Session 6Temperament TypesManagement 300Sections E&F Rick McPherson January 19, 2006
Agenda & Announcements • Agenda: • Temperament Sorter Results & Exercise • Announcements:
Temperament Sorter • Adopted from the Carl Jung Psychological Types (1920), and then measured by Isabel Myers (1956). The various tools are called: • Jung Psychological Types • Myers-Briggs Type Indicator • Keirsey-Bates Temperament Sorter • Paragon Learning Style Inventory (PLSI) • Results based on 48 to250 questionnaire • Temperaments are expressed as 4 Letters • E.g. ENTP or ISFJ – 16 different combinations or “styles” • There are no right or wrong answers • Information helps you: • Understand your Temperament • Understand Other’s Temperament BETTER RELATIONSHIPS, TEAMWORK & RESULTS Presentation Sources: Kiersey & Bates, Please Understand Me: Hirsch and Kummerow, Introduction to TYPE in Organizations; Humantrics Web Site
DO NOT PRE-JUDGE PEOPLE FROM TEMPERAMENT OR PERSONALITY TESTS!!!! USE THE INFORMATION TO OPEN DIALOGUE
Different Drums and Different Drummers • If I do not want what you want, please try not to tell me that my want is wrong. • Or if I believe other than you, at least pause before you correct my view. • Or if my emotion is less than yours, or more, given the same circumstances, try not to ask me to feel more strongly or weakly. • Or yet if I act, or fail to act, in the manner of your design for action, let me be. • I do not, for the moment at least, ask you to understand me. That will come only when you are willing to give up changing me into a copy of you. • I may be your spouse, your parent, your offsping, your friend, or your colleague. If you will allow me any of my own wants, or emotions, or beliefs, or actions, then you open yourself, so that some day these ways of mine might not seem so wrong, and might finally appear to you as right -- for me. To put up with me is the first step to understanding me. Not that you embrace my ways as right for you, but that you are no longer irritated or disappointed with me for my seeming waywardness. And in understanding me you might come to prize my differences from you, and, far from seeking to change me, preserve and even nurture those differences. David Kiersey and Marilyn Bates – Please Understand Me Character & Temperament Types
A Word about Types: • THERE REALLY IS NO “RIGHT” ANSWER • TYPES DO INDICATE “PERSONALITY PREFERENCES” OR INCLINATION, OR PARTIALITY TOWARDS….. • THEY OFTEN ARE CONSIDERED A “BASE” STYLE • IT IS POSSIBLE TO ADAPT OR MODIFY YOUR BEHAVIOR • GOOD EXAMPLE - INTROVERTS CAN BE FORCED EXTRAVERTS • AWARENESS OF TYPE IS BETTER THAN IGNORANCE • ALLOWS YOU TO UNDERSTAND HOW YOU MAY BE PERCEIVED • ALLOWS YOU TO UNDERSTAND HOW OTHERS MAY WORK BEST WITH YOU • CAN BE USED FOR WORK, PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS, LEARNING • HELPFUL IN INTERVIEWING, GROUP DYNAMICS, PROBLEM SOLVING,
4 Dimensions of Type Indicators • These are Not All or Nothing – • It is a Continuum Scale: 100%---50%---0---50%---100% Extrovert -E |<------|------0------|----->| Introvert - I Sensate – S |<------|------0------|----->| iNtuitive - N Feeler – F |<------|------0------|----->| Thinker - T Judger – J |<------|------0------|----->| Perceiver – P • In General, Your Type Will Stay the Same For Many Years • Depends on What You Use for the “Environment” • A “Significant Emotional Event” May Change Temperament • Aging May Change Temperament – Stages of Life
Temperament Types • E/I - defines the source and direction of energy expression for a person. The extrovert has a source and direction of energy expression mainly in the external world while the introvert has a source of energy mainly in the internal world. • S/N defines the method of information perception by a person. Sensing means that a person believes mainly information they receive directly from the external world. Intuitionmeans that a person believes mainly information they receive from the internal or imaginative world. • T/F - defines how the person processes information. Thinking means that a person makes a decision mainly through logic. Feeling means that, as a rule, they make a decision based on emotion. • J/P - The fourth criterion defines how a person implements the information he has processed. Judging means that a person organizes all life events and acts strictly according to their plans. Perceivingmeans that they are inclined to improvise and seek alternatives.
Types Descriptors ENERGY SOURCE I- INTROVERT • Internal/Interior • Keep thoughts In • Work with Ideas/Thoughts • Concentration • Think – Do – Think • Quite and Private space • One project – no interruptions • May be slower to Act E - EXTROVERT • External/exterior • Talk thoughts out • Involved with people, things • Interaction • Do- Think – Do • Variety of Tasks • Impatient • Likes Groups PERCEIVING (PERCEPTION) S – SENSING • Present Orientation • Real and Practical • Facts • Step by Step • Use Five Senses - Facts • Present Details First • Prefer Stability N- INTUITION • Future Possibilities • Could Be – Theoretical • Inspirations • Insight by insight • Sixth Sense – Hunch • Overview First • Prefer Change
Types Descriptors LIVING (ORIENTATION TO OUTSIDE WORLD)
Instructor’s Scores – 2 Environments • As an Instructor: ENFP (Diplomatic Integration) 100%---50%---0---50%---100% Extrovert -E |<---X-|------0------|------->| Introvert – I Sensate – S |<------|------0------|-X---->| iNtuitive - N Feeler – F |<----X|------0------|------->| Thinker - T Judger – J |<------|------0-X---|------->| Perceiver – P • As a Manager: ENTP (Strategic Analysis) 100%---50%---0---50%---100% Extrovert -E |<------|--X--0------|------->| Introvert - I Sensate – S |<------|------0------|----X->| iNtuitive - N Feeler – F |<------|------0------|--X--->| Thinker - T Judger – J |<------|------0------|---X-->| Perceiver – P • Why Different?: • Extrovert Higher with Instructing – Speaking and Doing • Intuitive Higher with Manager – More Future Role • *Instructor – Meets other Needs; Manager – Firm but Fair, Task Focus • *Perceiver stronger in Manager – More Flexibility Required
First 2 Characters: Middle 2 Characters: Quadrant Combinations – 3 Methods • Four Temperaments (what you got from website):
NT’s (Rationals) SJ’s (Guardians) NF’s – 1 (Idealists) SP’s – (Artisans) Temperament Teams
Exercise 1 • In your Class Project Teams • Identify each person’s Temperament Type in your Group • Create an “Inventory” of the Group and determine: • What Temperament Types are present in your group and which are most prevalent? • What Temperament Types are missing or have the least members? • Identify your group’s strengths and risks based on understanding your Temperament Type “Pros”, “Trouble” and “Needs” • Identify how you will manage any risks: • Missing Skills, Attributes or Strengths? • Team Cohesiveness • Prepare a 2 Minute Presentation for the Class
Exercise 2 • Groups Working Together: • Assemble in Type Groups – See Instructor • Identify How Your Type will Work with Other Type • Situation: Forming a Team to Work on Group Mini Project to Study The Ethical Issues Associated with the Enron Problems: 1) Prepare a Kick Off Speech that will Motivate the other Type to be enthusiastic about the Project. 2 minute Kick Off 2) Identify the key things you must do to keep the other Type of People Motivated 3) Identify the key concerns you would have in working with the other Type of People 4) Identify what you hope they will tell you they will be concentrating on to work better with your Type. 5) Identify what you don’t have to worry about.
Example – NT to Artisan • Hello Artesians: • Purpose: Investigating Enron Situation • Make a great team - Solid Information Combined with Understanding Complex and Organize Thoughts • Lots of Research – ideas on how to do it?(resourcefulness) • Make sure we get the right story? (factual) • How should we do this most effectively – divide up research? • Who should write the report vs. do research (NT’s probably should) • We Must to keep them interested: • Keep on Task, Willing to adapt to situation, Not waste time with theoretical discussions. • Key Concerns – • We should write the report – organization and logical • Make sure conclusions include both short and long term issues • How do we make sure they don’t underperform and not deliver their tasks by waiting too late or short cutting their tasks (e.g. research)? • I hope they…. • (Team NT gets to answer this) • We won’t have to worry about…being blunt with each other
What Element Of Group/Team Performance Are We Addressing? • Group Processes: • Roles – Task or Maintenance (but not Self Interest) • Norms – Behaviors by Individuals • Cohesiveness – Homogeneity, Participation, Competition, Success • Decision Making – How are Decisions Made? • Conflict Resolution – How are Conflicts Resolved?
Where Do You Go From Here? • Take this Back to your Project Teams and discuss it. • How will the team of different Types work together? • What Strengths are you missing that you need to overcome? • Get a Customized Report – • www.advisorteam.com/temperament_sorter • Options for Free or Various Reports • Other Websites – “Google”: Keirsey Temperament Sorter • Build Your Own Plan • What of My Types Has Hindered My Success • What modifications/Adaptations Do I need to Make in Working with Others? • Observe your other groups – ask yourself • What “Type” am I dealing with • Do I Need to change my approach to achieve success?
Next Tuesday (1/24) • Continue Temperament Type Discussion • Cannondale Video Case (link on website) • Mini-Project Subjects • Course Feedback Survey (Web Q)
Rational NTs RATIONAL NTs, being ABSTRACT in communicating and UTILITARIAN (ends justify the means) in implementing goals, can become highly skilled in STRATEGIC ANALYSIS. Thus their most practiced and developed intelligent operations tend to be marshalling and planning (NTJ organizing), or inventing and configuring (NTP engineering). And they would if they could be wizards in one of these forms of rational operation. They are proud of themselves in the degree they are competent in action, respect themselves in the degree they are autonomous, and feel confident of themselves in the degree they are strong willed. Ever in search of knowledge, this is the "Knowledge Seeking Personality" -- trusting in reason and hungering for achievement. They are usually pragmatic about the present, skeptical about the future, solipsistic about the past, and their preferred time and place are the interval and the intersection. Educationally they go for the sciences, avocationally for technology, and vocationally for systems work.
Idealist NFs IDEALIST NFs, being ABSTRACT in communicating and COOPERATIVE in implementing goals, can become highly skilled in DIPLOMATIC INTEGRATION. Thus their most practiced and developed intelligent operations are usually teaching and counseling (NFJ mentoring), or conferring and tutoring (NFP advocating). And they would if they could be sages in one of these forms of social development. The Idealist temperament have an instinct for interpersonal integration, learn ethics with ever increasing zeal, sometimes become diplomatic leaders, and often speak interpretively and metaphorically of the abstract world of their imagination. They are proud of themselves in the degree they are empathic in action, respect themselves in the degree they are benevolent, and feel confident of themselves in the degree they are authentic. Idealist types search for their unique identity, hunger for deep and meaningful relationships, wish for a little romance each day, trust their intuitive feelings implicitly, aspire for profundity. This is the "Identity Seeking Personality" -- credulous about the future, mystical about the past, and their preferred time and place are the future and the pathway. Educationally they go for the humanities, avocationally for ethics, and vocationally for personnel work.
Artisan SPs ARTISAN SPs, being CONCRETE in communicating and UTILITARIAN (ends justify the means) in implementing goals, can become highly skilled in TACTICAL VARIATION. Thus their most practiced and developed intelligent operations are usually promoting and operating (SPT expediting), or displaying and composing (SPF improvizing). And they would if they could be virtuosos of one of these forms artistic operation. Artisans are proud of themselves in the degree they are graceful in action, respect themselves in the degree they are daring, and feel confident of themselves in the degree they are adaptable. This is the "Sensation Seeking Personality" -- trusting in spontaniety and hungering for impact on others. They are usually hedonic about the present, optimistic about the future, cynical about the past, and their preferred time and place is the here and now. Educationally they go for arts and crafts, avocationally for techniques, and vocationally for operations work.
Guardian SJs GUARDIAN SJs, being CONCRETE in communicating and COOPERATIVE in implementing goals, can become highly skilled in LOGISTICS. Thus their most practiced and developed intelligent operations are often supervising and inspecting (SJT adminstering), or supplying and protecting (SJF conserving). And they would if they could be magistrates watching over these forms of social facilitation. They are proud of themselves in the degree they are reliable in action, respect themselves in the degree they do good deeds, and feel confident of themselves in the degree they are respectable. In search of security as they are the "Security Seeking Personality" -- trusting in legitimacy and hungering for membership. They are usually stoical about the present, pessimistic about the future, fatalistic about the past, and their preferred time and place is the past and the gateway. Educationally they go for commerce, avocationally for regulations, and vocationally for materiel work.