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The Battle of Trenton. And the Victory at Princeton. The Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence was signed and adopted on July 4 th, 1776 This represented an official declaration of war against the British Government. Early Battles.

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the battle of trenton

The Battle of Trenton

And the Victory at Princeton

the declaration of independence
The Declaration of Independence
  • The Declaration of Independence was signed and adopted on July 4th, 1776
  • This represented an official declaration of war against the British Government
early battles
Early Battles
  • Most early battles involved few troops
    • Bunker Hill
      • 2,200 British
      • 1,200 Americans
  • The British had not won a decisive battle over the Patriots
  • Summer of 1776
    • British sent 32,000 troops to New York
    • General Howe hoped that the huge army would convince the Patriots to give up
fighting in new york
Fighting in New York
  • Long Island
    • Washington had fewer than 20,000 troops
      • But they were determined to fight
    • Continental Army was outnumbered
      • They suffered heavy losses
    • Americans ran short on supplies
  • Casualties
    • British – 400
    • American - 1500
  • Washington retreats to Manhattan then to New Jersey and on to Pennsylvania
nathan hale
Nathan Hale
  • Hero at Long Island
    • Teacher from Connecticut
    • Disquised as a Dutch Schoolteacher
    • Wanted to spy on British
  • Hale was discovered and hanged
    • “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.”
        • Nathan Hale
a low point
A Low Point
  • Winter of 1776 – 1777
    • Continental Army dwindles
    • Soldiers went home or deserted
  • Washington wrote his brother
    • If new soldiers were not recruited soon, “I think the game is pretty near up.”
  • Washington could not believe that the fight for liberty would truly fail.
african americans join the fight
African Americans Join the Fight
  • Continental Army needed soldiers
    • Estimated 5,000 African-American joined the Patriots
    • Enslaved Africans who had run away
    • Fought to earn their freedom
  • By wars end, all colonies except South Carolina had enlisted African Americans
the winter of 1776 1777
The Winter of 1776-1777
  • General Howe took his troops to New York for the Winter
    • He left New Jersey in the hands of the Hessians
  • Howe’s delay allowed Washington to gather reinforcements
    • Thomas Paine said, “These are the times that try men’s souls.”
    • He urged Patriots to remain loyal to their cause
the battle of trenton1
The Battle of Trenton
  • Washington plans a surprise attack on the Hessians
  • December 25, 1776
    • Washington and his men cross the Delaware River into Trenton
      • 2,500 Men
  • Lasted less than 1 hour
    • Patriots captured more than 900 Hessians
    • Only 5 American Cassualties
  • The victory boosted American Spirits
on to princeton
On to Princeton
  • Washington was not satisfied
    • Patriots march toward Princeton
  • January 2, 1777
    • Patriots keep campfires burning
    • Left camp under the cover of night
    • The encircled the British Troops
  • Princeton was another victory for the Patriots
    • “It is a fine fox chase, my boys!”
        • George Washington