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INDUSTRIAL PROCESS SECTOR Hands on Training Workshop of the CGE on NGGI for NAI Parties to the UNFCCC, Africa Region Pretoria, South Africa 18-22 September 2006. Gambia Amie Jarra Department of water Resources. Gambia. Geography, Climate and Demography Area: Total: 11,300 sq Km

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gambia amie jarra department of water resources
INDUSTRIAL PROCESS SECTOR Hands on Training Workshop of the CGE on NGGI for NAI Parties to the UNFCCC, Africa RegionPretoria, South Africa18-22 September 2006

Gambia

Amie Jarra

Department of water Resources

gambia
Gambia

Geography, Climate and Demography

  • Area: Total: 11,300 sq Km

Land: 10,000 sq km

Water: 1300 sq Km

  • Climate: Tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November)

Cooer, dry season (November to May)

  • Population: 1.5 (July 2005 est.)
gambia4
Gambia
  • Density of 130 persons per square kilometre, placing it among the five most densely populated countries in Africa (UNDP, 2000)
  • Population growth rate is estimated at 4.2%
  • Average annual rainfall ranges from 850 mm to 1,200 mm
gambia5
Gambia
  • Average temperatures range from 18 to 33º C
  • Relative humidity is about 68% along the coast and 41% inland during the dry season and generally about 77% throughout the country during the wet season.
industrial process
Industrial Process
  • This Inventory is for 1993 because more data are available in 1993 than any other year
  • The industrial sector in The Gambia is underdeveloped
  • Banjul Breweries produces beer, malt and mineral water
industrial process7
Industrial Process
  • Various cottage industries exist and these process and produce food on a relatively small scale
  • Only emissions from beverage and food production are assessed for the Industrial Processes category
  • During these processes Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds (NMVOC) are released
methodology
Methodology
  • All emissions factors used are default figures from the 1996 Revised IPCC Guidelines
results
Results

Emissions of NMVOC from alcohol beverage production

  • In 1993 Banjul Breweries produced about 120.5 million litres of Julbrew Lager, about 48 million litres of Guinness and about 50 million litres of malt drink
  • quantities of beverages resulted to emissions of about 422 kg of NMVOC for Julbrew lager, 168 kg of NMVOC for Guinness and 174 kg of NMVOC for the malt drink.
results11
Results
  • Thus, in 1993, a total of 764 kg of NMVOC were produced due to production of beverages at Banjul Breweries

Emissions of NMVOC from bread and other food production

  • Production of bread and other foods resulted to emissions of 112 kg NMVOC

Bread production- 92.5%

Production of animal feed- 4.9%

Fish processing produce-2.1%

Meat , poultry & production of cakes has a combined emission of about 0.5%.

constraints
Constraints
  • Asphalt roofing, road paving with asphalt, and concrete plumise stone production are conducted but data is lacking and documentation is inadequate for use in the development of a credible national inventory
constraints14
Constraints
  • Consumption of halocarbons used in refrigeration assembly, operation and disposal could not be quantified due to inadequate labeling, documentation and age of the equipment that enter the country
  • Similarly, data on foam blowing, fire extinguishers, solvents, aerosols and propellants, and equipment containing halocarbons are not readily available
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Category 3: Solvent and Other Product Use has not been reported on because the methodology for this category is still being developed
  • Presently, only the Alcohol Beverage and Food Production sub-modules of the industrial sector of The Gambia can be assessed
conclusions16
Conclusions
  • An attempt was made to collect data on other sub-modules but this ended up being a useless exercise for this Inventory development process
  • Data on all other sub-modules are not readily available
  • Data have not been properly recorded or not recorded at all. Some of the equipment are so old that labels have faded or non-existent
conclusions17
Conclusions
  • The Industrial Processes category is likely to be a big emitter because most of the equipment used is obsolete
  • These include used refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, and compressor units that are leaking even at the time of importation
recommendations
Recommendations
  • That a complete data gathering and collection study should be conducted for the Industrial Processes category in The Gambia
  • Since this is the first time this category is being assessed in The Gambia, historical data needs to be assembled in the data bank
  • Based on the collected data, it will be possible to extrapolate emissions for past years
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