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Roma and equal Access to Education From segregation to integrated schooling. Brussels, 28-29 April 2006. www.gitanos.org. Content. The Fundación Secretariado Gitano (FSG) Spain’s Education System Education and the Roma Community in Spain. The Fundación Secretariado Gitano.

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Roma and equal Access to EducationFrom segregation to integrated schooling

Brussels, 28-29 April 2006

www.gitanos.org


Content l.jpg
Content

  • The Fundación Secretariado Gitano (FSG)

  • Spain’s Education System

  • Education and the Roma Community in Spain


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The Fundación Secretariado Gitano

  • Non-profit inter-cultural social organisation

  • Mission: the social advancement of the Roma community based on respect for cultural identity.

  • Activity:

    • Provision of services to the Roma community

    • Training, counselling, awareness-heightening


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The Fundación Secretariado Gitano

  • Direct beneficiaries of our actions (2005): 70,000

  • Work centres throughout Spain: 60


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The Fundación Secretariado Gitano

  • Workers: over 728 (2005)


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The Fundación Secretariado Gitano

  • International cooperation: 14 countries.


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Spain´s Education System

  • Integrated schooling.

  • Education: two types of teaching:

    • General Education: basic voluntary and compulsory Education.

    • Specialised Education: Artistic Education, Language Education, Education leading to the Sport Technician Certificate.

  • Adult Education: basic education for adults and vocational training.


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    Characteristics of Educational System

    • Integrated schooling

    • Compulsory Education: free of charge

    • Grants to defray student expenses: meals, transport, books, school material.

    • University scholarships.

    • Specific compensatory programmes(temporary measures)

    • Teacher´s training

    • Programmes targeting NGOs and other organisations.


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    UNIVERSITY

    Advanced Training Cycles

    BACHILLERATO

    Ages: 16-18

    Academic years: 2

    Intermediate Training Cycles

    EMPLOYMENT

    COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION

    (E.S.O)

    Ages: 12- 16.

    Professional Initiation Programs

    Age: 16

    * 2 academic years

    PRIMARY EDUCATION

    Ages: 6-11

    A.C.E.S*

    (Aulas de Compensación Educativa)

    Age: 15

    PRE-SCHOOL (INFANT EDUCATION)

    Ages: from 0 to 5


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    The Roma Community in Spain

    • Sedentary

    • Approximately: 650,000

    • 40% under the age of 16

    • 45% reside in the south of Spain (Andalusia)

    • Heterogeneity and diversity

    • Identity based on a common origin and tradition, shared beliefs, values, philosophy of life and a yearning to be recognised as Roma

    • Fewer than 30 years: access to housing local plans

    • High percentage characterised by deficiencies in areas: education, housing, health care, fostering of their culture and identity.


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    Education and the Roma Community

    • Level of schooling of Roma Community below that of other social groups.

    • Illiteracy: higher in the case of women.

    • Repercussions: fail to take advantage of opportunities.

    • Enrolment of Roma children: fruit of efforts. They are reaching levels of education superior to those of their parents.

    • Small group going to finish high school and university (250 at university).


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    Education and the Roma Community

    • Difficulties:

      • Irregular attendance

      • Problems in conforming to certain routines at school.

      • Come to class without necessary school material.

      • Relations between families and schools are insufficient.

      • Absenteism at the age of 12-13, especially the girls.


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    Education and the Roma Community

    • Causes:

      • A large number of families fails to give the same importance to schooling.

      • Expectations: “Knowing how to read and write is quite enough”.

      • Educational is basically the responsibility of the family.

      • They feel that the school will fail to teach their children Roma values.

      • The school represents a cultural majority and a type of society that makes it difficult for ethnic minorities.


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    Education and the Roma Community

    • Degree of educational mainstreaming of the Roma population in Spain (Nation-wide study 2000-2001)


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    200

    60.7 %

    175

    150

    125

    Number of students

    56.3 %

    100

    75

    39.3%

    50 %

    50

    43.7 %

    36.6

    50 %

    25

    63.4 %

    0

    1st

    2nd

    3rd

    4th

    119

    58

    31

    15

    men

    77

    45

    31

    26

    women

    Education and the Roma Community

    • Educational status of Roma students at Compulsory Secondary Education


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    Roma population and employment

    • A comparative study (FSG 2006)