Youth Livestock Quality Assurance Union County 2013 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Youth Livestock Quality Assurance Union County 2013

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  1. Youth Livestock Quality Assurance Union County2013 Margaret A. Masterson, DVM, MS Diplomate, AM. Coll. Vet. Preventive Medicine OSU Large Animal Services Christy Leeds, Extension Educator OSU Extension, Union County

  2. Tonight’s Agenda Practice with our Clickers Discuss GPP’s # 1, 7, & 8 Complete QA Verification Form Turn in Clicker and Form Adjourn

  3. How Old Are You ? • 8-9 • 10-11 • 12-13 • 14-15 • 16-17 • 18

  4. What species is your project? • Poultry • Rabbits • Dairy • Swine • Goats • Sheep • Beef

  5. How many years have you shown this project? • First year • 2-3 • 4-5 • 6-7 • 8 or more

  6. GPP # 1: Identify and Track All Animals

  7. Which pig is mine?

  8. Identification Methods • Ideally identify the animal from birth to harvest • Several different forms of ID; each has advantages and disadvantages

  9. Identification Methods • Ear notching • Used commonly in swine • Permanent

  10. Identification Methods • Ear Tags • Most common form of ID • Least expensive • Youtube: Swine ear tag demo ►

  11. Identification Methods • Tattoo • Permanent • Not easy to read for daily management

  12. Identification Methods • Paint Brands • Temporary • Easy to read for management task

  13. Identification Methods • DNA- unique • Blood or Hair • Unique to each animal

  14. Identification Methods • Electronic ID (EID) • Eartag, implant or rumen bolus

  15. Identification Methods • Retinal Scanning Permanent, unique to each animal Expensive, not readily available

  16. Identification Methods • Nose Print • Like a finger print • Unique to each animal

  17. Identification Methods Neck Chain Leg Band Wing Band

  18. Which is a reason I must identify my animal(s)? • Know that it belongs to me • In case I have to give it medicine • Any show I go to will require it • In case I have to feed each animal differently

  19. National ID Program • Not required at this time • Producers encouraged to register for a premise ID with state department of agriculture • www.ohioanimalid.com • Other Resources: • www.usaip.info • http://animalid.aphis.usda.gov/nais

  20. Why is ID important? • Performance measures • ID Treated Animals • Track Ownership & movement • Track disease outbreaks • Assure consumer confidence in food products • All of the above

  21. GPP # 7Establish an Efficient & Effective Animal Health Management Plan GPP # 8Provide Proper Animal Handling & Care

  22. Treat Them RightDon’t Let Them Get Sick

  23. Work with a Veterinarian • Size of farm • Number of animals • Kinds and ages or animals • Weather conditions • Feed conditions

  24. Which of the following can spread disease? • Birds • Rodents • Animals touching other animals • Your animal sharing another’s water bucket • All of the above

  25. Biosecurity • Many diseases are spread animal animal • Saliva • Feces • Urine • Contact

  26. Biosecurity – open vs closed farm • Diseases can also spread by: • Air • Water • Birds • Wild animals

  27. Biosecurity – open vs closed farm • ANYONE who shows at a fair and takes animals home has an open herd

  28. What do you do to minimize taking disease home to the animals you did not bring to the fair? • Give them a bath before you bring them home • Give them a shot of antibiotics • Isolate them at home for 2 weeks • Be sure they look healthy when you bring them home

  29. Biosecurity Isolation When you first buy animals or when you bring them home from a show keep them isolated from your healthy animals for 2 weeks.

  30. Wash your hands

  31. Vaccinations • Important for exhibition animals • Lowers the risk of disease • Many vaccines take two doses • The animal is not protected until 2 weeks after the second dose

  32. Parasite Control • “Worms” , Coccidia, Lice, & Mange • Parasites can result in • Poor performance & Growth • Reduced meat value • Makes animal weaker so it may catch other diseases.

  33. Parasite Control • One product will not work for all of these • How often depends on many factors • Number of animals in the space • Age of the animals • How often you bring in new aniamls • The weather conditions

  34. If you see “worms” in your animal’s poop 3 days before the fair you should give it dewormer before you bring it to the fair. • True • False

  35. Deworming • Check your animal in May and June • Watch out for poor doers – weigh them • Deworming 1 week before fair • will not help it grow! • Most dewormers have a • withdrawal time

  36. What are the basic needs of all animals? • Food, Love and Warmth • Food, Water and Shelter • Water, Shelter and Sunshine • Food, Sunshine and Bathing

  37. Basic Needs of All Animals • Water • Feed • Nutrition • Shelter • environment

  38. What is the most important nutrient? • Protein • Calcium • Energy • Water

  39. What is the most important nutrient? Water

  40. Water 100 Poultry 1 gallon / week age Rabbits 1 – 2 cups/day Market Lambs & Goats 2 gallon/day Market Hogs 4 gallon/day Dairy Feeder 15 gallon/day Steer 22 gallon/day Dairy Cow 50 gallon/day

  41. Ohio Livestock Care Standards http://www.agri.ohio.gov/LivestockCareStandards/

  42. FeedNutrition • Be sure that diet is balanced for energy and protein • Vitamins & minerals Show animals often do not have enough Fiber Make sure there is plenty of bunk space Avoid restricting feed

  43. HousingEnvironment • Space • Not too tight or crowded

  44. HousingEnvironment • Climate • Not drafty, humid or too much ammonia

  45. Animals get sick more often when it is: • Cold & Dry • Hot & Humid

  46. Heat Stress

  47. HousingEnvironment • Bedding • Not wet, dirty or muddy