Essential Question • What were the causes of the Civil War?
Expansion Leads to Conflict • Mexican Cession adds 5,000 square miles • Free states or slave states? • CA admitted as free state: imbalance • Compromise of 1850 • Organized New Mexico and Utah territories – popular sovereignty • Outlawed buying/selling of slaves in D.C. • Fugitive Slave Act • Federal Crime to help runaway slaves, allow for recapture
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 • Desire to link CA with rest of nation by railroad • Douglas wants Northern route • Proposes organizing territories into Kansas and Nebraska • Popular sovereignty states • To get Southern support – will ban Missouri Compromise line
Bleeding Kansas • Center of struggle over slavery • Pro-slavery v. Free-soilers • Pro-slavery forces attacked anti-slavery newspaper buildings and free-soil areas • Marais des Cygnes Massacre • John Brown Raid • Before granted statehood both sides brought in settlers, voter fraud • Eventually admitted as free state
Dred Scott Decision • Sued for family’s freedom • Lived in states where slavery was illegal • Supreme court ruled he was not a citizen and could not bring a case to court • Aroused public outrage, deepened sectional divide
Abraham Lincoln Becomes President • Lincoln family history • Lincoln favored idea of Congress banning slavery in new territories and capital • Compensated Emancipation in D.C. • Lincoln-Douglas Debates • Wins Presidency in 1860 w/ Northern votes
The South Secedes • After Lincoln’s election • Dec. 20, 1860: “The union now subsisting between South Carolina and other states under the name of the ‘United States of America’ is hereby dissolved.” • By Feb Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas seceded, N Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, Virginia threatens • The Confederate States of America • Jefferson Davis is president (Senator from Mississippi) • New Constitution allowing slavery