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Italy. Introduction to Italian history and geography. Outline. Introduction Part I. Geography a. General information b. Major cities Part II. History a. Ancient history b. Modern Italy Conclusion References. Introduction. Italy (Italian Italia ), republic in southern Europe

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    1. Italy Introduction to Italian history and geography Dr. Montoneri

    2. Outline • Introduction • Part I. Geography • a. General information • b. Major cities • Part II. History • a. Ancient history • b. Modern Italy • Conclusion • References Dr. Montoneri

    3. Dr. Montoneri

    4. Introduction • Italy (Italian Italia), republic in southern Europe • It comprises, in addition to the Italian mainland, the islands of Elba, Sardinia, and Sicily, and many lesser islands • Enclaves within mainland Italy are the independent countries of San Marino and Vatican City • The area of Italy is 301,323 sq km • One of the most visited countries for its beautiful landscapes, great architecture and rich history Dr. Montoneri

    5. Part I. Geography Dr. Montoneri

    6. a. General information • Shaped much like a boot, the Italian Peninsula extends generally southeast into the Mediterranean Sea • One-third of the total land surface of Italy is made of plains • On the northern frontiers are the Alps (highest peak: Monte Rosa 4,634 m) • Three famous volcano Mount Etna 3,323 m, Stromboli and Vesuvius • Member of the G7 (the seven most industrialized countries) • Major industries: tourism, engineering, textiles, chemicals, food processing, motor vehicles, clothing & footwear Dr. Montoneri

    7. b. Major cities • The 2002 estimated Italian population is 57,715,625 • The capital and largest city of Italy is Rome (population, 2000 estimate, 2,644,000) • Milan (1,301,000), an important manufacturing, financial, and commercial city • Turin (904,000), a transportation junction and major industrial city • Genoa (636,000), the leading port in Italy and a major trade and commercial center • Florence (377,000), a cultural, commercial, transportation, and industrial center • Palermo (684,000), the capital and chief seaport of Sicily Dr. Montoneri

    8. Dr. Montoneri

    9. Part II. History • Three majors periods: Ancient Rome, the Renaissance and contemporary Italy • A rich and ancient culture that influenced all the Western world • A huge number of famous artists and thinkers like Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Dante, Puccini and Galileo Dr. Montoneri

    10. a. Ancient history • 753Foundation of Rome by Romulus and Remus. • 753-509Kingdom. Romulus first king • 509-27Republic • 44Caesar killed by Senators • 30Cleopatra killed herself. Egypt becomes a Roman province • 27 BC-476 ADEmpire (first emperor: Augustus) • c.79Vesuvius erupts in Pompeii • 116 - 17Roman empire reaches its greatest extent, under Emperor Trajan (98-117) • 330 New city of Constantinople (now Istanbul) inaugurated on site of ancient Greek city of Byzantium in European Turkey • 391 Christianity official religion of the Roman Empire • 476Fall of the Roman empire Dr. Montoneri

    11. b. Modern Italy • 800 Pope crowns Charlemagne emperor of Rome • 1020 Rome, Florence and Venice, become city states • 1072 - 91 Norman armies conquer Sicily • c. 1254 Explorer Marco Polo born in Venice • 1478 - 92 Rule of Renaissance art patron, Lorenzo de' Medici • 1506 - 1612 Construction of basilica of St Peter's in Rome • 1519 Death of Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci • 1796 Napoleon Bonaparte, later Napoleon I, invaded Italy • 1861 the kingdom of Italy proclaimed; unification • 1922 Mussolini becomes prime minister; dictator from 1925 • 1946 Italy became a republic • 2001 Berlusconi Prime Minister Dr. Montoneri

    12. Dr. Montoneri

    13. Conclusion • In May 1999 former prime minister Carlo Ciampi was elected president • For centuries, all the Mediterranean ruled by Rome, with a single official language, Latin, and a single currency • Now, Italy, one of the leading countries in the EU, adopted the Euro in 2002 • In 2004, 10 more countries from Eastern Europe will join the European Union Dr. Montoneri

    14. References • http://encarta.msn.com • http://www.cnn.com/TRAVEL/atevo/city/Rome/intro.html • http://www.lonelyplanet.com/destinations/europe/italy • http://ww2.webcomp.com/virtuale/us/roma/movie.htm Dr. Montoneri