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Alcohol: Effects on the Body and Behavior. Sherri Garcia Full Circle Advertising: A Look at Teen Alcohol Use and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome CDC’s 2005 Science Ambassador Program. Overview:. Definitions Statistics on teen drinking Short- and long-term effects of a lcohol

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alcohol effects on the body and behavior

Alcohol: Effects on the Body andBehavior

Sherri Garcia

Full Circle Advertising: A Look at Teen Alcohol Use and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

CDC’s 2005 Science Ambassador Program

overview
Overview:
  • Definitions
  • Statistics on teen drinking
  • Short- and long-term effects of

alcohol

  • Blood alcohol levels
  • Introduction to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
drinker definitions 1
“Drinker” Definitions(1)
  • Binge drinking: Four or more drinks for

a female and five or more drinks for a

male at one sitting

Click to see data on

binge drinking in your state

drinker definitions 2
“Drinker” Definitions(2)
  • Chronic drinking: Daily or almost

daily alcohol consumption

(60 drinks per month)

Click here to see data

on chronic drinking in your state

statistics on teen drinking 3
Statistics on Teen Drinking(3)
  • Monitoring the Future (MTF) reported

that in 2004, nearly one in five 8th

graders, more than one in three 10th

graders, and nearly one in two 12th

graders had a drink in the

past month.

teen statistics cont 4
Teen Statistics (cont.)(4)

From National Survey on Drug Use and

Health (2003):

  • 10.9 million users ages 12-20
  • 7.2 million “binge drinkers”
short term effects 5 6
Short-term Effects(5,6)
  • Slower reaction times/reflexes
  • Heavy sweating
  • Blurry vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Lowered reasoning ability
short term effects cont 5 6
Short-term Effects (cont.)(5,6)
  • Poor motor coordination
  • Slower heart rate/breathing rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Anxiety/restlessness
  • Lower inhibition
short term effects cont 5 61
Short-term Effects (cont.)(5,6)
  • Mental confusion
  • Memory loss
  • Coma
  • Death from respiratory arrest
long term effects 5 6
Long-term Effects(5,6)
  • Nervous system
  • Muscles
  • Lungs
  • Liver
long term effects cont 5 6
Long-term Effects (cont.)(5,6)
  • Sexual organs
  • Brain
  • Heart
  • Esophagus/stomach
blood alcohol level what s it all about 6
Blood Alcohol Level: What’s It All About?(6)

Blood alcohol level (BAL) depends on:

  • Weight
  • Amount of food and water in

stomach

  • Carbonated alcoholic beverages
  • Gender
blood alcohol level calculations 7
Blood Alcohol Level Calculations(7)

BAL = (150/body weight) x (%alcohol/50)

x (ounces consumed) x (0.025)

blood alcohol level example
Blood Alcohol Level Example
  • 175 pound man drinks four 12-ounce

cans of beer with 4% alcohol content

    • BAL = (150/175) x (4/50) x (48) x (0.025)
      • =.86 x .08 x 48 x .025
      • = .08%
blood alcohol levels so what 8
Blood Alcohol Levels: So What?(8)
  • BAL = 0.03 to 0.12 (Euphoria)
      • Self-confident/daring
      • Short attention span
      • Poor judgment
      • Fine motor skills impaired
blood alcohol levels 8
Blood Alcohol Levels(8)
  • BAL = 0.09 to 0.25 (Excitement)
      • Sleepy
      • Memory loss
      • Reaction time decreased
      • Uncoordinated/loss of balance
      • Blurry vision and impaired senses
blood alcohol levels 81
Blood Alcohol Levels(8)
  • BAL = 0.18 to 0.30 (Confusion)
      • Confused/dizzy
      • Highly emotional
      • Cannot see/slurred speech
      • Uncoordinated/sleepy
      • May not feel pain as easily
blood alcohol levels 82
Blood Alcohol Levels(8)
  • BAL = 0.25 to 0.40 (Stupor)
      • Can barely move at all
      • Cannot respond to stimuli
      • Cannot stand or walk
      • Vomiting
      • Lapse in and out of consciousness
blood alcohol levels 83
Blood Alcohol Levels(8)
  • BAL = 0.35 to 0.50 (Coma)
      • Unconscious
      • Reflexes depressed
      • Decreased body temperature
      • Decreased breathing rate
      • Decreased heart rate
      • Could die
blood alcohol levels 84
Blood Alcohol Levels(8)
  • BAL = Greater than 0.50 (Death)
      • Breathing stops
      • That says it all!
driving limits 6
Driving Limits(6)
  • Most states set the legal level of

intoxication at 0.08 to 0.10

drinking is a personal choice but who else is affected
Drinking is a Personal Choice but Who Else is Affected?
  • Friends and family
  • Strangers
  • Unborn babies –

Fetal alcohol syndrome

what is fetal alcohol syndrome
What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
  • When mother drinks, baby drinks
  • Alcohol disrupts brain development
  • Your turn to research!
looking back
Looking Back
  • Drinking has various definitions
    • Binge and Chronic
  • Drinking can have short- and long-term

effects

    • Slower reaction times
    • Memory loss
    • Nervous system/liver problems
looking back cont
Looking Back (cont.)
  • Blood alcohol levels are affected by

weight and gender

  • Drinking is a personal choice, but it

can affect those around you

works cited
Works Cited
  • 1. Understanding Alcohol - Glossary [online]. 2003. [cited 2005 Jul 13]. Available from URL:http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih3/alcohol/other/glossary.htm.
  • 2. Alcohol Use: Chronic Drinking [online]. 1992. [cited 2005 Jul 13]. Available from URL: http://www.indicators.ak.org/indicators/alcoholusechronic98F.htm
  • 3. Johnston LD, O'Malley PM, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE. Overall teen use continues gradual decline; but use of inhalants rises. Ann Arbor (MI): University of Michigan News and Information Services; December 21, 2004. Table 3. [cited 2005 Jul 7).Available from URL: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/data/04data.html#2004data-drugs.
  • 4. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Overview of Findings from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Rockville (MD): Office of Applied Studies; 2004. p. 14. [cited 7 July 2005].
works cited cont
Works Cited (cont.)
  • 5. Short-Term Effects of Alcohol . [cited 2005 July 22]. Available from URL: http://www.hsc.wvu.edu/som/cmed/alcohol/short-term.htm.
  • 6. Understanding Alcohol - Information about Alcohol. Teacher’s guide. [online]. [cited 20 June 2005]. Available from URL: http://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih3/alcohol/guide/info-alcohol.htm.
  • 7. Neuroscience for Kids - Alcohol. Alcohol [online]. [cited 2005 Jun 20]. Available from URL: http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/alco.html.
  • 8. HowStuffWorks. How Alcohol Works [online]. [cited 2005 Jun 20]. Available from URL: http://www.science.howstuffworks.com/alcohol5.htm.