“Little old South Africa is kicking our butt with its development of the PBMR. This should be a wake up call for the US.” Syd Ball, Snr Researcher, Oak Ridge Laboratory, 11 June 2004 . Agenda. World Nuclear Industry Relative Radiation Exposure Relative Environmental Impact PBMR Plant Design
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Syd Ball, Snr Researcher, Oak Ridge Laboratory, 11 June 2004
(PBMR type design)
* In addition to existing nuclear plants
Figure adapted from Health Research Foundation, Kyoto, Japan with permission
(*would be 10x higher if accidents with less than 5 deaths included)
BALL D.S. et al. An Analysis of Electricity Generators Health Risks, Res. Rep. No. 20, WHO, Norwich (1994)
HIRSCHBERG S., et al., Severe Accidents in the Energy Sector, Paul Scherer Institute, Villigen (1996)
is 34% of total demand
but coastal generation
is only 6% of total capacity.
To be the preferred global provider of standardised nuclear energy systems, fuel and life-cycle support
To successfully build and commission a pilot fuel and a demonstration nuclear reactor by 2011.
To develop the business through the selling, building and commissioning of commercial nuclear power plants and fuel plants internationally
BE A TEAM
Pride in what we do and how we do it
Doing things right & doing the right things the “PBMR Way”
PBMR people and technology
A delivery mindset
Being and working as a team
The team is more than the individual
Cooperation, synergy, loyalty and commitment
Providing each other with the means and information we need
Identifying weaknesses and opportunities and teaching ourselves and others to fill needs
Promoting employment equity
Integer: a whole unit; Integrate: join to the whole; Integral: forming part of the whole – honesty; sincerity; consistency; soundness; challenging; inherent strength; respect for others, for safety and for the environment
As at May 2004
“Little old South Africa is kicking our butt with its development of the PBMR. This should be a wake up call for the US.” Syd Ball, Snr Researcher Oak Ridge Laboratory, 11 June 2004
“The long term future of reactors belongs to very high temperature reactors such as the PBMR.” Nials Diaz, Chairman of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission July 2004
“I think we made a mistake in halting the HTR programme.” Klaus Topfer, Germany’s former Minister of Nuclear Power and Environment. Davos, January 2003
“The PBMR technology could revolutionise how atomic energy is generated over the next several decades. It is one of the near-term technologies that could change the energy market.” Prof. Andrew Kadak, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Jan. 2002
“It will be impossible for the EU to deliver its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol without further investment in nuclear power.” EU Energy Commissioner Loyola de Palacio 29 Sept 2003
“We have no time to experiment with visionary energy sources; civilization is in imminent danger and has to use nuclear, the one safe, available energy source, now, or suffer the pain soon to be inflicted by our outraged planet." James Lovelock, creator of the Gaia hypothesis, Independent 24 May 2004.
"Areva is interested in assisting in the production of a prototype reactor and is negotiating an investment in South Africa's pebble bed modular reactor." -- France's Foreign Trade Minister, Francois Loos, in the Sunday Times Business Times, 22 May 2005
"The generation IV pebble-bed reactors being developed in China and South Africa get attention for their meltdown-proof designs. But it's their low capital cost and potential for fast, modular construction that could blow the game open, as surely as the PC did for computing. At $300 million a pop for safe, clean energy, watch the floodgates open around the world." -- Wired Magazine, Feb 2005
"More than 100 wind turbines are needed to replace a single pebble bed modular reactor. Other 'soft energy' sources have similar problems. They cannot replace the clean, safe, abundant, inexpensive power at South Africa's fingertips". -- Rod Adams, editor, Atomic Insights, US.
France added over 25,000MW of new nuclear plant within 10 years of deciding to “go nuclear” (1974-1984)
(Eskom current total capacity is ~36,000MW)