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Chapter 4: Terminology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Walajtys. Chapter 4: Terminology. Base component of a term Can identify which part of the body a term relates to Ex: card = heart hemat = blood neur = nerve pneum = lung. Root Words . Modifying component located at the BEGINNING of a word ex: xero = dry skin dipl = double

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root words

Base component of a term

  • Can identify which part of the body a term relates to
  • Ex: card = heart
  • hemat = blood
  • neur = nerve
  • pneum = lung
Root Words
prefix

Modifying component located at the BEGINNING of a word

  • ex: xero = dry skin
  • dipl = double
  • sud = under
Prefix
suffix

Modifying component of a term located at the END of a word

  • Ex: derma = skin
  • opia = vision
  • lingu = tongue
Suffix
combining vowels cv

Completes the connection of the different word parts (prefixes and suffixes)

Ex:

pneum (lung) + thorax (chest) CV = O

pneum(o)thorax = pneunothorax

Cardio+my+(o)+pathy =

Cardiomyopathy

Combining Vowels ( CV )
common cardiovascular terms

Hypertension Erythrocyte

  • Thrombosis Leukocyte
  • Phlebitis Systolic
  • Arteriosclerosis Diastolic
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Myocardial
  • Tachycardia
  • Venous
Common Cardiovascular Terms
common endocrine terms

Endocrine

Hyperlipidemia

Hypothyroidism

Somatic

Hyperglycemia

Common Endocrine Terms
common gi terms

Anorexia

  • Aphagia
  • Appendicitis
  • Colitis
  • Diarrhea
  • Hepatitis
  • Hepatoma
  • Gastritis
  • Gastroenteritis
Common GI Terms
common integumentary terms

Dermatitis

  • Lactation
  • Mastectomy
  • Onychomycosis
  • Pachyderma
  • Subcutaneous
  • Transdermal
  • Keratosis
  • Epidermis
Common Integumentary Terms
common lymphatic terms

Adenopathy

  • Hematoma
  • Hemophilia
  • Lymphoid
  • Lymphoma
  • Leukemia
  • Splenectomy
  • Lymphocytes
Common Lymphatic Terms
common muscular system terms

Fibromyalgia

Chondromalacia

Myonecrosis

Myoplasty

Tendinitis

Common Muscular System Terms
common nervous system terms

Encephalitis

  • Neuralgia
  • Neuroma
  • Dementia
  • Cerebral Vascular
  • Meningitis
  • Hyperesthesia
  • Dysphasia
Common Nervous System Terms
common skeletal terms

Arthritis

  • Carpal
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteocarcinoma
  • Arthralgia
  • Craniomalacia
  • Rachitis
  • Periostitis
Common Skeletal Terms
common female reproductive system terms

Amenorrhea

  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Endometriosis
  • Gynecology
  • Mammogram
  • Mastitis
  • Salpingocyesis
  • Vaginitis
  • Dystocia
CommonFemale Reproductive System Terms
common male reproductive system terms

Aspermia

  • Prostatitis
  • Seminoma
  • Vasectomy
  • Balantis
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Androphobia
Common Male reproductive System Terms
common respiratory system terms

Apnea

  • Bronchitis
  • Dyspnea
  • Laryngitis
  • Paranasal
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary
  • Sinusitis
  • Pectoralgia
Common Respiratory System Terms
common urinary tract terms

Anuria

  • Cystitis
  • Nephritis
  • Polyuria
  • Uremia
  • Dysuria
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Albuminuria
Common Urinary Tract Terms
common hearing terms

Otalgia

  • Otorrhea
  • Paracusis
  • Tympanitis
  • Otorrhagia
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Myringotomy
  • Otomycosis
  • Acoustic
Common Hearing Terms
common sight terms

Blepharitis

  • Conjunctivitis
  • Retinitis
  • Amblyopia
  • Blepharoptosis
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Oculomycisis
  • Opthamology
Common Sight Terms
abbreviations

Estimated that over 10,000 abbreviations exist in medical practice

  • Possible to have more than one meaning, so remember to think IN CONTEXT (does this make sense??)
Abbreviations