Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
How did Stalin emerge as the sole leader of the Soviet Union? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
How did Stalin emerge as the sole leader of the Soviet Union?

How did Stalin emerge as the sole leader of the Soviet Union?

157 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

How did Stalin emerge as the sole leader of the Soviet Union?

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. How did Stalin emerge as the sole leader of the Soviet Union?

  2. MAJOR ISSUES • IDEOLOGY: International revolution or socialism in one country? • Stalin’s approach is appealing because: • It is practical • Puts control in Soviet hands (not international revolution) • Relief from struggle (after the civil war, etc) • ECONOMY: continue the NEP?

  3. 1st STEP 1905-1922 • PARTY POSITIONING: • An early Bolshevik (unlike Trotsky) • Editor of Pravda • General Party Secretary (1922) • MANIPULATES LENIN’S FUNERAL

  4. LENIN DIES 1924 • Lenin’s Testament released by Krupskaya • Stalin vs Trotsky for leadership

  5. 2nd Step: LEFT ALLIANCE Communist Party becomes even more centralized. No more Democratic Centralism

  6. TROTSKY - Demoted • Trotsky and his Left Opposition supporters lose influence, • They will not create splits in the party because of the ban on factionalism of 1921 • He gave up his positions

  7. 3RD Step – RIGHT ALLIANCE • Supports the NEP • Cooperation with peasants • Kamenev and Zinoviev oppose: call for non-confidence vote, the end of the NEP and a tough line on the peasants

  8. UNITED OPPOSITION 1926 • Greater Democracy • Collectivization • International Revolution

  9. TROTSKY - EXILED • Failed attempts to influence the party (Stalin in control) • Accused of factionalism – all expelled • Kamenev and Zinoviev go back to support Stalin • Trotsky deported – his books are no longer published

  10. 4th Step: Defeats the Right • 1927 FOOD CRISIS • STARTS FORCED GRAIN COLLECTIONS • ATTACKS THE KULAKS AND VIOLENCE AGAINST PEASANTS RIGHT AND LEFT WERE NOT ABLE TO FULLY UNITE AGAINST STALIN

  11. TROTSKY – DEPORTED 1929 • Stalin fears support for Trotsky will grow with his new policies: he is expelled from the country • Bukharin loses positions of power – expelled from Politburo

  12. Was Stalin’s rise to power due to his strength or his rivals weakness?Pgs 221-225, notes