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Millennium Development Goals. 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. halve the proportion of people living in extreme poverty between 1990 and 2015

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1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • halve the proportion of people living in extreme poverty between 1990 and 2015
  • halve the proportion of population below level of dietary energy consumption and halve the proportion of underweight children (under 2 years old)
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2. Achieve universal access to primary education

  • Achieve universal access to primary education by 2015
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3. Promote gender equity and empower women

  • eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005 and in all levels of education no later than 2015
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4. Reduce child mortality

  • reduce children under-five mortality rate by two-thirds by 2015
5 improve maternal health
5. Improve maternal health
  • reduce maternal mortality rate by three quarters by 2015 (half by 2000, half by 2015)
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6. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases

  • increase access to reproductive health services to 60 percent by 2005, 80 per cent by 2010 and 100 percent by 2015.
  • Halt and reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015.
  • Have halved by 2015, and began to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
7 ensure environmental sustainability
7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability
  • Implement national strategies for sustainable development by 2005, to reverse loss of environmental resources by 2015
  • By 2020. to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
  • Halve the proportion of people with no access to safe drinking water or those who cannot afford it by 2015.
  • Halve the proportion of people with no access to safe drinking water or those who cannot afford it by 2015
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8. Develop a global partnership for development

  • Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable non-discriminatory trading and financial system, include a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction-both nationally and internationally.
building capacities of communities to cope with globalization

“BUILDING CAPACITIES OF COMMUNITIES TO COPE WITH GLOBALIZATION”

A Philippine Capacity 2015 Proposal

9 August 2004

Sulo Hotel, Quezon City

background
BACKGROUND

According to the recent UN Common Country Assessment:

* The poverty situation continues to be serious.

* The country’s environment & natural resources on w/c 2/3 of the population depend, continue to be degraded.

* Globalization is providing both opportunities & risks.

background con t
Background con’t…

* Globalization has ushered a new context & connectivity among actors & activities.

* SMEs,comprising 99% of enterprises &

providing 76% of labor force has been

recognized as a “potent force in the war against poverty”.

* However, they only currently contribute 33% to total economic output because of:

background con t13
Background con’t…

a.) limited access to credit.

b.) underdeveloped sources of raw materials.

c.) limited access to modernizing technology.

d.) lack or low level of market information.

* SMEs’ unsustainable practices not only

undermine their productivity, but also result in

damage to the environment & adverse social

impacts.

background con t14
Background con’t…

* The optimal functioning of SMEs is dependent

on a conducive policy environment, proper

provision of delivery of basic services &

presence of critical infrastructure.

* LGUs, through good governance, facilitate the

provision of the above.

* As a capacity building agent and repository of

technical information & knowledge, the Academe provides the manpower & technical

assistance direly needed by SMEs.

the proposal
THE PROPOSAL

Objective:

Strengthen key factors that catalyze the

sustainable development of communities e.g.

partnerships among and capacities of the key

actors at the local level-SMEs,LGUs & the

Academe.

why smes
WHY SMEs

*Free enterprises are the drivers of economic

growth.

* Wealth creation by local SMEs simultaneously

address wealth & disparity issues.

* SMEs empower local people through control &

ownership of & benefits from productive dev’t., as well as, facilitate a high degree of participatory dev’t.

* SMEs w/c are locally initiated & managed are more

likely to be socially acceptable & culturally valid.

slide17
* Negative environmental impacts are more

immediately felt & corrected at local levels.

* Facilitating investment flows to local areas

moderate the centrifugal flow of natural, financial & human resources to centers.

* With ICT, technical &market information are easier to provide to local SMEs.

the proposed methodology
The Proposed Methodology

Preparatory Assistance(PA) to undertake extensive consultations among stakeholders, experts and other interested parties to determine the elements, scope and methodology for the full blown project.

slide19
* PA to generate criteria to determine

candidate sites & their rapid assess-

ment in terms of conditions,gover-

nance structures & inter-actions.

* PA to catalyze mechanism building&

strengthening of linkages among

prospective partners.

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PA to result in development

of a

Project Document (ProDoc)

proposed pa activities
Proposed PA Activities

Activity 1: Project scope determination &

formulation of site selection

criteria.

Activity 2: Data gathering site selection.

Activity 3: Needs assessment for capacity

building of critical stakeholders.

Activity 4: Mechanism building/

strengthening

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Activity 5: Develop Project Document

Activity 6: Foster partnerships/networks.

proposed duration
Proposed Duration

Nine (9) months from start of PA