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Greek Tragedy: Antigone

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Greek Tragedy: Antigone

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  1. Greek Tragedy: Antigone Prentice Hall Literature Language and Literacy 10thgrade edition

  2. Background: Sophocles • enjoyed a comfortable life in a well-to-do family • age 28--won the wreath in his first play competition --Antigone • wrote 123 plays/7 survived intact • end of Sophocles' life--Peloponnesian War/time of political turmoil • Sophocles surviving plays--deeply troubling

  3. Background: Antigone • (tragedy) - a serious drama featuring a noble, dignified main character (often a member of royalty) who strives to achieve something and is ultimately defeated • (tragic flaw) - a character flaw or weakness that eventually leads to a character's downfall • Festival of Dionysus: • 4 day celebration in honor of Dionysus, god of wine and revelry • plays were performed/competition

  4. Literary Terms: Antigone • Aristotle’s Definition of a Tragic Hero: • 1. Should be ruler or leader • 2. Of good character (neither exceptionally virtuous or exceptionally evil) • 3. Tragic hero goes through one or more reversals of fortune, leading to final recognition of truth

  5. Literary Terms: Antigone (cont.) 4. Misfortune brought about by some error of judgment or frailty – “hamartia” (tragic flaw) 5. Tragic hero profound suffering in this process 6. Audience should be moved by pity and fear

  6. Themes in Antigone • The nature of justice • Divine law vs. human law • Fate

  7. Sophocles' Oedipus Trilogy • Sophocles wrote the 3 plays over a 36 year period • Antigonewas written first • 1. --Oedipus Rex (written second) • 2. --Oedipus at Colonus (written last) • 3. --Antigone (written first)

  8. Cool Random Greek Artifact…Agamemnon’s Death Mask

  9. Mt. Sunion…Mtn. where Theseus’ father flung himself into the sea

  10. Mt. Sunion…beautiful sunset view

  11. Delphi…ancient Greeks traveled here to consult the Oracle

  12. Ancient Greek theater (Delphi?)

  13. Ancient Greek theater

  14. Sharks running a lap around ancient Greek track

  15. The Sphynx—Oedipus’ Nemesis

  16. Oedipus Myth • Prepare to be amazed at Mrs. Anthony’s spectacular visual version of the Oedipus myth.