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Civil Engineering. 1. Structures. About 8 Different Subsets. 2. Water Resources. 3. Transportation (includes Traffic). 4. Urban Planning. 5. Environmental Engineering. 6. Surveying (Geomatics). 7. Construction. 8. Geotechnical (Soils). Structural Engineering.

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civil engineering
Civil Engineering
  • 1. Structures
  • About 8 Different Subsets
  • 2. Water Resources
  • 3. Transportation (includes Traffic)
  • 4. Urban Planning
  • 5. Environmental Engineering
  • 6. Surveying (Geomatics)
  • 7. Construction
  • 8. Geotechnical (Soils)
structural engineering
Structural Engineering

Structural materials include...

1. Steel

2. Reinforced concrete

3. Masonry (brick)

4. Wood

Structural Engineers design:






Power plants

Retaining walls

California Structural Engrs must design for seismic forces

Structural Engrs often work w/ Architects and Contractors

water resources
Water Resources

Large Scale Projects include...




California aqueduct, Central Valley

Hydroelectric Projects

Flood Control

Smaller scale projects include

Pipeline and valve design

Water wells

Water treatment

Pumping systems

Glen Canyon Dam, Page, Arizona


Concerned with:

Safe and efficient movement of both people and goods

Projects include:

Harbors and Ports

Highways, Streets, Roads


Mass Transit Systems


Traffic Engineering: Light timing, traffic flow

urban planning
Urban Planning

Most Urban Planners do not have Civil Engineering backgrounds

Most Urban Planning projects involve Civil Engineering projects: Buildings, roads, bridges

Urban Planning Projects include…

Housing density

Greenspace (parks) planning

Traffic flow

World Trade Center Design Finalists

Roundabout, Santa Barbara

environmental engineering
Environmental Engineering

Has evolved into its own separate branch of engineering at many universitiesHSU: Environmental Resources Engineering

Occasionally grouped with Mechanical Engineering, more commonly associated with Civil Engineering

Responsible for controlling, preventing, and eliminating air, water, and land pollution

Projects might include:


Waste water treatment

Sewage treatment

California’s MTBE dilemma (Methyl-Tertiary-Butyl-Ether)

Air quality control

surveying geomatics
Surveying (Geomatics)

At one time, Land Surveying was a required course for all engineering majors; Today, it is an elective for Civil Engrs

Responsible for ‘mapping out’ construction sites, locating existing landmarks, establishing boundary lines between properties.

Equipment includes theodolites, transits, levels, Philadelphia rods, surveyor’s chains.

Projects might include:

Construction staking

Constructing topographic maps

Photogrammetry & aerial photography



Usually responsible for construction projects from start to finish, including:

Estimating construction costs

Determining equipment and personnel needs

Supervising construction

A typical construction project may involve…

Architects (often head the project)

Civil Engineers, including Structural & Construction

Electrical Engineers

Mechanical Engineers

Contractors: (Responsible for actual construction)


Landscape Architects


Geotechnical Engineering

Also known as Soils Engineering, involved in:

Foundation design

Retaining Walls

Landslide abatement


Soil Testing

Coordination with Structural Engineers in large building construction