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A Presentation on “Articles”

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  1. Jayesh N. Padhariya M.A., B.Ed (English) Assistant English Teacher at S.V.V.. APresentation on“Articles”

  2. Message of Swami Vivekananda “Arise, Awake & Stop not till the Goal is reached.”

  3. Read the following Examples… • A table • A one-rupee • An onion • An honest man • The lion • The Himalaya

  4. About Articles… There are 26 alphabets in English Language: • 21 Consonants ( Vy>jn) • 05 Vowels (Svr) : a, e, i, o & u

  5. Types of Articles • Indefinite Articles ( AcoKks Aa3IRkLs) ‘a’ & ‘an’ • Definite Article ‘ The ’ ( coKKs Aa3IRkl ‘The’ )

  6. (A) Indefinite Articles : ‘A’ & ‘An’ AcoKks Aa3IRkLs ‘a’ & ‘an’ Kyare vpray ? • ko{p` Aek Aeva A4Rma>. • Ko{p` jaitvack ke s>Qyavack Aekvcn namnI Aag5.

  7. AcoKks Aa3IRkl ‘a’ Kyare vpray ?Rule - 1 • Ko{p` jaitvack ke s>Qyavack Aekvcn namno p/4m A9r Vy>jn hoy Tyare... for example, a book a bag a pen a chair a cow a table a boy a bench a youngman a child

  8. Rule - 2 • Ko{p` jaitvack ke s>Qyavack Aekvcn namno p/4m A9r Svr hoy pr>tu teno ]Ccar Vy>jn 4to hoy Tyare... for example, a European a one-day match a University a Union a one-rupee note

  9. AcoKks Aa3IRkl ‘an’ Kyare vpray ?Rule - 1 • Ko{p` jaitvack ke s>Qyavack Aekvcn namno p/4m A9r Svr hoy Tyare... for example, an apple an aeroplane an elephant an onion an ink-pot an orange an umbrella an English man an egg an American

  10. Rule - 2 • Ko{p` jaitvack ke s>Qyavack Aekvcn namno p/4m A9r Vy>jn hoy pr>tu teno ]Ccar Svr 4to hoy Tyare... for example, an hour an honest man an M.A. an N.C.C. cadet an S.S.C. student an H.S.C. student an S.T. bus-stand an honourable man an L.L.B. an M.B.B.S.

  11. Exercises….. Fill in the following blanks using the article ‘a’ or ‘an’. • This is _____ elephant. • Raj has _____ new scooter. • The Saurashtra University is _____ good university. • Minal is _____ intelligent student. • That is _____ horse.

  12. Exercises….. 6. Umang has _____umbrella. 7. Rameshbhai is _____engineer. 8. The king was _____ honourable man. 9. We will travel to Wadhwan city by _____ S.T. bus. 10. Dixit is _____ S.S.C. student.

  13. (B) Definite Articles: ‘The’ coKks Aa3IRkl ‘The’ Kyare vpray ? ko{p` Aekvcn ke bhuvcn namnI Aag5.

  14. Rule - 1 • ko{p` pda4R, p/a`I ke vStu ivxe p/4m var ]Lleq krvama> Aave Tyare article ‘a’ or ‘an’ vpray, pr>tu jo Ae j pda4R , p/a`I ke vStu ivxe bI+ var ]Lleq krvama> Aave Tyare article ‘the’ vpray. For example, This is a boy. That is a girl. This is a boy. The boy is tall. That is an apple. The apple is sweet.

  15. Rule – 2 • jaitvack nam Amuk coKks jait ke p/a`I nih p` teno Aaqo vgR sUcve Tyare... For example, The cow is a useful animal. The Japanese are good at art of arranging flowers.

  16. Rule-3 • waEgoilk S4ano, ndIAo, smu¸o, sagro, mhasagrona namonI Aag5... For example, the north pole the equator the Ganga the Indian Ocean the bay of Bangal

  17. Rule - 4 • iv&vnI Aekma#a cIj ke p/k<itna pda4oR jeva> ke suyR,c>¸ vgere Aag5... For example, the sun the moon the wind the earth the saturn

  18. Rule - 5 • vtRmanp#a ona nam, g/>4ona nam, jhajona nam, idxaAona nam, xrIrna A>gonI Aag5... For example, The Ramayana The Mahabharata The Sandesh The South The Heart

  19. Rule - 6 • Aek j piriS4it, Aek j S45 ke Aek j vStuna namnI Aag5... For Example, the principal the school the teacher

  20. Rule - 7 • k/mvack s>QyaAonI Aag5... For Example, the first the second the next the last the sixteenth

  21. Rule - 8 • 3U>ka9rI namnI Aag5... pr>tu Jyare ko{ Aekmno wag sUcvay Tyare a/an vpray... For example, The U.S.A. The U.S.S.R. The U.K. an S.T. bus

  22. Article ‘The’ vpratu n4I... • Aini&ct namnI Aag5. • wavvack namnI Aag5. • g`I n xkay teva ¸Vyvack namonI Aag5. • dexona namnI Aag5. • s>)avack namnI Aag5.

  23. For Example… • India • Canada • China • Nepal • Japan • Africa • boys • flowers • papers • pens • kindness • anger • death • love • tea • salt • oil • water • sugar • milk • coffee

  24. Exercises… • Fill in the blanks using the article ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’. • He returned after ___ hour and ___ half. • What ___ delightful experience. • ___ Chinese have built ___ huge wall around their country. • ___ Samrat Ashok is ___ Indian Ship. • ___ Granth Saheb is the holy book of ___ Shikhs. • What ___ idea. • There are many holy places for ___ Hindus in ___ Himalayas.

  25. Exercises… 8. ___ one-eyed man gave ___ one-rupee note to ___ beggar. 9. Is she ___ S.S.C. student. 10. ___ Seal is very useful to ___ Eskimos. 11. ___ camel is ___ useful anilmal. 12. I have a book. ___ book is new. 13. ___ earth moves round ___ sun. 14. Who is ___ President of India. 15. This is ___ elephant. ___ elephant is ___ big animal.

  26. Prepared by… Jayesh N. Padhariya M.A., B.Ed (English)

  27. Thanks Aavjo...