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Macromolecules. Macromolecules are the BASIC STUFF OF LIFE!! Carbohydrates-Lipids- Proteins – Nucleic Acids. Benchmark SC.912.L.18.1. They Begin as MONOMERS- simple form and build into their longer form POLYMERS. Carbohydrates. Monomer -.

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macromolecules

Macromolecules

  • Macromolecules are the
  • BASIC STUFF OF LIFE!!
  • Carbohydrates-Lipids- Proteins – Nucleic Acids

Benchmark SC.912.L.18.1

They Begin as MONOMERS- simple form and build into their longer form POLYMERS

carbohydrates
Carbohydrates

Monomer -

  • Used for energy , or other specific purposes depends on carb.
  • Structure C, H, O
  • EXAMPLES: Monomer- Sugar, Glucose, Fructose
  • Disaccharide-Sucrose
  • Polysaccharide-Glycogen, Starch, Cellulose

Polymer-

lipids
Lipids
  • Used for energy or cell structure
  •  or insulation, warmth
  • Structure varies
proteins

Monomer: Amino Acid

Proteins
  • Used in almost all cell function, many have very specific functions
  • Only one with Nitrogen
  • Structure: C, H, O, N and sometimes S

Polymer: PROTEIN

nucleic acids

Monomer: Nucleotide

Nucleic Acids
  • Used to build RNA and DNA (our genetic code)
  • Nucleic Acids participate in the process of Protein Synthesis.

Polymer: Nucleic Acid – DNA

practice questions
Practice Questions:
  • 1. Fats, oils and cholesterol are all types of what?

A. cell membranes C. lipids

B. hormones D. fatty acids

  • 2. You are analyzing a compound in the laboratory. You find that it is made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of two hydrogen atoms for each carbon atom. How will you classify the compound?

A. lipid C. carbohydrate

B. protein D. nucleic acid

practice questions1
Practice Questions:
  • 3. A sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base form the building blocks of which organic compound?

A. carbohydrates C. nucleic acids

B. lipids D. proteins

  • 4. RNA and DNA are which type of macromolecules? 

A. carbohydrate C. nucleic acid

B. lipid D. protein

practice questions2
Practice Questions:

5.The diagram below shows the general structure of an amino acid. Which type of molecule is formed from amino acids?

A. lipids C. carbohydrates

B. proteins D. nucleic acids