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ENG 360 Children’s Literature. Dr. Shirley Pauler House on Mango street. Kitten’s first Full Moon Caldecott Medal Winner. Setting: outdoors on a summer Night Character: Kitten. More Reviewer Comments…. (about Kitten’s Frist Full Moon. Henkes’ Books Title/Topic Match. Chester's Way

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eng 360 children s literature

ENG 360 Children’s Literature

Dr. Shirley Pauler

House on Mango street

kitten s first full moon caldecott medal winner
Kitten’s first Full MoonCaldecott Medal Winner
  • Setting: outdoors on a summer Night
  • Character: Kitten
more reviewer comments
More Reviewer Comments…
  • (about Kitten’s Frist Full Moon
henkes books title topic match
Henkes’ Books Title/Topic Match
  • Chester's Way
  • Lilly’s Purple Plastic Purse
  • Kitten’s First Full Moon
  • Sheila Rae, the Brave
  • Julius, the Baby of the World
  • Chrysanthemum
  • The effects of teasing
  • Accepting a new sibling
  • Making new friends
  • Asking for forgiveness
  • Overcoming sadness about moving
  • Bravery overcoming timidity
  • Pursuing a reward that only comes after the pursuit is abandoned
slide5
Plot
  • Expectations vary with age
    • Strict chronological order for young audience
    • Older: can follow “flashbacks”, more complex plots
  • Conflict draws reader in – engages the reader
  • Criteria:
    • Natural (believable)
    • Not predictable all the way through
good characterization
Good Characterization…
  • Invites identification
  • Shows weaknesses as well as strengths (believable)
  • Is interesting, unique – Ramona, not Nancy Drew- create a character that is one of a kind
  • Shows change over time (longer books) – Does not always happen in a picture story book.
setting 2 aspects
Setting (2 aspects)
  • Criteria:
    • Supportive of characters & plot
    • Accurate (if specific)
  • Contribution:
    • Creates mood
    • May be antagonist
    • Can provide historical background
    • May symbolize aspects of plot or character
    • Adds credibility to story
theme
Theme
  • Unifies plot, characterization, and setting
  • Sometimes stated by a character
  • Often value – laden
  • Criteria:
    • Worthwhile
    • Relevant to a child’s experience
writing style
Writing Style
  • Choice of words, their arrangement, kinds of sentences.
  • Use of figurative language, interesting sentence structures, reputation, rhythms to evoke mood.
  • Should trust reader to “fill in the gaps” (understatement)
point of view narrator
Point of View (Narrator)
  • First person (usually main character)
    • Lends an immediacy to the telling
    • Second Person
      • “You” to address the reader or a story character
      • May establish a conversational tone
      • 3rd person
        • Omniscient (can get into the head of all the major characters)
        • Limited omniscient
        • Criteria
          • Consistency
          • appropriateness
other story aspects
Other Story Aspects:
  • Tone – author’s attitude toward subject or audience
  • Mood – atmosphere of the story, feelings it evokes
traditional literature dewy 398
Traditional Literature…Dewy 398
  • Is a body of ancient stories & poems preserved & passed down by storytellers
  • Is attributed to entire groups of people or cultures
    • No identifiable author
    • Includes many types of stories
      • Most are fantasy, but some are realistic
      • Has common characteristic of the literary elements(plot, characters, setting, wiring style, themes…)
      • Functioned to pass on cultural values on through generations
slide13
Plot
  • In traditional tales, story…
    • Is shorter that in other genres
    • Quickly introduces conflict
    • Often has recurring actions
    • Has a quick resolution & ending
    • Storyteller used this element to hold attention of audience
characterization
characterization
  • Less developed that in any other genre
  • Uni-dimensional – just one major characteristic
    • Good characters: completely good
    • Bad characters: completely evil
    • Consider: what actions are rewarded?
setting time place
Setting (Time & Place)
  • Vague (In the beginning…) long ago in a land far away…)
    • May be “formulaic” (Once upon…)
    • Time the far distant past
    • Place: often symbolic: careful description not needed
    • As you read, consider
      • In picture storybooks, how is setting portrayed in illustrations? Who makes that decision?
      • In there anything in the setting that is symbolic?
        • Does it reflect the tension in the plot?
        • Does it symbolize the theme?
theme1
Theme
  • What is “theme”?
  • A universal truth or lesson to be learned
    • Reflects values of culture in time of story’s origin
    • Often involves moral issues
    • Consider
      • What character qualities and behaviors are rewarded… punished?
      • How do plot, characterization, and setting contribute to the theme?
style of language
Style of Language
  • Remember: stories all began as oral tales
    • Memory of storyteller is limited
    • Capacity of audience to remember is limited
    • Simple – only necessary description
    • Realistic conversation
    • Often enriched with repeating refrains
    • Some stories us dialect of tine/place (Uncle Remus Stories)
    • Motifs – recurring features such as the number three ( three little pigs, three Billy goats gruff
choosing evaluating trade lit
Choosing/evaluating trade lit
  • Dies it preserve the storytelling style?
  • Does it preserve the flavor of the culture or culture country of its oragin?
    • Use of colloquiaisms, unusual speech patterns, propper names common to the culture, a few foreigh terns
    • Do illustrations (if present) fit well with the tone of the text and portray the essence of the culture of origin? Are they well done?
    • Does the writing exemplify a rich literary style?
folktales
Folktales
  • A sub –category of traditional literature
    • found in every culture
    • Originated in lives/imaginations of people or “folk”
    • Children’s favorite type of traditional literature (from age 3 on)
  • Vary in content based on original intended audience
    • King’s court and mobility – tales of valor, heroism benevolence of ruling class (called castle tales)
    • Common people –ruling classes are portrayed as unjust or hard taskmasters (called cottage tales)
      • Riches were considered “fair game” for common folk who were clever or strong enough to acquire them.
depictions of ethnicity found in children s books
Depictions of Ethnicity Found in Children’s Books:
  • Culturally Neutral– Include children from cultural minorities, but book is about other topics Examples inched illustrated non-fiction books, with pictures showing cultural minorities
  • Culturally Generic – “What Mary Jo Shares” – focus on characters (main character or supporting character who represent a cultural minority, but contain few details that would help reader develop greater understanding on the characters culture
  • Culturally Specific – characters from minority culture are depicted in ways that include specific cultural details; cultural themes are present, and may even be the prevailing theme of the book
alphabet books
Alphabet Books
  • May be for any grade level, pre-school – grade 5 because
    • Not all are intended to teach alphabet