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The Supreme Court. 7 th Grade Civics Miss Smith *pgs. 189-192 Civics in Practice. The Power of Judicial Review. ______________ laws can be ________ thanks to the power of judicial ______

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the supreme court

The Supreme Court

7th Grade Civics

Miss Smith

*pgs. 189-192 Civics in Practice

the power of judicial review
The Power of Judicial Review
  • ______________ laws can be ________ thanks to the power of judicial ______
    • ________ review- courts’ power to decide whether a law or presidential ______ is in agreement with the __________
  • The _______ _____ holds this ultimate _________
  • The Constitution doesn’t mention judicial review, it was established by which court case?
choosing cases
Choosing Cases
  • More than __,___ cases are filed with the Supreme Court each ____
    • The court may decide only about ____-____ of those
  • It accepts only cases that generally deal with important _____________ or national __________
  • At least ___ of the ___ justices must vote to hear a case
  • If the Supreme Court doesn’t take the case, the decision of the lower court ______
  • The Supreme Court can also _______ a case, or return it to a lower court for a ____ ______
hearing and deciding cases
Hearing and Deciding Cases
  • Lawyers have ______ to present their arguments
  • Justices then go over the __________ and consider what was said in ______
    • When they are ready to decide on a case, they hold a _______ meeting and ____
  • The court then offers its _______, which explains the reasoning that came to the Supreme Court’s _________
    • This is ________ in all lower courts
hearing and deciding cases1
Hearing and Deciding Cases
  • Concurring opinion- explanation of a justice who ______ with the decision of the ________, but for different reasons
  • Dissenting opinion- explanation of the reasoning of justices who ________ with a ________ Supreme Court decision
    • These have ___ effect on the law
    • BUT, they can become laws if societal _______ and ________ of the justices ______
    • Ex: Plessy v. Ferguson: Justice Harlan dissented. He said the Constitution did not recognize _____ or ______ distinctions
supreme court justices
Supreme Court Justices
  • ___ justices
    • ___ chief justices and ___ associate justices
    • No ____________ to become a justice
  • Appointed for ____ by the president and approved by ______
  • Can be __________
checking the court s power
Checking the Court’s Power
  • Executive Branch: President appoints ___ federal judges
  • Legislative Branch: ______ confirms nominees
    • If they ______ the nominee, the president must ______ _________ ____
  • If the Court declares a law unconstitutional, Congress could either ______ the law or ______ the Constitution in order to _____ the law
strengthening rights
Strengthening Rights
  • Brown v. Board of Education: decided that _____________ in public schools was unconstitutional
    • This reversed the earlier decision that __________ was okay as long as it was “separate but _____”
  • Miranda v. Arizona: declared that the _______ must inform ________ suspects of their rights before ___________ them