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Agenda. Quiz Timeline Peter the Great Notes/video Primary Source Discussion HOMEWORK. Peter the Great. Russia's Absolute Monarch. Peter the Great. Ruled until 1696 with his mentally challenged half brother Began almost immediately to consolidate power and to increase his power

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Agenda
Agenda

  • Quiz

  • Timeline

  • Peter the Great

    • Notes/video

    • Primary Source

    • Discussion

    • HOMEWORK


Agenda

Peter the Great

Russia's Absolute Monarch


Peter the great
Peter the Great

  • Ruled until 1696 with his mentally challenged half brother

  • Began almost immediately to consolidate power and to increase his power

  • Major goal was the westernization of Russia


Westernization modernization
Westernization & Modernization

  • Peter needed to use European civilization to create a stronger Russian army that could stand up to the West as well as to obtain his “window on the West”


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Peter s reforms
Peter was very widespread’s Reforms

  • Peter had an inquisitive mind and began to study things like sailing with foreigners living in Moscow

  • In 1697 Peter began his year-long “Grand Embassy” to Western Europe to learn as much as he could so he could strengthen Russia and her amry


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  • Peter made the following changes to Russia once he returned to Russia:

    • The Russian Church, which had opposed all learning and change came under Peter’s direct control

    • All non-serfs were required to serve the state in the government or in the military and nobility did not guarantee any high positions


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Peter created a professional army that was drilled by European soldiers with European weapons

Taxes were raised to pay for the army and taxes were put on items such as beards, land, inns, mills, leather, coffins, meat & the right to marry

Encouraged industrialization and provided government money for companies to start making products the army needed


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  • Eastern fashions were prohibited and men could not wear beards

  • A newspaper was created which helped to increase literacy and exchange ideas

  • Russians were sent abroad to study

  • A book of etiquette was published that encouraged Russians not to spit on the floor, scratch themselves or to wear hats indoors


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Results of westernization
Results of Westernization lands on the Baltic Sea and forced nobles to move there

Peter’s own son and heir to the throne was tortured and executed for opposing Peter’s changes

Peter, by trying to gain more power, left a legacy of strong man rule and prohibited the development of a democratic government prior to 1992

The peasant stayed outside looking in while the nobility continued to enjoy a privileged life– this gap between classes would have dire consequences for Russia’s future


Primary source
Primary Source lands on the Baltic Sea and forced nobles to move there

Describe Peter the Great


Homework due thursday
Homework: DUE Thursday lands on the Baltic Sea and forced nobles to move there

  • Write a Eulogy for Peter the Great.

  • 1 page typed: Get CREATIVE!

  • What is a Eulogy?

    • is a speech or writing in praise of a person or thing, especially one recently.