SYNTAX. The study of the rules governing the way words are combined to form SENTENCES If we take any sentence of English, it is clear that the words are arranged in a specific order. To change the word order is to alter the meaning. WORD ORDER.
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The term ‘word order’ is used to refer to the order of elements in a sentence.
Someboby stole my car.
auxiliary verb+subject+main verb+ other information
Did you speak to him?
to express unreal or impossible condition in the past
When we consider a sentence, the smallest elements are represented by a word. There are two types of words:
- lexical words such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs.
clause level and phrase level
Nounphrases can containone or more words.
many additional featuresPreposition phrases are groups of words that begin with a preposition and contain a noun phrase.
A nice long summer holiday
An interesting old film
A big yellow truck
A long narrow street
I bought a wonderful big new red house.
Matching them up
KEY: a) 6, b) 1, c) 4, d) 2, e) 5, f) 3
A) adverbs of manner usually come after the verb
B) sentence adverbs are often the first word in the sentence
C) adverbs of place and adverb phrases usually come after the verb
D) Adverbs of frequency usually come before the main verb
KEY: A4, B1, C3, D2
THE MOST USUAL ORDER IS:
MANNER , PLACE and TIME
(descriptors before classifiers)
(colour adjectives follow the other adjectives)
We visited their charming house
Find and correct the mistakes
KEY: 1. Eatfiveportionseveryday. 2. TV comictakesfamousmodel on holiday, 3. Rock legendinvites 500 gueststohiswedding, 4. City councilbuils up a newleasurecentreopposite the school, 5. Boy, 8, finds a tarantula in the garden.
KEY: D, D