Syntax. The Structure of Sentences Asian 401. Syntactic Categories. = Word Classes = Parts of Speech All languages have syntactic categories. The syntactic category of a word determines the role it can play in a sentence. Only a noun can complete the sentence “ Give a __________ to me .”.
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The Structure of Sentences
Bill and Johnate all the cookiesyesterdayat the park.
Bill and Johnate all the cookies at the parkyesterday.
*Bill and Johnate all the cookiesat the yesterdaypark.
Specifier Head (X) Complement(s)
NP (Subject) VP (Predicate)
The boyswam in the stream
Det N PPV PP
The boy from Ohioswam in the stream
NV (head)NP (comp)
NP (comp)V (head)
N (head) PP (complement)
boy from Tacoma
complement N (head)
Tacoma lái denánhár