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BALLADS (pgs 192-197). A narrative poem that was originally intended to be sung Consists of 4 line stanzas, or quatrain 2 nd and 4 th line rhyme, sometime have a refrain—a repeated phrase Passed down orally. BALLADS (pgs 192-197). Most Medieval people were illiterate

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Ballads pgs 192 197
BALLADS (pgs 192-197)

  • A narrative poem that was originally intended to be sung

  • Consists of 4 line stanzas, or quatrain

  • 2nd and 4th line rhyme, sometime have a refrain—a repeated phrase

  • Passed down orally

Ballads pgs 192 1971
BALLADS (pgs 192-197)

  • Most Medieval people were illiterate

  • Stories often changed in the retelling

  • Many versions of the same story

  • Ballads focused on a single incident

Ballads pgs 192 1972
BALLADS (pgs 192-197)

  • Often contain Dialogue “ Blah, blah, blah “

  • Begin in the middle of the story

    (in medias res)

  • Rhyme and repetition of sounds enabled minstrels to recall and recite the ballads

  • Alliteration—the repetition of consonant sounds

Ballads pgs 192 1973
BALLADS (pgs 192-197)

Popular subjects included:

  • tragic love

  • domestic conflict

  • Crime

  • war

  • shipwreck

Ballads pgs 192 1974
BALLADS (pgs 192-197)


  • Rase = rose

  • Gin === if

  • Twa = two


  • Rhyming scheme= abcb or aabb

    O slowly, slowly rase she up’ a

    To the place where he was lyin, b

    And when she drew the curtain by: c

    “Young man, I think you’re dyin.”b

    ---from “Barbara Allan”

Barbara allan

  • Tells the story of a tragic love

  • Theme: unfulfilled or unrequited love and impending doom

  • Modern examples: Songs by Garth Brooks, Meat Loaf, Brad Paisley

  • Story—The Little Mermaid, Hunchback of Notre Dame

Barbara allan1

  • To an audience at that time, it would not have seemed at all unusual that a nobleman such as Sir John Graeme could be healthy one day and then be lying near death the next

  • Does he die of illness or unrequited love?

Barbara allan2

  • The tolling of the dead-bell forces Barbara Allan to accept the reality of Sir John’s death

  • In death, Sir John and Barbara Allan are finally happy with each other and able to achieve a peace in their relationship that they could not agree to in life

  • Why weren’t they able to be together in life?

Sir patrick spens anonymous

  • Rhyme Scheme?

    The king sits in Dumferline town, _____

    Driking the blude-reid wine: _____

    “O whar will I get a guid sailor _____

    To sail this ship of mine?” _____

Sir patrick spens

  • Describes the loss at sea of a Scottish ship and crew

  • Theme: man against nature, the dangers faced by sailors at sea

Sir patrick spens1

  • Drunk king asks for a super sailor to sail his ship

  • Old man replies: “Sir Patrick Spens…”

  • King writes him a letter, he laughs at first

  • Spens agrees, despite the danger (The tear blinded his ee.)

Sir patrick spens2

  • He sails against the advice of his crew

    “For I fear a deadly storm”--Foreshadowing

  • The ship sinks off the coast of Aberdour

    (50 fathoms deep)

  • The sailors hats float while their ladies wait for their return

Get up and bar the door

  • Tells the humorous story of a strong-willed husband and wife locked in an argument

  • Theme: Treats marital discord in a humorous manner

Get up and bar the door1


-”then / pan”

-”sure / door”

  • Chances are that the words in each pair had the same vowel sounds in this time

  • Changes came in the 16th century—modern English

Get up and bar the door2
“Get up and Bar the Door”

  • Man and wife in home

    • Wife preparing dinner

    • Neither wants to bar the door

    • Make a deal: the one who speaks first has to get up and bar the door

    • 2 men walk in and see the silent pair

    • They threaten to shave his beard and kiss his wife

    • He speaks and she wins the deal


  • All three of these ballads deal with problems encountered in everyday life


  • Tales of chivalric knights, many featured King Arthur and his round table

  • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

  • Le Morte d’Arthur (The death of Arthur) by Sir Thomas Malory

The english renaissance pg 276
The English Renaissance pg 276


  • Began in in 14th century Italy

  • Began in England after the War of the Roses, Henry VII

The english renaissance
The English Renaissance

  • Medieval period focused on religion and the after life

  • Renaissance stressed humanity on earth

  • Arts, literature, beauty in nature, human impulses, a new mastery over the world

  • Questioned timeworn truths (flatlanders)

  • Challenged authority

The english renaissance1
The English Renaissance

Renaissance Man

  • A many-faceted person who cultivated his innate talents to the fullest

Thirst for knowledge
Thirst for Knowledge

  • Great burst of exploration – culminates in Columbus’ arrival in New World in 1492

  • Compass developed

  • Advances in field of astronomy

  • Growing sense of nationalism

  • Protestant reformation

The english renaissance2
The English Renaissance

  • Henry VII son (Arthur) married Catherine of Aragon, daughter of King Ferdinand of Spain, England’s greatest new World rival

  • Arthur died, pope allowed Arthur’s younger brother (Henry VIII) to marry Catherine

  • This would prove to be a problem

The english renaissance3
The English Renaissance

Henry VIII

  • Succeeded his father in 1509

  • A true Renaissance prince

  • Skilled athlete, poet, musician…

  • Asked the church for permission to divorce Catherine after 18 yrs and only one female child--Mary

Henry viii

  • The Pope refused Henry’s request for a divorce

  • Henry broke with Rome in 1534, declared himself head of the Church of England or Anglican Church

  • Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn, she produced a daughter—Elizabeth

  • Anne was later executed for adultery

Queen mary
Queen Mary

  • Restored Pope, Catholicism

  • Married Philip of Spain

  • Executed approx. 300 protestants

  • These executions are why she’s known as “Bloody Mary”

The elizabethan era
The Elizabethan Era

  • The unwanted daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

  • Strong, clever, educated in Greek & Latin, patron of the arts

  • Re-established monarchy’s position over Anglican Church, restored Book of Common Prayer

  • Believed in religious tolerance, lowered taxes, in favor of public education

Queen elizabeth i
Queen Elizabeth I

  • Never married—”The Virgin Queen”

  • She was the inspiration for Spenser’s “The Faerie Queene”

  • Supported Sir Walter Raleigh

    -introduced tobacco and potatoes

    -Tried for treason, imprisoned in Tower of London

    -finally executed in 1618

Spanish armada 1588
Spanish Armada--1588

  • Spain refused to recognize England’s claim to America—sent 130 ships

  • They claimed English privateers were plundering Spanish ships

  • 8-day battle aided by a storm; England became known as a great sea power

King james i
King James I

  • Did NOT believe in religious tolerance; persecuted Puritans

  • 1604—King James I appointed scholars to create a new translation of the Bible, promoted the use of English language (King James Version)

The english renaissance4
The English Renaissance

  • Following Queen Eliz I, came King James

  • 1605—The Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament—Guy Fawkes Day (Nov 5 celebrate)

  • 1606—Shakespeare's “Macbeth” produced

The english renaissance5
The English Renaissance

  • 1629 Charles I dismissed Parliament for 11 years

  • Thousands migrated to N. America, mostly Puritans

  • Long Parliament

Evolution of poetry
Evolution of Poetry

  • Lyric poetry was favorite

  • Sonnet perfected; sonnet cycles became very popular

  • Edmund Spenser wrote The Faerie Queene (epic, intricate verse w/ rich imagery)