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Common Song Birds of PA

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  1. Common SongBirds of PA

  2. Red-Winged Blackbird • Color Details/Size: • Smaller than a robin • Black feathers with bright red shoulders • 7-9 ½ inches Song Details: o-ka-leee Behaviors: -Gregarious (social) - Travels and roosts in large flocks • Location: • Marshes • Brushy swamps • Hayfields • Feeders • Along edges of water Other Information: -Females and young are commonly mistaken for sparrows

  3. Red-Winged Blackbird

  4. Blue Jay Song Details: Jay-jay-jay Angry calls / soft family call • Color Details/Size: • White/gray underside • shades of blue, black, and white above • Larger than a songbird, smaller than a crow Behaviors: -Mimics hawks to intimidate others - Variety of loud calls during perching • Other Information: • Loves peanuts and acorns • Highly intelligent with complex social skills • Angry birds show crest up • Location: • Forest edges • Forages on the ground

  5. Blue Jay

  6. Northern Cardinal Song Details: - Small, repeated sounds - Chirp, chirp • Color Details/Size: • Size of a blue jay with same crest • Brilliant red males, paler females • Black face and orange bill Behaviors: -Usually stay in mated pairs • Other Information: • Frequently attacks windows because of territoriality • Location: • Feeders • Low shrubs

  7. Northern Cardinal Female Male

  8. Gray Catbird • Color Details/Size: • Smaller than a robin, long tail • Dark gray with black cap • Rusty undertail • 8-9 ¼ inches Song Details: - Irregular, musical song - Produces a cat-like meow Behaviors: Other Information: • Location: • Undergrowth • Brush • Suburban gardens

  9. Grey Catbird

  10. Black-Capped Chickadee • Color Details/Size: • Tiny bird with round body • Long narrow tail and short bill • Black “cap” and “bib” • White and soft gray Song Details: -high pitched fee-bee -chick a deedeedee Behaviors: -Grabs seeds and flies away quickly -Stores food and remembers over 1,000 hiding spots • Location: • Everywhere especially • Backyard feeders • -Hangs with other small birds Other Information: - In song, the more “dee’s”, the higher the threat/alarm

  11. Black-Capped Chickadee

  12. American Crow • Color Details/Size: • Stocky black bird • Stout bill • Glossed with purplish in strong sunlight • Song Details: • A loud caw-caw • Easily imitated Behaviors: - Often gregarious (social) • Location: • Woodlands • Farmland • Agricultural fields Other Information: -May form large night roosts

  13. American Crow

  14. Mourning Dove • Color Details/Size: • Graceful, slender body and pointed tail • Delicate brown to gray helps them blend in • Black on wings and tail • Song Details: • Soft, sad coo, coo • Very recognizable • Makes oise when takes off Behaviors: -Can coo without opening beak - Stuffs many seeds in crop in one sitting • Location: • Perched anywhere open, no deep woods • Park themselves anywhere with food and take over! Other Information: -Most commonly hunted bird in the country

  15. Mourning Dove

  16. House Finch • Color Details/Size: • Sparrow size, with bright red breast and forehead • Thick beak • Female lacks red • 5-6 inches Song Details: - Clear, ends in zeeeee - Bright song but loose and disjointed Behaviors: Other Information: - Dominant species at many eastern feeders - Bacterial infection of the eye has reduced numbers in some areas • Location: • Cities • Suburbs • Farms • Feeders

  17. House Finch Male Female

  18. Northern Flicker (Yellow-Shafted) Song Details: - Long repeated wicka-wicka-wicka - Even drummer • Color Details/Size: • Large, brownish woodpecker • Brown back / dark bars and spots • Red patch on back of head • 12 inches • White rump - -Behaviors: -Hops awkwardly on ground while feeding on ants • Location: • Open forests • Woodlots • Farms • Semi-open country Other Information: -Flight is undulating

  19. Northern Flicker

  20. American Goldfinch • Color Details/Size: • Smaller than a sparrow • Bright yellow/black wings / tail with white stripes • 4 ½ - 5 inches • Song Details: • Potato chips • Behaviors: • While flying, sings with each dip • Deep undulating flight • Location: • -Patches of thistles and weeds • Roadsides • Open woods • Feeders stocked with thistle seed Other Information: - Yellow warbler is a similar species

  21. American Goldfinch Female Male

  22. Common Grackle Color Details/Size: -Jay Sized -Long wedge shaped tail -All black with iridescent colors • Song Details: • Raspy, sounds like a rusty hinge Behaviors: - Flight more level than other blackbirds Location: -Croplands -Towns -Groves -Streamsides Other Information: - Bronzed and purple grackles are separate subspecies

  23. Common Grackle

  24. Northern Mockingbird • Color Details/Size: • Robin sized • Slender, long tail • Gray with white patches on wings • - 9-11 inches Song Details: - Long series of various imitations Behaviors: - Excellent mimic of other species • Location: • Towns • Farms • Roadsides • Thickets Other Information: - Often heard at night

  25. Northern Mockingbird

  26. White-Breasted Nuthatch • Color Details/Size: • Sparrow size • Blue/gray above, white below, black crown • 5-6 inches Song Details: - Nasal sounding yank,yank,yank Behaviors: - Climbs down trees headfirst • Location: • Forests • Woodlands • Shade trees • Feeders Other Information: - This is the most widespread species of nuthatch

  27. White-Breasted Nuthatch

  28. English House Sparrow • Color Details/Size: • Black throat • White cheeks • Chestnut nape • Gray crown • 5-6 inches Song Details: - Noisy chirping Behaviors: - Other Information: - Invasive species, introduced to North America • Location: • Cities • Farms • Human-disturbed areas

  29. English House Sparrow

  30. Song Sparrow • Color Details/Size: • Heavily streaked underparts (brown and white) • Long tail • Large white area on central breast • 5-7 inches • Song Details: • Variable series of notes • Usually starts with 3-4 clear, repetitive notes • Sweet,sweet,sweet Behaviors: - Other Information: - Large range from Alaska to Central Mexico Location: -Gardens -Brush -Marshes

  31. Song Sparrow

  32. White-Throated Sparrow • Color Details/Size: • -Upper parts streaked/under clear gray • White throat • White/black striped head • Yellow above eye • 6-7 inches Song Details: - 1 or 2 clear notes followed by 3 quavering notes of a different pitch Behaviors: - Prefers to hang out on the ground • Location: • Thickets and brush • Feeders • Undergrowth of conifers Other Information: - Known to hybridize with Dark eyed Junco

  33. White-Throated Sparrow

  34. European Starling • Color Details/Size: • Short-tailed • Chunky body • Iridescent black body • Yellow bill • Heavily speckled in winter • Song Details: • Irregular, squeaky, raspy voice • Imitates others • Behaviors: • Gregarious (social) • Garrulous (vocal) • Location: • -Cities • Parks • Farms • Fields • Open country Other Information: - Flies swiftly and directly, not undulating

  35. European Starling

  36. Tufted Titmouse Color Details/Size: -Small bird with pointed crest and medium beak - Soft gray above and white below with rusty, peach flanks Song Details: - Peter, peter, peter - Fast, repeating, clear whistle Behaviors: - Tend to be dominant over smaller birds in their group Location: -Everywhere! -Loves backyard feeders and forests • Other Information: • Use leftover holes from woodpecker • Likes to line nests with fur

  37. Tufted Titmouse

  38. Eastern Towhee • Color Details/Size: • Black upper parts • White underside • Rufous (rusty) sides • Song Details: • Drink your tea,ea,ea,ea • Last syllable higher and wavering Behaviors: - Rummages noisily among dead leaves Location: -Open woods -Undergrowth -Brushy edges Other Information: -Similar to the spotted towhee

  39. Eastern Towhee Female Male

  40. ONLY DURING THE SUMMER!

  41. Eastern Bluebird Color Details/Size: -Bright blue above -Rusty throat and breast -White belly - 7 inches • Song Details: • Very musical sound • Chur-wi or Tru-ly Behaviors: -Uses nesting boxes Location: -Open country with scattered trees -Farms -Roadsides Other Information: -Young bluebirds lack rusty red coloration

  42. Eastern Bluebird

  43. Baltimore Oriole • Color Details/Size: • Black head, back, wings, and tail • Orange breast, rump, and shoulder • 7-8 ½ inches • Song Details: • Rich, piping whistled notes • Flute-like whistles • Behaviors: • Young, begging song • Tee-dee-dee • Location: • Open woods • Shade trees Other Information: -Similar to bullock’s oriole

  44. Female Northern Oriole Male

  45. American Robin Color Details/Size: -Gray above -Brick red below -9-11 inches • Song Details: • Clear caroling • Short phrases rising and falling • Tyeep tut tuttut Location: -Cities -Towns -Farmland -Lawns -Shade trees -Forest Behaviors: -Feed on apple and berry trees in winter (stay south of Canada) Other Information: - One of our most familiar birds

  46. American Robin

  47. Chipping Sparrow Color Details/Size: -Small, upper parts brown -Sides of face, rump are gray -Crown is chestnut -Black line through eye and white line over it Song Details: - Chipping rattle on one pitch Behaviors: -Spends winters in Southern US to Mexico Other Information: Location: -Open woods -Conifers -Orchards -Farms -Towns

  48. Chipping Sparrow

  49. Wood Thrush • Color Details/Size: • Brown above • White below • Large blackish spots on breast • 8 inches • Song Details: • Series of melodious, flute-like phrases • Ee-o-lay Behaviors: Location: - Deciduous woodlands Other Information:

  50. Wood Thrush