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Daffodils • An event triggering a sudden feeling of cheerfulness and joy. • Wordsworth believed that every flower enjoys the air it breathes and things of nature can teach man. • Then he can see books in brooks, sermons in stones, and the wisdom of the sages if one can reciprocate with things of beauty. • They are created in simple language in rustic surroundings with humble people
William Wordsworth • Romantic poet author of Preface to Lyrical Ballads and the famous poems Tintern Abbey and Ode to Intimations of Immortality brought back to poetry the lilt of music and the magic of the sense of wonder in natural things. • He was inspired by the French revolution. • He finds infancy is like life in paradise and how ageing blunts the sensitivity of man to impulses from nature. • He appeared to have seen God in nature. In a rock, a tree, a river, a bird, or a wave in motion. • He was a great friend of S.T. Coleridge.
"Daffodils" (1804) I WANDER'D lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees,Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the Milky Way, They stretch'd in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay: Ten thousand saw I at a glance,Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. The waves beside them danced; but they Out-did the sparkling waves in glee: A poet could not but be gay, In such a jocund company: I gazed -- and gazed -- but little thoughtWhat wealth the show to me had brought: For oft, when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills,And dances with the daffodils. By William Wordsworth (1770-1850).
Exercise • What does the poet compare himself to? • What did he see all at once? • In the line beginning with continuous, daffodils are compared to --------- • What is the meaning of ten thousand in the context? • Tossing their heads in sprightly dance – means ----- • What seemed more joyous, the waves or the daffodils? • In line 18 what does wealth mean?
Details • Notice line 1, 7, 13. What is being compared to what? • Where does he see the daffodils? • How are they described in second stanza? • Why could the poet not but be gay? • When do the daffodils flash upon the poet’s inward eye? • How do the daffodils affect the poet?
Study • I WANDER'D lonely as a cloud • Continuous as the stars that shine In these lines there is a comparison. Such a comparison is called a simile
Activities • List the expressions used to describe the daffodils. • Check and confirm that the term dance is there in every stanza and what does it tell about the poet’s mood? • What term suggests innumerable in the poem
Analysis • William Wordsworth through anecdotes in sylvan surroundings creates a natural scene. • In this poem he celebrates the impulses of daffodils on him. • To William Wordsworth, nature was the visible manifestation of the invisible God. • The impact of the incident is recalled later in time • It is revived with intensity because of remembered feelings enriched by imagination
Solitude • For oft, when on my couch I lie • In vacant or in pensive mood, • They flash upon that inward eye • Which is the bliss of solitude; • And then my heart with pleasure fills,And dances with the daffodils.
SOPFRT S • Spontaneous • Overflow • Powerful • Feelings • Recollected in • Tranquility O P F R T
Assignment • Read the poems • To Daffodils • by Robert Herrick • Lotus • by Torudutt • Can you explain the line heard melodies are sweetbut those unheard are sweeter
Question & Answer
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