Diversity of Mammals - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Diversity of Mammals

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  1. Diversity of Mammals 5th Grade

  2. There are 3 main groups of mammals. These groups differ in how their young develop.

  3. 3 main groups of mammals: • 1) Monotremes • 2) Marsupials • 3) Placental Mammals

  4. Monotremes are still considered mammals because they drink milk from their mother’s skin • An Anteater lay eggs directly into a pouch in the mother’s belly • A Duck-billed platypus lays her eggs in an underground nest

  5. Monotremes

  6. Monotremes • Egg-laying mammals • ONLY 3 SPECIES: -2 species of anteaters -Duck-billed platypus Why are these still considered mammals?

  7. Marsupials • Mammals whose young are born at an early stage of development, and they usually continue to develop in a pouch on the mother’s body • short gestation period: the length of time between fertilization and birth

  8. When born, marsupials are blind, hairless, and pink!

  9. Examples of Marsupials • Kangaroos • Wallabies • Koalas • Wombats • Tasmanian Devils • Possums • Gliders

  10. Marsupials - Kangaroo

  11. Marsupials—Wallaby

  12. Marsupials-Koala

  13. Marsupials--Wombat

  14. Marsupials—Tasmanian Devil

  15. Marsupials--Possums

  16. Marsupials--Gliders

  17. Placental Mammals • Develops inside its mother’s body until it can function independently • Name comes from placenta: an organ in pregnant female mammals that passes materials between the mother and the developing embryo • Food and oxygen pass from the mother to her young • An umbilical cord connects the young to the mother’s placenta.

  18. Most mammals are placental mammals • The gestation period for animals usually depends on their size • Elephants have a 21 month gestation period • Mice have a 20 day gestation period

  19. Placental Mammals are grouped based on how they eat and move

  20. Placental Mammals – Carnivores: have large canine teeth and clawed toes to catch prey • River Otters • Dogs • Raccoons • Seals

  21. Placental Mammals - Rabbits and Hares – Leaping mammals with long hind legs & long, curved incisors for gnawing

  22. Placental Mammals -- Marine Mammals (marine = ocean) • Whales • Manatees • Dolphins

  23. Placental Mammals –Rodents –are gnawing mammals such as mice rats, beavers, capybaras • Rats • Mice • Beavers • Capybaras Beaver Capybara

  24. Placental Mammals – Trunk-nosed mammals • Elephants • Woolly Mammoth (extinct)

  25. Placental Mammals – Flying Mammals • Bats –their wings are made of a thin skin that stretches from their wrists to the tips of their long finger bones Flying Fox Bat

  26. Placental Mammals – Insectivores • Moles • Shrews

  27. Placental Mammals - Primates • Have large brains and eyes that face forward • Include humans, monkeys, chimpanzees, orangutans, lemurs, etc.

  28. Placental Mammals –Primates-Gorilla

  29. Placental Mammals –Primates --Chimpanzees

  30. Placental Mammals –Primates --Gibbons

  31. Placental Mammal –Primates -Lemur

  32. Placental Mammals--Primates--Bush babies

  33. Placental Mammals –Primates--Marmocet

  34. Placental Mammals –Primates -Tamarin

  35. Placental Mammals –Primates-Toothless Mammals • Have either very small or no teeth • Armadillos • Sloths

  36. Placental Mammals –Primates - Hoofed Mammals • Cows • Deer • Pigs • Horses • Zebras

  37. Caring for Young • Monotremes, Marsupials, and Placental Mammals all care for their young • Baby mammals are helpless for a long time after being born –many are born blind or withoutinsulating fur • Young mammals stay with their mothers or both parents for an extended period of time

  38. Rhinoceros with baby

  39. Chimpanzee mother and baby

  40. Mother with lion cubs

  41. Colobus Monkey with baby

  42. Labrador with babies

  43. Polar bear with baby

  44. Panda Bear mother with baby