Photography Merit Badge - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Photography Merit Badge

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  1. Photography Merit Badge

  2. Agenda Classroom Instruction – 1/hr. Photography Session – 1/hr. Assemble PowerPoint Presentation – 45/min. Present PowerPoint – 30/min. Discuss careers in photography – 15/min.
  3. Requirement #1 Explain how the following elements and terms affect the quality of a picture: Light-natural light/ambient, flash Exposure-aperture (f-stops), shutter speed, depth of field Composition-rule of thirds, leading lines, framing, depth Angle of view Stopping action
  4. Requirement #2 Explain the basic parts and operation of a film camera or digital camera. Explain how an exposure is made when you take a picture.
  5. Requirement #3 Discuss with your counselor the differences between a film camera and a digital camera. List at least five advantages and five disadvantages of using a digital camera versus using a film camera.
  6. Requirement #4 Do the following… Produce a picture story using the photojournalistic technique of documenting an event. Share your plan with your counselor and get your counselor's input and approval before you proceed. Then, using either a film camera or a digital camera, produce your approved picture story. Process your images and select eight to 12 images that best tell your story. Arrange your images in order, then mount the prints on a poster board. If you are using digital images, you may create a slide show on your computer or produce printouts for your poster board. Share your picture story with your counselor.
  7. Requirement #4 …or do the following: Choose a topic that interests you to photograph for an exhibit or display. Get your counselor's approval, then photograph (digital or film) your topic. Process your images. Choose 20 of your favorite images and mount them on poster board. Share your display with your counselor. If you are using digital images, you may create a slide show on your computer or produce printouts for your poster board.
  8. Requirement #5 Discuss with your counselor the career opportunities in photography. Pick one that interests you and explain how to prepare for such a career. Discuss with your counselor the education and training such a career would require.
  9. Basic Parts of a Camera
  10. F-stop (or aperture) Lens F-stops are measured “low” or “high” f/2 is “low” stop—lets is more light f/22 is “high” stop—lets in less light
  11. F-stop
  12. Depth-of-field and f-stops f/2 – less depth-of-field f/22 – more depth-of-field
  13. Depth-of-field Is this closer to f/2 or f/22?
  14. Depth-of-field Is this closer to f/2 or f/22?
  15. Camera Shutter Shutter speeds are measure as “fast” or “slow” A fast speed is 1/1000 of a second A slow speed is 1/2 of a second
  16. Camera Shutter A fast speed can stop action A slow speed can blur action
  17. Camera Shutter
  18. Shutter Speed Is this closer to ½ sec or 1/1000 sec.?
  19. Shutter Speed Is this closer to ½ sec or 1/1000 sec.?
  20. Lighting “Natural” Light – light from the Sun (inside or outside) “Ambient” Light – overall illumination of an environment without the addition of lighting for photography. “Flash” Light – artificial light from a flash bulb
  21. Natural Light
  22. Ambient Light
  23. Ambient Light?
  24. Lighting? Is this natural, ambient or flash lighting?
  25. Lighting? Is this natural, ambient or flash lighting?
  26. Lighting? Is this natural, ambient or flash lighting?
  27. Lighting? Is this natural, ambient or flash lighting?
  28. Composition “Rule of Thirds” Keep the subject of interest out of the center of the picture Likely the most important rule of composition
  29. Composition “Rule of Thirds”
  30. Composition “Rule of Thirds”
  31. Composition “Leading Lines” A leading line can be almost anything: a road, path, sidewalk, fence, river, hedge, tree line or shadow.
  32. Composition “Leading Lines”
  33. Composition “Leading Lines”
  34. Composition “Leading Lines”
  35. Composition “Framing” Using trees or objects to provide a natural“frame”
  36. Composition “Framing”
  37. Composition “Framing”
  38. Composition “Depth” Using foreground objects to simulate depth.
  39. Composition “Depth”
  40. Composition “Depth”
  41. Composition “Angle of View” Altering your angle canprovide more interestingphotographs.
  42. Composition “Angle of View”
  43. Composition “Angle of View”
  44. Stopping Action Use a “fast” shutter speed, like f/500 or f/1000 Need lots of light due to fast shutter speed
  45. Stopping Action
  46. Digital Cameras vs. Film Convenience Lower cost of operation Can see/download picture instantly High-end digital on par with film cameras Can be less expensive More built-in features
  47. Career Opportunities Photojournalist (newspaper/magazine/web) Sports photographer Portrait/events photographer Advertising photographer “Location” photographer Fashion photographer Corporate photographer
  48. Career Opportunities Four (4) years of college (B.A. degree) 2+ years apprenticeship as photographer’s assistant Lots of hard work!
  49. Photography as a Hobby Lifetime of fulfillment as a hobby Can complement other hobbies Difference between “professional” and “amateur” is not always skill level