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COS Standard 1. Explain the transition of the US from the agrarian society to the industrial nation prior to WWI. .

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cos standard 1

COS Standard 1

Explain the transition of the US from the agrarian society to the industrial nation prior to WWI.

chapter 13 section 1 and chapter 14 section 2

Describe the impact of Manifest Destiny on the economic and technological development of the post-Civil War West, including mining, the cattle industry and the transcontinental railroad.

Chapter 13 Section 1 and Chapter 14 Section 2

  • People in the east needed the resources from the west.
    • Gold
    • Silver
    • Copper
  • 2 ways to mine for resources
    • Placer—simple equipment , by hand (picks, shovels, pans)
    • Quartz—deep beneath surface with machines
mining continued
Mining continued
  • Because of the boom times in mining towns, several places developed.
    • Colorado
    • The Dakota territory
    • Montana
  • In boom times, crime was a serious problem. Vigilance committees formed to track down and punish wrongdoers.
ranching and cattle
Ranching and Cattle
  • People began ranching on the Great Plains.
  • Ranchers began breeding Texas Longhorns because they could withstand the harsh climate on the plains.
  • Ranching became popular because of the open range.
    • Graze herds for free
    • No boundaries
ranching and cattle continued
Ranching and Cattle continued
  • Ranchers started long drives to round up cattle to slaughter.
  • Long drives proved cattle can be moved to the rail lines and sold for a better price.
  • The Chisholm Trail was a major route for transporting cattle.
    • Texas to Kansas
ranching and cattle continued1
Ranching and Cattle continued
  • Long Drives ended for three reasons
    • Barbed wire
    • Oversupply
    • Harsh winter
  • The transcontinental railroad started in the 1850s.
  • Railroads expanded across the US rapidly.
  • Chinese immigrants built the railroads.
  • Railroads encouraged the growth of American industry.
    • Steel
    • Coal
    • Timber
railroads continued
Railroads continued
  • Over time, railroads became safer and more reliable because of time zones.
  • Land grants encouraged railroad construction.
railroads continued1
Railroads continued
  • Building railroads were profitable, but people corrupted the railroad system.
    • Robber barons
  • Example of scandal: Credit Mobilier: a construction company where investors signed contracts with themselves and overcharged the railroad. The railroad paid the inflated bill and in turn lay in ruin. Congress agrees to help by giving more grants to the railroad which were below market value. Several congress members are implicated and creates more scandal.