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Psych 155b: Human Adjustment & Maladjustment. Dr. Kimberley Clow SSC 6421 kclow2@uwo.ca http://instruct.uwo.ca/psychology/155b/. Read Your Course Outline!. Can’t have antirequisites Psych 150, 251E, 253E, 257E, 350F/G Textbook

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psych 155b human adjustment maladjustment

Psych 155b: Human Adjustment & Maladjustment

Dr. Kimberley Clow

SSC 6421

kclow2@uwo.ca

http://instruct.uwo.ca/psychology/155b/

read your course outline
Read Your Course Outline!
  • Can’t have antirequisites
    • Psych 150, 251E, 253E, 257E, 350F/G
  • Textbook
    • Sue, Sue, & Sue (2003). Understanding Abnormal Behaviour. 7th Edition
  • TA – Jennie Ward
    • Contact Jennie to go over exams
      • jward9@uwo.ca
evaluation
Evaluation
  • 3 exams
    • Test1 and Test2
      • 30% each; Non-Cumulative
    • Final Exam
      • 40%; Cumulative
  • 4 Grading options
    • Test1 30%; Test2 30%; Final 40%
    • No Test1; Test2 30%; Final 70%
    • Test1 30%; no Test2; Final 70%
    • No Test1; no Test2; Final 100%
  • Your grade is calculated in all 4 ways and I take the option that works BEST for you
lecture overheads
Lecture Overheads

http://instruct.uwo.ca/psychology/155b/

  • Lecture overheads are available on the class website BEFORE class
    • Print them out and bring them to class
    • Spend class time TAKING NOTES on the details I talk about that aren’t in the overheads
    • The overheads are not a replacement for coming to class
      • Just using the overheads is not sufficient preparation for exams
      • They are tools to help you take BETTER notes; not a replacement for note taking
abnormal psychology
Abnormal Psychology
  • The scientific study of abnormal behaviour, with the objective to
    • Describe
    • Explain
    • Predict
    • Control
  • So what are abnormal behaviours?
myths of abnormal behaviour
Myths of Abnormal Behaviour
  • The following are common myths about those suffering from mental illness:
    • Easily recognized as deviant
    • Disorder due to inheritance
    • Incurable
    • Weak willed
    • Never contribute to society
    • Always dangerous
what is abnormal behaviour
What is Abnormal Behaviour?
  • Abnormal behaviour departs from some norm and harms the affected individual or others
    • Conceptual Definitions
    • Practical Definitions
    • Surgeon General & DSM-IV Definitions
conceptual definitions
Conceptual Definitions
  • Statistical Deviation
  • Deviations from Ideal Mental Health
  • Multicultural Perspectives
    • Cultural Universality
    • Cultural Relativism
practical definitions
Practical Definitions
  • The 4 ‘D’s
    • Discomfort
    • Deviance
    • Dysfunction
    • Danger
surgeon general dsm iv
Surgeon General & DSM-IV
  • “A clinically significant behavioural or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress (e.g., a painful symptom) or disability (i.e., impairment in one or more important areas of functioning) or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom”
history
History
  • Ancient Beliefs
    • Demonology
    • Exorcism
    • Trephining
  • Naturalistic Explanations
    • Hippocrates
    • Four Humours
  • Return to the Supernatural
    • Mass Madness
      • Tarantism
    • Witchcraft
reforms
Reforms
  • Humanism
    • People are sick; not possessed
    • Need to be treated with dignity
  • Reform Movements
    • Moral Treatment
      • Shift from prison to hospital
  • Biological View
    • Organic explanation for abnormal behaviour
    • Drug revolution
psychology student syndrome
Psychology Student Syndrome
  • Many psych students find that the various disorders apply to them
    • Abnormal behaviour is not qualitatively different from “normal” behaviour
    • Many of us will exhibit similar symptoms
    • Behaviours are only problematic when they harm or interfere with your daily functioning
    • Diagnosing friends and romantic partners may lead to conflict
mental health professions
Mental Health Professions
  • Who studies abnormal behaviour?
    • Clinical Psychologist
      • Ph.D. and internship
    • Psychiatrist
      • M.D. and internship
    • School Psychologist
      • M.A. or Ph.D.
    • Social Worker
      • M.S.W.
diversity multiculturalism
Diversity & Multiculturalism
  • Social Conditioning
    • e.g., gender stereotypes
  • Cultural Values
    • Interpret complaints with culture in mind
  • Sociopolitical Influences
    • Different experiences affect what is abnormal
  • Bias in diagnosis
diagnosing abnormal behaviour
Diagnosing Abnormal Behaviour
  • Multiaxial approach
    • Clinical disorders
    • Personality disorders
    • General medical conditions
    • Psychosocial & environmental problems
    • Level of current functioning
an example of classification
An Example of Classification
  • Mark
    • Axis I: Clinical Disorder
      • Alcohol Abuse
    • Axis II: Personality Disorder
      • Paranoid
    • Axis III: General Medical Condition
      • Cirrhosis
    • Axis IV: Psychosocial & Environmental Problems
      • Problems with primary support group (divorce)
      • Occupational problems
    • Axis V: Level of Current Functioning
      • 54 (moderate difficulty in social & occupation functioning)
issues of classification
Helps

To making treatment decisions

To communicate among clinicians

Research

advancing knowledge of disorders

diagnosis as a first step to understanding mechanisms and developing treatments

Hinders

By stigmatizing patients

Because different labels can mean different things to different people

By biasing how we see the patient

By focusing on one point in the patient’s development

Patient may outgrow the label

Issues of Classification
assessment
Assessment
  • Observation
  • Self-Report Inventories
  • Biological Measures
    • Psychophysiological Measures
    • Neuroimaging Techniques
  • Projective Tests
    • Rorschach Ink Blots
    • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
scoring
Scoring
  • Look at the following factors
    • Location
    • Determinants
    • Popularity of response
    • Content
    • Form
  • Generate hypotheses based on patterns of responses, recurrent themes, and interrelationships among scoring categories
interpretation
Interpretation
  • Murray’s concepts
    • Need
    • Press
    • Thema
  • Basic Assumptions
    • Person is identifying with the protagonist in the story
      • They are projecting their personality onto the protagonist