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READING SKILLS. 道外区教师进修学校 姜棘轩. What is a Reading Skill. Any aspect of the process of reading that learners need to master in order to become effective and efficient readers. Why Teach Reading as a Collection of Skills?. “ Reading in a foreign language: a reading problem

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READING SKILLS


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    1. READING SKILLS 道外区教师进修学校 姜棘轩

    2. What is a Reading Skill • Any aspect of the process of reading that learners need to master in order to become effective and efficient readers

    3. Why Teach Reading as a Collection of Skills? • “Reading in a foreign language: a reading problem or a language problem?”

    4. Reading skills may not be the same in all languages • Learners might not have developed/be aware of good reading skills in their own language • Learners need practice in transferring reading skills to another language • Achievable goals --takes away the fear/mystery

    5. How Should we Promote Reading Skills • Focus on teaching not testing • Explain the purpose of the skill • Choose texts that interest the students • Match text to students’ level and the task set • Build up text/task differently slowly

    6. Different types of reading skills • Skimming • Scanning

    7. A List of Reading Skill • Skimming • Scanning • Predicting • Interpreting • Evaluating • Identifying main ideas • Perceiving cohesion and syntactic structure • Careful reading (for detail) • Strategies for tackling unfamiliar words

    8. Skimming and Scanning • Moves focus away from careful reading • Helps learners feel less threatened by unknown vocabulary • Helps learners feel less threatened by longer texts • Most learners are probably familiar with skimming and scanning in their own language • Increases the range of texts that learners can be exposed to

    9. SKIMMING • A quick look through a text in order to get a general idea of what it is about

    10. Teaching Skimming • Move on to text level 1) Guess the content of a text from the first and last paragraphs 2) Skeleton texts • Begin at paragraph level 1) Underline the main idea 2) Choose from a selection of headings(main ideas) 3) Write your own heading for a paragraph

    11. Everyday skimming • For example: --newspapers --magazines --emails --the internet --choosing books

    12. SCANNING • A quick look through a text in order to find specific information.

    13. ‘Real life’ Scanning • TV Guide You can’t get Channel 4 He refuses to watch ITV You’re recording somehting yourself between 1pm and 3pm • Telephone directory • Newspapers • Catelogues • Scanning races

    14. Scanning and Skimming(查读与略读) • Can scan titles or diagrams for specific information 能通过查读标题或图表获取信息 • Can scan particular signs (such as $, %, ) for specific information 能通过查读特殊符号获取具体信息。 • Can skim the text to know what it is about 能通过略读文章了解主要内容。 • Can skim the topic sentence to have a general understanding of the paragraph. 能通过略读主题句了解大意。 • Can skim the text for key words  能通过略读文章抓住关键词

    15. Predicting预测 • Can use titles or subtitles to predict the content 能利用标题或副标题预测语篇内容 • Can make a judgment by prediction 能通过预测做出判断 • Can predict by signals of the language 能利用提示词做出预测 • Can predict by common knowledge 能运用常识做出预测 • Can predict the outcome of an article 能预测文章结局

    16. Guessing the Meanings of Unfamiliar Words 猜测生词 • Can use information after in other words能利用in other words之后的信息 • Can use information after for example and such as能利用for example 或such as之后的信息 • Can use information after other or before and other能利用other 之后或and other之前的信息 • Can use information after or before the colon能利用or 之后或before之前的信息 • Can use information in parentheses 能利用括号内的信息。

    17. Identifying the Main Idea 识别篇章的中心意思 • Can identify the topic of paragraph 能识别段落主题 • Can identify the main idea of a paragraph 能识别段落大意 • Can identify the main idea of the entire text 能识别文章主旨 • Can draw a conclusion 能做出结论 • Can make sound judgments 能做出有理有据的判断

    18. Identifying Facts 辨认事实 • Can Identify plain facts 能辨别简单事实 • Can identify supporting details 能辨别事实的细节 • Can identify facts versus opinions 能识别事实与观点 • Can make inference by all related facts 能根据相关事实做出推断 • Can identify implied facts 能识别隐含事实

    19. Recognizing the Cohesion and Coherence of an Article • Can recognize indicators in discourse 能识别语篇中的指代关系 • Can identify cause and effect 能分辨因果关系 • Can understand comparison and contrast 能理解比较于对比的语句 • Can understand context clues 能理解语境线索 • Can identify words with multiple meanings 能分辨多义词的特定含义

    20. Identifying Facts 辨认事实 • Can identify plain facts 能识别简单事实 • Can identify supporting details 能识别事实的细节 • Can identify fact versus opinion 能识别事实与观点 • Can make inference by all related facts 能根据相关事实做出推断 • Can identify implied facts 能识别隐含事实

    21. Guessing the Meanings of Unfamiliar Words 猜测生词 • Can understand pictures or diagrams 能理解图片或图表 • Can use information after a dash 能利用破折号之后的信息 • Can use information after a comma 能力用逗号之后的信息 • Can use information after or能利用or 之后的信息 • Can use information after i.e, that is, and namely能利用i.e.,that is, namely之后的信息

    22. Finding the Sequence 寻找顺序线索 • Can find the sequence according to the logical order 能识别逻辑顺序 • Can recognize the ordinal markers when identifying the writing sequence 能识别有关先后顺序的提示词 • Can find the sequence according to the spatial order 能识别空间顺序 • Can find the sequence according to the time order 能识别时间顺序 • Can find the sequence of how to make things 能识别事物的制作程

    23. Finding the main idea 识别篇章的中心意思 • Can identify the topic of a paragraph 能识别段落主题 • Can identify the main idea of a paragraph 能识别段落大意 • Can identify the main idea of the entire text 能识别文章的旨 • Can draw a conclusion 能做出结论 • Can make sound judgments 能做出有理有据的判断

    24. Good-bye