommodation Looking for a place to stay • Accommodation offered with a job is rare in Portugal • Average rental of a 1 bedroom appt. Eur 500, 2 bedroom appt. Eur 700 (more expensive in Lisbon) • Arrange for temporary accommodation before you leave: • Portugal Official Tourism website www.visitportugal.com > Where to stay • Portuguese Youth Hostels network www.pousadasjuventude.gov.pt • Most newspapers (“Classificados” sections) and real estate agencies are already on the Internet…

  32. Accommodation Looking for a place to staymost useful websites • Portal da Habitação www.portaldahabitacao.pt • ComprarCasa (APEMIP Associates Portal) www.comprarcasa.pt • ERA Portugal www.era.pt • REMAX Portugal www.remax.pt • Lardocelar – Imobiliários e Serviços www.lardocelar.com • Imoproposta www.imoproposta.pt • BPI Expresso Imobiliário http://clix.bpiexpressoimobiliario.pt • Casa Sapo – Portal Nacional de Imobiliário www.casa.sapo.pt Further links: please check at the EURES Portal > L&W section

  33. The Health Care System

  34. Health Care National Emergency Services:112 • Medical services from the NHS (National Health System) are free to EEA citizens working or looking for work in Portugal • When travelling to Portugal, don’t forget your European Health Insurance Card • Once you start working, and after being registered in Portuguese Social Security, register with the nearest Health Centre • Health Centres: general practice/family medicine, public health care, nursing, vaccination and some diagnostic exams • Public Hospitals: external specialist consultations, hospitalization and emergency services Further info:www.portaldasaude.ptorwww.dgs.pt

  35. The Educational System

  36. Pre-School Education Basic Education Secondary Education Post- Secondary Education Higher Education University Education 3rd cycle kindergarten 1st cycle 2nd cycle Courses: Scientific-Humanistic Technological Specialised Artistic Professional Technological Specialisation Courses Graduate Master Doctor Polytechnics Education Graduate Master Ages 3 6 4 5 10 9 11 12 14 17 18 19 15 18 21 20 22 … 1st 2nd 10th 11th 12th 1st 2nd 1st 2nd3rd 1st, 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th … Schooling Years Compulsory Education Education Educational System

  37. Education Educational System • No school may refuse to enrol a child, independently of his or her nationality, provided it is located in the area in which his or her parents reside and places are still available • Pupils from kindergarten to the 9th grade registered in the public education system whose mother tongue is not Portuguese may benefit from support measures: they will attend Portuguese lessons along with others but may receive extra tuition in the language if necessary • There are also some International Schools in Greater Lisbon as well as in the Algarve Further info on the education and training systems: http://portal.iefp.pt/pnrq/index.html

  38. The Cost of Living

  39. Cost of Living Food and Beverages • Milk (1 lt) € 0,67 – 1,00 • Bread (1 kg) € 1,50 – 2,30 • Pork Meat (1 kg) € 4,50 • Eggs (12 units) € 1,58 – 1,88 • Codfish (1 kg) € 9,98 – 12,98 • Oranges (1 kg) € 1,20 – 1,40 • Beer (1 lt) € 0,75 – 1,29 • Coke (1 lt) € 0,89 – 0,95

  40. Cost of Living Accommodation (apt. Rents, €)

  41. Cost of Living Transports • 1 single bus ticket (Lisbon) € 1,40 (bought on board) • 1 single underground ticket (Lisbon) € 0,80 • Monthly Travel Card (Lisbon Area) € 22,60 – 75,25 • Gas 95 octanes (1 lt) € 1,022 - 1,074 • Train 2nd class from Lisbon to Oporto € 20,00 – 27,50 • Coach from Lisbon to Oporto € 17,50

  42. Cost of Living Leisure • 1 cup of coffee (‘bica’) € 0,55 - 0,80 • 1 cinema ticket € 5,50 – 6,00 • 1 theatre ticket € 10,00 – 30,00 • 1 McMenu (McDonalds) € 4,25 • 1 DVD € 19,00 – 25,00 • 1 meal in a café / snack bar € 7,00 – 10,00 • 1 meal in a restaurant (2nd class) € 14,00 – 22,00 • Packet of 20 cigarettes € 3,10 – 3,95 • 1 daily newspaper € 0,80 – 1,00

  43. Looking for a Job

  44. Looking for a Job Job Search Strategies • Invest in the Portuguese language learning • Contact the EURES Advisers network in your country • Visit www.eures.europa.eu for info on job vacancies and living and working conditions in Portugal • Place your CV on the EURES portal – or, if you have enough knowledge of Portuguese, on www.netemprego.pt • Search for job opportunities in several on-line job banks (see Useful Contacts page)

  45. Looking for a Job Applying for a Job • Portuguese Resumé (e.g. in Europass CV model – include photo)and Motivation Letter • Other Europass tools (Language, IT Skills, Diploma/Certificate Supplements) may be an added value • Collect all documents in evidence of your relevantprofessional experience and education/training diplomas and certificates – take them with you for an Interview (in Portuguese, if required – or, at least, in English) • Always take previous employers’ references with you

  46. Looking for a Job When in Portugal… Register yourself: • in a Job Centre (“Centro de Emprego”) • on www.netemprego.pt (Contact Centre in Portugal: 808 200 670) You can also: • check for ads in newspapers • check online job banks • apply for a job at TWA’s, if you’re willing to accept a temporary job (just make sure it is authorised to exercise the activity)

  47. Looking for a Job EURES Advisers in Portugal… 3in the national Coordination 8 at the regional level (2 in the Autonomous Regions - Azores and Madeira) 12in Local Units (in Job Centres) 23 EURES Advisers

  48. Looking for a Job Checklist (before leaving) • I have a valid Identity Card or Passport • I have a copy of the labour contract or written document confirming the provided work terms and conditions, and I completely understand them • I have documents proving my professional experience, training/education degrees and professional certificates • I know the wage payment method and frequency • I can guarantee accommodation in the area where I’m going to work • I have the European Health Insurance Card • I have enough money to remain in Portugal until I get my 1st wage payment or to return to Italy in case of need

  49. Looking for a Job Other Advices • Previously check situation in the labour market in Portugal, through the Internet (e.g. EURES Portal or online newspapers) and/or getting in touch with Portuguese EURES Advisers • Make sure that you have the adequate Portuguese language level to the job and, in case of need, improve it in due time • Take previous employers’ references with you • Take out travel insurance • Contact Social Security in Italy for more information on the Portuguese social protection system • Contact NRP, NARIC or a EURES Adviser for further info on the recognition of your qualifications and skills in Portugal

  50. Starting up your own Business