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The British in India

The British in India. The British East India Company: 1600 - 1857. Egypt becomes a British protectorate in 1882 British use the Suez Canal to access their colony in India. Egypt & the Suez Canal. India: 18c-early 19c. British East India Company Agents. India in mid-18c. Make money

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The British in India

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  1. The British in India

  2. The British East India Company: 1600 - 1857

  3. Egypt becomes a British protectorate in 1882 British use the Suez Canal to access their colony in India Egypt & the Suez Canal

  4. India: 18c-early 19c

  5. British East India Company Agents

  6. India in mid-18c

  7. Make money Introduce Western education & law Convert Indians to Christianity End slavery and the caste system Motivations For British Imperialism

  8. Indian Caste System

  9. British Opium Warehouse in Patna, India Selling Patna Opium in China

  10. Sir Raghubir Singh, Maharaja of Bundi

  11. The Maharaja of Pannah

  12. Procession of the Rajahs,New Delhi, 1902

  13. British Soldiers in India, 1830s

  14. Sepoys (Indian Soldiers), 1850s

  15. Sepoys served in India and overseas British are insensitive to Hindu customs High-caste Hindus & overseas travel Remarriage

  16. Sepoys were issued new rifles Bite off tip of cartridges before loading gun Cartridges were greased with Animal fat Cow--Hindus Pig--Muslims 1957

  17. When troops refused to load rifles they were imprisoned Rose up against British officers British eventually crush the rebellion

  18. The Sepoy Mutiny: 1857

  19. Areas of the Sepoy Mutiny, 1857

  20. Execution of Sepoys

  21. The Raj: "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire 1858

  22. Viceroy governed in the name of the queen British held top positions---Indians filled most other jobs The Viceroy

  23. 1877: Queen Victoria Becomes “Empress of India”

  24. Queen Victoria in India

  25. Queen Victoria: Receiving the Crown of India

  26. British Colonial Life During the Raj

  27. Darjeeling Railroad, 1880s

  28. British built roads, railroads Transport goods to world markets Cotton to factories in England British ruin India’s hand-weaving industry Environmental degradation

  29. Outlawing Suttee (sati)

  30. Bengal Medical Service, 1860

  31. Better healthcare leads to Increased food production Rapid population growth

  32. Growing population causes famine

  33. A LifeofLeisure!

  34. Br. Viceroy’s Daughter: Simla, 1863

  35. Lady Curzon, 1904

  36. Living Like a Maharajah

  37. Brings a degree of peace and order Legal system promotes justice for Indians regardless of caste Railroads Postal system Some Benefits

  38. Upper class Indians adopt British culture and language

  39. The Rise of Indian Nationalism

  40. The Indian National Congress • 1885  The Indian National Congress was founded in Bombay. • swaraj  “independence.”* the goal of the movement.

  41. Bal Gangadhar Tilak 1856 - 1920

  42. Jawaharlal nehru 1889 - 1964

  43. the Muslim League 1906 • Resent Hindu domination of the NC • Afraid of persecution by Hindus • Call for separate Muslim State

  44. Mohammed Ali Jinnah 1876 - 1948

  45. Young Mohandas K. Gandhi, 1876 1869 - 1948

  46. Gandhi with the londonvegetarian society, 1890

  47. Gandhi as a Young Barrister in Natal

  48. Gandhi as a Lawyer in Johannesburg, So. Africa

  49. Gandhi and His Wife, Kasturba, 1915

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