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Yom Kippur War. Role of the Soviet Union and USA. Caroline and Louise. The Cold War and Détente. Yom Kippur war occurred during Detente. The USA and USSR still provided arms to courtiers in the Middle East. Egypt and Syria supplied by USSR Israel supplied by USA

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yom kippur war

Yom Kippur War

Role of the Soviet Union and USA

Caroline and Louise

the cold war and d tente
The Cold War and Détente
  • Yom Kippur war occurred during Detente.
  • The USA and USSR still provided arms to courtiers in the Middle East.
  • Egypt and Syria supplied by USSR
  • Israel supplied by USA
  • Neither country was keen to cause a war in the area
role of the ussr
Role of the USSR
  • Provided arms for Syria, Egypt and Baathist regimes
  • Soviet official removed from Egypt
  • Claimed this was because of dispute over arms
  • Lulled Israel into a false sense of security.
  • Threatened to intervene during the cease fire
role of the usa
Role of the USA
  • Supplied Israel with military equipment: planes, tanks and ammunition.
  • Nasser’s successor Anwar Sadat: depended on USA to have UN 242 implemented to regain Suez
slide5

President Johnson had 5 goals, June 1967:

  • 1. the removal of threats against any nation in the region
  • 2. justice for the refugees, referring to the Palestinians
  • 3. Freedom of navigation, referring to the opening up of the Straits of Tiran
  • 4.End to the arms race with the USSR
  • 5. Respect for political independence and territorial integrity of all states in the area.
president nixon
President Nixon
  • -Nixon wanted to take focus off of Vietnam War
  • Jarring mission unsuccessful ,so Nixon wanted to deal with Middle East problem
  • -Golda Meir refused to compromise with Nixon
  • Roger’s Plan- Israelis disagreed with it, with AIPAC support they stated to ‘change the situation on the ground’.
aipac american israeli public affairs committee
AIPAC (American Israeli Public Affairs Committee)
  • AIPAC: donated money for Presidential campaigns
  • -made resources available to Presidential Candidates, based on their stance on Israel
  • Provided much needed aid to Israel
aftermath
Aftermath
  • US-Israel relations were stronger
  • Both US and USSR tried to build up air force of their client states policy supported by very powerful lobby,