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FASCIST ITALY. 1922 - 1945. Italy Before Fascism. Constitutional Monarchy. WWI: Huge losses (3 rd after Russia and France). End of WWI: Left with a poor economy and many social issues. - High unemployment rates - National debt - Inflation

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Fascist italy


1922 - 1945

Italy before fascism
Italy Before Fascism

  • Constitutional Monarchy.

  • WWI: Huge losses (3rd after Russia and France).

  • End of WWI: Left with a poor economy and many social issues. - High unemployment rates - National debt - Inflation

  • Didn’t obtain all the territory they had been promised in the Treaty of London.

1920 factory occupations
1920 Factory Occupations

Assembly of 600,000 workers in a Fiat factory in an attempt to overthrow the capitalist regime.

Benito mussolini background
Benito Mussolini: Background

  • Childhood

  • Early Political Beliefs

  • Italian Fascist Party

Mussolini s rise to power
Mussolini’s rise to Power

  • Economic Factors

  • Political actors

  • Social Factors

Benito mussolini in 1938
Benito Mussolini in 1938


The March in Rome

How mussolini s regime worked
How Mussolini’s regime worked

  • Belief in the superiority of the nation’s people.

  • Absolute power of the state.

  • Corporatism: state controls labor and factory owners.

  • Extreme patriotism:glory of the nation, fear of outside threats.

  • Militarism and imperialism: other “weaker” nations were supposed to be conquered.

Poster announcing the 10th anniversary of the coup d’état which brought Mussolini to power.

  • Cult of the leader: known as “Il Duce”, the duke. Became a sort of national legend.

  • Repression of anti-fascists was less violent that in Germany.

  • A sort of secret police, “the Black shirts”, who put into line those who opposed Mussolini by using violence and intimidation.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zJpp3ipxKzU Link to one of Mussolini’s speeches.

Propaganda poster from Mussolini’s regime, it reads: “One for all, one for the Duce.”

Italy under mussolini
Italy a sort of national legend. under Mussolini

  • Extreme nationalism: build up the prestige and greatness of nation.

  • Total obedience to authority: “Believe, Obey, Fight!”

  • Autarky: government directed the economic life of the nation.

  • Attempt to end class warfare by promoting co-operation between employers and workers: “The Corporative State”.

  • Military strength and violence: “Peace is absurd: fascism does not believe in it” – Mussolini.

  • Censorship: a strict press censorship was enforced.

  • Education: closely supervised.

  • Religion: The Lateran treaty of 1929.

http a sort of national legend. ://www.imdb.com/title/tt1540784

The fall of fascism
The Fall of Fascism a sort of national legend.

  • 25 April, 1945: Liberation Day.

  • 27 April : Mussolini & his mistress attempt to flee Italy but get caught by Italian partisans.

  • 28 April : Mussolini is shot.

US news coverage ofMussolini’s execution

Article from the Anti-Fascist party on the day of Mussolini’s death.