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Body Composition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Body Composition. Reference male: _____ ____ % fat _____ ____ % muscle _____ ____ % bone _____ ____ % other. Reference female: _____ ____ % fat _____ ____ % muscle _____ ____ % bone _____ ____ % other. Risks of Obesity:. Surgical complications Breathing difficulties

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body composition

Body Composition

Reference male:

_____ ____ % fat

_____ ____ % muscle

_____ ____ % bone

_____ ____ % other

Reference female:

_____ ____ % fat

_____ ____ % muscle

_____ ____ % bone

_____ ____ % other

risks of obesity
Risks of Obesity:
  • Surgical complications
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • High blood pressure, stroke and heart disease
  • Bone and joint disorders
  • Gallstones
  • Skin disorders
  • Certain cancers
  • Complications of pregnancy
energy balance
Energy Balance
  • Energy we take in = energy we put out, weight is __________.
  • Energy we take in > energy we put out, we _________ weight.
  • Energy we take in < energy we put out, we _________ weight.
energy balance2
Energy Balance

Provides Energy: Uses Energy:

F ___________, B __________

which has: M __________

C ___________

F _______, and P __________

P ___________ A __________

which give us

_____________. T __________

E __________

or basal metabolism
↑ or ↓ Basal Metabolism?

Growth?

Higher body weight?

Larger surface area?

Male gender?

Female gender?

More lean body mass?

Older age?

Pregnancy?

Fever?

Dieting (limiting food intake)?

Hot or cold outside temp?

Caffeine?

how many calories in this lunch
How many calories in this lunch?

McDonald’s:

Quarter Pounder with cheese:

38 grams carbohydrate

28 grams protein

30 grams fat

Large French Fries:

57 grams carbohydrate

6 grams protein

22 grams fat

Medium (24 ounce) Coke:

81 grams carbohydrate

Total Calories: _______________

how many calories in this lunch1
How many calories in this lunch?

Taco Bell:

Taco Salad with edible shell bowl:

55 grams carbohydrate

34 grams protein

61 grams fat

Medium (24 ounce) Diet Coke:

0 grams carbohydrate

Total Calories: ________________

1 000 calories
1,000 calories:

One apple

One pear

One banana

One orange

One bunch of grapes

Half a head of cauliflower

A bunch of broccoli

25 baby carrots

One large potato

4 tomatoes

1 000 calories1
1,000 calories:

One super-size Coke

One super-size fries

body mass index
Body Mass Index

Height in inches: _______  39.3

= height in meters: _________

Weight in pounds: _______  2.2

= weight in kilograms: _______

BMI = Weight (kg)/height (m)2 = _________  (_________)2

(weight in kg) (height in m) = __________ (BMI)

adult body mass index
Adult Body Mass Index

Underweight

BMI < 19

Healthy weight

19 – 24.9

Overweight

25 – 29.9

Obese

BMI > 30

body mass index children and teens
Body Mass IndexChildren and Teens

Underweight

BMI < 5%tile

Healthy weight

5 – 85%tile

At-risk-for-Overweight

85 – 95%tile

Overweight

BMI > 95%tile

energy needs age 15 5 6 130 pounds bmi 21 50 75 tile bmi age
Energy Needs:(age 15, 5’6”, 130 poundsBMI=21, 50-75%tile BMI/age)

FemaleMale

“Couch Potato” 1853 2273

Low Active 2198 2674

Active 2521 3076

Very Active 3060 3570