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Socio-Economic impacts of Prosopis related charcoal trade in Gewane Woreda , Afar Region Mohammed Detona, Addis Ababa University May, 2014. Outline . Context of Prosopis charcoal trade Organization of trade and actors involved Cost and benefits of charcoal trade

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Socio-Economic impacts of Prosopis related charcoal trade in GewaneWoreda, Afar RegionMohammed Detona, Addis Ababa UniversityMay, 2014

  • Context of Prosopis charcoal trade
  • Organization of trade and actors involved
  • Cost and benefits of charcoal trade
  • Aspects of governmental regulation
  • Conclusion and recommendations
context of prosopis charcoal trade
Context of Prosopis charcoal trade
  • Charcoal business started in 1997ec
  • Established by FRAM Africa


  • Clearing of Prosopis invaded land
  • Production of charcoal
  • Cleared land shall be used for crop production
  • In 2000ec charcoal business became illegal
charcaol owner
Charcaol owner
  • Mostly young Afar men and highlander
  • Own the produced charcoal
  • Employ workers and control production process
  • Cover costs for workers until charcoal is produced
  • Sell charcoal in different ways
transportation of charcoal
Transportation of charcoal

Charcoal transported by ISUZU truck for long distance

Charcoal transported by donkey cart for short distance

charcoal makers
Charcoal Makers
  • Migrants from SNNP, Oromiya and Amhara
  • Produce charcoal in the forest
  • Employed by charcoal owners
  • Paid by sack of charcoal produced
charcoal makers at production site
Charcoal makers at production site

During production process

Charcoal sacks ready to be picked up by ISUZU

local community involved
Local community involved
  • Young afar men as guards for charcoal makers
    • Receive small payment from charcoal owners
  • Illegal taxers at the road side
benefits of charcoal business
Benefits of charcoal business
  • Income generation for involved Afar
    • 20-25 ISUZUs bought by owners (2000-2005ec)
    • 55-60 houses built in Galaeladora by owners
  • Capital accumulation for agricultural investments
  • Access to transportation
costs of charcoal business
Costs of charcoal business
  • Women raped and killed by charcoal makers
  • Increasing incidences of people killed by lions
  • High corruption due to illegality of the charcoal trade
  • Monetarization of society and change of values,
    • weakening of indigenous NRM institutions, Afar Madaa
  • Woreda loses tax income through illegality estimate: 60,000-80,000 Birr per day
  • Cutting of indigenous trees
aspects of governmental regulation
Aspects of governmental regulation
  • Existing rules and regulations not implemented
  • Lack of political commitment
  • Governmental individuals indirectly involved in charcoal business: partly beneficaries
  • Increased political commitment: Implementation of rules and regulations
  • Legalize charcoal trade from Prosopis and facilitate distribution of trade licenses to individuals
  • Create awareness on alternative use of Prosopis and environmental costs of cutting indigenous trees