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Manifest Destiny: idea that the US was ordained to expand to the Pacific Ocean. PowerPoint Presentation
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Manifest Destiny: idea that the US was ordained to expand to the Pacific Ocean. Some proponents suggested we should absorb Canada, Mexico, and the nations of Central America and the Caribbean.

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slide1

Manifest Destiny: idea that the US was ordained to expand to the Pacific Ocean.

Some proponents suggested we should absorb Canada, Mexico, and the nations of Central America and the Caribbean.

The popular concept justified rapidly expanding white settlement throughout the mid to late 19th century.

How does this painting represent the concept of Manifest Destiny?

slide2

Homestead Act (1862): Gave 160 acres to any citizen (intended) who was head of a household and would cultivate the land for five years; a lot of the land had been reserved for Native Americans through treaties. * Great Land Rush of 1889

farming as business
Farming as Business
  • Improved farming technologies:
    • Mechanical Reaper (Early Combine)
    • Barbed wire
    • Dry farming
    • Steel Plow
    • Windmills
    • Hybridization
    • Seed drills
  • Led to Bonanza farms:
    • Specialized in a single cash crop
    • The rise of ‘agribusiness’.
new technology eases farm labor

Reduced labor force needed for harvest. Allows farmers to maintain larger farms.

Mechanized Reaper

Keeps cattle from trampling crops and uses a minimal amount of lumber, which was scarce on the plains.

Barbed Wire

Allows cultivation of arid land by using drought-resistant crops and various techniques to minimize evaporation.

Dry Farming

Allows farmers to cut through dense, root-choked sod.

Steel Plow

Smoothes and levels ground for planting.

Harrow

Powers irrigation systems and pumps up ground water.

Steel Windmill

Cross-breeding of crop plants, which allows greater yields and uniformity.

Hybridization

Keeps cattle from trampling crops and uses a minimal amount of lumber, which was scarce on the plains.

Improved Communication

Array of multiple drills used to carve small trenches in the ground and feed seed into the soil.

Grain Drill

Farms controlled by large businesses, managed by professionals, raised massive quantities of a single cash crop.

Bonanza Farm

New Technology Eases Farm Labor
bonanza farms
Bonanza Farms
  • 10,000 acre farms
  • Wheat boom of the 1880s
  • Population in Dakotas tripled
  • Overproduction, high investment costs, droughts, and reliance on one-crop agriculture brought an end to the boom
  • 1890 prices fell, some lost everything
slide7

Government Help

Morrill Land Grant Acts- created agricultural colleges to educate farmers.

Able to farm the dry, tough plains; became “breadbasket” of US