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Unit Nine. Grade Eight. 1. apt ( adj ) suitable, fitting, likely; quick to learn syn : appropriate, fit, proper , liable ant : inappropriate, unlikely , slow. 2. awry ( adj / adv ) in a turned or twisted position or direction; wrong, out of the right or hoped-for course

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unit nine

Unit Nine

Grade Eight


1. apt (adj) suitable, fitting, likely; quick to learn

  • syn: appropriate, fit, proper, liable
  • ant: inappropriate, unlikely, slow

2. awry (adj/adv) in a turned or twisted position or direction; wrong, out of the right or hoped-for course

  • syn: (adj) crooked, askew, amiss
  • ant: (adj) straight, symmetrical

3. bludgeon (n) a short club used as a weapon

  • (v) to strike with a heavy club; to use force or strong arguments to gain some point
  • syn: (n) cudgel (v) clobber, clout

4. capitulate (v) to end resistance, give up, surrender, throw in the towel

  • ant: hold out, persist

5. chafe (v) to warm by rubbing; to wear sore by rubbing; to feel annoyance or dissatisfaction, annoy, irk; to strain or press against

  • (n)a sore or injury caused by rubbing
  • syn: (v) irritate, scrape, abrade
  • ant: (v) soothe, mollify, please, elate

6. defile (v- trans.) to make unclean or dirty, destroy the purity of

  • (v-intrans.) to march in a single line or columns
  • (n) a narrow passage; gorge, canyon
  • syn: (v-trans.) pollute, contaminate, desecrate
  • ant: (v-trans.) cleanse, purify

7. dire (adj) dreadful, causing fear or suffering; warning of trouble to come; demanding immediate action to avoid disaster

  • syn: disastrous, ominous, sinister, urgent
  • ant: favorable, auspicious, beneficial

8. disarming (adj) charming, tending to get rid of unfriendliness or suspicion

  • syn: endearing, winning
  • ant: alarming, troubling, disquieting

9. disgruntled (adj-part.) in bad humor, discontented, annoyed

  • syn: displeased, grumpy, surly
  • ant: pleased, satisfied, content

10. encroach (v) to advance beyond the usual or proper limits; trespass

  • syn: intrude, infringe

11. endow (v) to furnish, equip, provide with funds or some other desirable thing or quality

  • syn: grant, bestow, present, bequeath
  • ant: take away, deprive

13. impunity (n) freedom from punishment

  • syn: exemption from penalty, immunity

15. penal (adj) having to do with punishment

  • syn: correctional, disciplinary

16. pertinent (adj) related to the matter at hand, to the point

  • syn: relevant, germane, apropos
  • ant: unrelated, irrelevant, immaterial

17. predominant (adj) the greatest in strength or power; most common

  • syn: chief, major, paramount, prevalent
  • ant: secondary, minor, subsidiary, rare

18. prodigy (n) something wonderful or marvelous; something monstrous or abnormal; an unusual feat; a child or young person with extraordinary ability or talent

  • syn: marvel, wonder, freak, genius
  • ant: dumbbell, dunce, dullard

19. recluse (n) a person who leads a life shut up or withdrawn from the world

  • syn: loner, hermit

20. renown (n) fame, glory

  • syn: reputation, celebrity, prestige
  • ant: obscurity, infamy, notoriety