Equal opportunity vs. Meritocracy (3/26). Cole: Limited Differences Reskin: Affirmative Action Buffers and Shunts. Is the U.S. institutionally sexist today? (review). There is a lot of gender inequality, and there are a lot of people who are, individually sexist?
Cole: Limited Differences
Reskin: Affirmative Action
Buffers and Shunts
Access to further resources
13 womenA simple filter representation:
In Cole’s actual model, the interactions between the particular biases and the unbiased hurdles eliminates nearly 99% of women, but even without such interactions, it is evident that 5 hurdles with a 2/3 bias will eliminate nearly 90% of women.
After the fact
Responsibility of the victim to show wrong
Usually based on intent (which usually cannot be shown)
Aims to alter institu-tional disadvantage.
Responsibility of employer
Equally applicable if the segregation results from day-to-day practices such as old-boy network recruitment.How does Affirmative Action differ from Anti-discrimination law?