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Unit Nine Text A Stop Brain Drain Topic Discussion What do you think of "Brain Drain"? 人才外流 给予优厚待遇 非移民签证 印度的精英们 家庭手工业 brain drain give preferential treatment non-immigrant visa the cream of India cottage industry Words and Phrases 刮刮叫 食宿 负担费用 怀着 … 希望 像 … 所说的那样

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unit nine

Unit Nine

Text A

Stop Brain Drain

slide2
Topic Discussion
  • What do you think of

"Brain Drain"?

words and phrases
人才外流

给予优厚待遇

非移民签证

印度的精英们

家庭手工业

brain drain

give preferential treatment

non-immigrant visa

the cream of India

cottage industry

Words and Phrases
slide4
刮刮叫

食宿

负担费用

怀着…希望

像…所说的那样

thumbs up

room and board

foot the bill

in the hope of NP/that-cl

as sb put it

slide5
给…留下空间

在接下来的20年中

归...付费, 在损害...

的情况下

硅谷

报效自己的祖国

leave room for

over the next two decades

at the expense of

Silicon Valley

serve one’s native land

slide6
变速, 改变方

书展

说得通

在因特网上冲浪

发财

中型城市

shift gears

book show

hold water

ride on the wave of the internet

make fortunes

mid-sized city

sentences
Sentences
  • 该国的优秀人才都流失了。
  • The country has been drained of its best men.
  • 瑞士有四个邻国,即法国、德国、奥地利和意大利。
  • Switzerland is surrounded by four neighbors, namely, France, Germany, Austria and Italy.
slide8
那位评论家对这部新影片赞不绝口。
  • The critic gave the new movie two thumbs up.
  • 我是抱着她在家的希望打电话的。
  • I called in the hope that she was at home.
slide9
他成了一名才华横溢的学者,但牺牲了健康。
  • He became a brilliant scholar but only at the expense of his health.
  • 新的住宅和办公楼群正在全市各处雨后春笋般地迅速增加。
  • New blocks of flats and offices are mushrooming all over the city.
slide10
我们必须确保跟上计算机技术的新发展。
  • We must make sure that we keep pace with new developments in computer technology.
  • 那倒是绝妙的解释,但经不起推敲。
  • It's a very good explanation, but it won't hold water.
brain title
brain drain

brain fever

brain trust

brainchild

n. 人才外流

n. 脑膜炎

n. 智囊团;专家小组

n. 脑力劳动的产物

brain (title)
slide12
brainpower

brainstorm

brainwash

brainwave

brainwork

n. 智力;脑力

v.群策群力 n.灵机一动

n. & v. 洗脑;把思想强加于

n. 灵感;妙主意

n. 脑力工作

drain n title
drain n. (title)
  • 1) [C] 排水管;排水道
  • 大雨之后,下水道里的水溢了出来。
  • The drains _____after the heavy rain.
  • overflowed
  • Don't pour those tea leaves down the drain - you'll block the sink.
  • 2) a gradual outflow or loss流出;消耗
  • the drain of young talent by emigration.
drain l65
drain (L65)
  • v. 1) [+away/+off/+out] (使液体)渐渐地排出
  • Boil the vegetables for 20 minutes then drain off the water.把水滤干
  • The rainwater drained off/away. 流掉
slide15
2) [+off/of] to (cause to) become gradually dry, as water or other liquid is removed 排去…的水
  • After I washed the plates, I left them to drain. 滴干
  • She was so afraid/angry that her face was drained of blood. 她吓得脸上没有一点血色。
preferential preferable l1
preferential/ preferable (L1)
  • preferable: [+to] better, esp. because more suitable; that one should or would prefer 更可取的, 更好的
  • A dark suit is preferable to a light one for evening wear.
  • Anything is preferable to having her stay for the whole week!
slide17
preferential: of, giving, receiving, or showing preference优先的;优待的;特惠的
  • The theatre gives preferential booking privileges to its regular patrons.
  • a controversial new law that gives preferential treatment to certain minority groups
translation
Translation
  • 我认为咖啡比茶更好。
  • Coffee is preferable to tea, I think.
namely l4
namely (L4)
  • adv (and) that is (to say) 即,就是,换句话说
  • Only one person can do the job, namely you.
  • There is one more topic to discuss, namely the question of your salary.
namely that is to say i e
namely/that is to say (i.e.)
  • Both terms can be used when you want to make clearer the meaning of something already said, but namely is the usual term before an expression which is more specific than what has already been said:
  • We visited two ancient cities, namely Nimes and Arles.
slide21
Before an expression which is less specific than what has already been said you can use only i.e.
  • We visited Nimes and Arles, i.e. two ancient cities.
slide22
Use i.e. before an explanation which forms a complete sentence:
  • Arabic is written in the opposite direction to English, i.e. it is written from right to left.
namely l423
namely (L4)

namely

  • 1. She has only one son, __________ , Harry.
  • 2. He was found innocent in the court, ____________ , the court could not convict him legally.

that is to say

on top l8
on top (L8)
  • Labor is on top in it’s contract discussions with management.
  • 在与姿方的劳务合同谈判中,劳方占有利地位。
provision l8
provision (L8)
  • 供应;补给物
  • Provisions are plentiful.
  • 粮食充足。准备;预备
  • to make provision for the future
  • 准备日后之需
slide26
规定;条款
  • 这个规定使我们对这个问题有了发言权。
  • This provision ensures to / for us a _______ in the subject.
  • voice
  • Both sides have to act according to the provisions of the agreement.
  • 双方都应按照协议条款办事。
give preference to
give preference to
  • 给……优先权
  • 我们将给儿童和老人优先权。
  • We’ll give preference to children and the aged.
slogan l13
slogan (L13)
  • n a short phrase expressing a usu. political or advertising message 口号, 标语
  • “Small is beautiful” was his slogan.
  • demonstrators chanting(歌颂) anti-nuclear slogans
the scream of india l13
the scream of India (L13)
  • cream: n. 比喻: the best part (of)
  • 今年的文学精品
  • the cream of this year’s literature
  • 参加婚礼的有纽约社交界的精英。
  • The wedding was attended by the cream of New York society.
  • the cream of the joke 笑话的妙处
ism l16
capitalism

Communism

confucianism

colonialism

consumerism

资本主义

共产主义

孔子学说, 儒教

殖民主义

用户至上主义

-ism →论, 说, 主义 (L16)
slide31
egoism

fascism

fatalism

feminism

heroism

自我主义, 利己主义

法西斯主义,

宿命论

女权运动

英雄主义

slide32
humanism

idealism

imperialism

Maoism

Marxism

人道主义

理想主义, 唯心论

帝国主义

毛泽东主义

马克思主义

slide33
materialism

patriotism

racism

realism

socialism

Taoism

唯物主义

爱国主义, 爱国精神

种族主义,种族歧视

现实主义

社会主义

道教, 道家的学说

throw out l18
throw out (L18)
  • 1. get rid of, throw away as trash/rubbish
  • You really should throw out that dirty old table and get a new one.
  • 2. refuse to accept, reject
  • 委员会拒绝了我的建议。
  • The committee threw out my suggestion.
idiom thumbs l18
all thumbs

count one's thumbs

stick out like a sore thumb

thumb a lift

笨拙的

消磨时间

惹人注目;碍手碍脚

要求搭车

idiom: thumbs(L18)
slide36
thumb (one’s) nose

Thumbs down!

Thumbs up!

under (one's) thumb

作蔑视的手势

差劲儿; 不中用!

刮刮叫, 别灰心!

受人支配; 受人压制

slide37
thumbs up: a sign of approval, support or victory
  • thumbs down: a sign of disapproval
  • 他们赞成/反对我们的计划。
  • They’ve given our plan the thumbs up/down.
slide38
thumb V.
  • 1. get a free ride by raising the thumb as a signal
  • 我们免费搭车去伦敦度周末。
  • We thumbed a lift to London for the weekend.
slide39
2. thumb through: look or search through quickly
  • 办事员翻遍了案卷,寻找一封信件。
  • The clerk thumbed through the files looking for a letter.
prime l21
prime (L21)
  • 1. main, greatest, the most important
  • 我们经济衰退的一个主要原因是愿意投资新企业的人太少。
  • A prime reason for our ________ is lack of people willing to put money into new businesses.
  • economic decline/recession
slide41
2. of the very best quality or kind
  • 一块新鲜的最上等牛肉
  • a fresh piece of prime beef
  • 一个最好的例证
  • a prime example
  • 黄金时间
  • prime time
board l25
board (L25)
  • board n. meals
  • I pay 30 pounds a week for board and lodging./ or bed and board
foot the bill l25
foot the bill (L25)
  • infml. Pay the bill
  • 这次婚礼的钱是他父母出的。
  • His parents footed the bill for the wedding.
parallel l31
parallel (L31)
  • n. a likeness
  • 警察看出了这两个谋杀案之间的相似之处。
  • The police officer saw a parallel between the two murder cases.
  • 2. 平行的, similar
  • 我在这件事上的感受和你很相似。
  • My feelings in this matter are parallel to yours.
slide45
v. be similar to
  • 小溪沿着路流淌了几英里。
  • The stream parallels the road for several miles.
  • The histories of the two countries closely parallel each other.
pledge l34
pledge (L34)
  • n [C] [+to-v/+that] (esp. in newspapers) a solemn promise or agreement 誓言;誓约
  • They made a firm pledge to support us.
  • The government has given a pledge that it will halt the bombing.
slide47
vt. [+to-v/+that] (esp. in newspapers) to make a solemn promise of 保证
  • They have pledged their support for our case.
  • The government pledged to re-house the refugees.
  • They have pledged that any details given to them will remain confidential
outcome l36
outcome (L36)
  • outcome强调某一行动或过程特有的最终结果
  • result强调事物间的因果关系
  • His illness is a result of bad food.
  • effect 比 result更强调事物间的因果关系
  • The farmers felt the effect of the drought for years.
slide49
consequence往往指坏的、不良的结果
  • If you break the laws, you must take the consequence.
mushroom l39
mushroom (L39)
  • vi. 1 to grow and develop fast 迅速生长, 迅速增加
  • New housing estates have mushroomed on the edge of the town.
  • 2 [+adv/prep] to form and spread in the shape of a mushroom 呈蘑菇状扩散
  • The smoke mushroomed into the sky.
cripple l43
cripple (L43)
  • 削弱; 使失去战斗力, 损坏
  • be financially crippled
  • 财政拮据
  • The ship was crippled in the storm.
  • 那船在暴风雨中受到严重损坏。
gear l44
gear (L44)
  • gear case
  • 齿轮箱
  • a car with five gears
  • 一辆有五档的汽车
  • hunting gear
  • 打猎用具
slide53
the steering gear of a ship
  • 船只的操作机
  • the landing gear of an aircraft
  • 飞机的起落架
  • party gear
  • 宴[舞]会的衣服
sport l45
sport (L45)
  • v. wear sth., esp. to show it to others; show publicly
  • 车的前部挂着一面国旗。
  • The front of the car sported a flag.
  • 她今天招摇地穿着一件皮大衣。
  • She came in today sporting a fur coat.
hold water l49
hold water (L49)
  • (usu. in questions or negatives) to be or seem true, reasonable, or believable (容器)不漏水;(理论、计划等)证明正确合理, ,说得通,
  • His explanation of where he got the money from just doesn't hold water.
slide56
in deep water(s)
  • 陷入困境 (= into deep water(s))
  • in hot water
  • 遇到麻烦;处于困境 (= into hot water)
  • like water
  • 大量地;无节制地
  • 把酒像水一样地大量喝下去。
  • The wine flowed like water
slide57
make water
  • 小便 (= pass water)
  • Your story just doesn't hold water.
  • 你说的不合情理。
  • throw cold water
  • 泼冷水
slide58
water on the brain
  • 脑部水肿
  • water on the knee
  • 膝部水肿
in favor of l55
in favor of (L55)
  • 1) approving of; on the side of or in support of 赞同
  • Are you in favour of workers' control of companies?
  • 2) choosing instead; because of a preference for
  • He turned down a university appointment in favour of a political career.
slide60
3) in someone's/something's favour: to sb's/sth's advantage有利于
  • The system tends to operate in favour of the wealthier classes.
  • The plan has this in its favour, that it won't cost much.
silicon valley l58
Silicon Valley (L58)
  • the White House
  • →the U.S. President / administration 白宫
  • the Pentagon
  • → the U.S. military establishment 五角大楼
slide62
Capitol Hill
  • → the Legislative Branch of the U.S. 国会山
  • Downing Street
  • → the British government / cabinet 唐宁街
  • Hollywood
  • → American film-making industry 好莱坞
slide63
Wall Street
  • → U.S. financial circles 华尔街(指美国金融界)
  • Madison Avenue
  • → American advertising industry (纽约市)麦迪逊大街
  • Fleet Street
  • → the British Press (伦敦)舰队街
slide64
Scotland Yard
  • →the British police 苏格兰场
  • John Bull
  • → England; the English people 英国人
  • Uncle Sam
  • → the US, esp. the US government 美国政府;美国人
disintegrate l59
disintegrate (L59)
  • v. to break up into small pieces 分裂成小块;使瓦解
  • The box was so old it just disintegrated when I picked it up.
  • The project disintegrated owing to lack of financial backing.
cyber l62
cyber—(L62)
  • cyber- a Greek word, means “pilot”
  • cyberspace n. 网络空间
  • cyberspeak n. 网络语言
  • cyber relationship 网络关系
  • cyberculture 网络文化
  • cyberize v. 使网络化