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The Constitution: Structure. Basic Outline. Preamble- The statement or purpose of the Constitution Seven articles or divisions Set up and governmental functions Twenty seven amendments or changes Bill of Rights – First 10 Amendments. Article I. Legislative Branch

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Presentation Transcript
basic outline
Basic Outline
  • Preamble-
    • The statement or purpose of the Constitution
  • Seven articles or divisions
    • Set up and governmental functions
  • Twenty seven amendments or changes
    • Bill of Rights – First 10 Amendments
article i
Article I
  • Legislative Branch
    • Establishes a two house legislature
    • The House of Representatives
      • Qualifications
      • 1) Must be at least 25 years old
      • 2) Be a U.S. resident for 7 years
      • 3) Live in the state they represent
article i1
Article I
  • Legislative Branch
    • Senate
      • Qualifications
      • 1) 30 years old
      • 2) Citizen for 9 years
      • 3) Live in the state that they represent
      • What is the VP’s role?
        • Tie breaker in the Senate
      • Impeachment
    • Procedures
    • Powers- List what they can and cannot do (Congress)
    • Powers denied to states
article ii
Article II
  • Executive Department
    • Establishes a presidency with a term of 4 years
    • Qualifications
      • 1) Be a natural born citizen
      • 2) Be at least 35
      • 3) Be a U.S. resident for 14 years.
article ii1
Article II
  • Oath
  • Powers and Duties
    • Military, treaties, etc.
  • State of the Union
  • What is the president’s salary and when was it last changed?
    • 400,000 in 1992
article iii
Article III
  • Judicial Department
    • Supreme court
    • Congress has the power to create other courts
    • Jurisdiction – a legal body that deals with and makes judgments on legal matters and, administers justice within a defined area of responsibility
    • Treason –
      • Serious acts of betrayal of one’s sovereign or nation.
remaining articles
Remaining Articles
  • Article IV- Relations among the states
    • Full faith and credit
    • Extradition
  • Article V- Amendment
    • Spells out the way that the Constitution can be amended
  • Article VI- National debt, oath, Supremacy Clause
    • Supremacy Clause: Federal law trumps state law.
  • Article VII- Ratification
    • Declares that the Constitution would take effect after it was ratified by nine states.