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Scansion. The Rules of Poetic Structure. A look at structure…. Whose woods these are I think I know His house is in the village though He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. Metric Patterns - Meter. u / u / u / u /

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scansion

Scansion

The Rules of Poetic Structure

slide2

A look at structure…

Whose woods these are I think I know

His house is in the village though

He will not see me stopping here

To watch his woods fill up with snow

slide3

Metric Patterns - Meter

u / u / u / u /

Whose woods│these are │I think │I know

u / u / u / u /

His house │is in │the vil │lage though

u / u / u / u /

He will │not see │me stop │ping here

u / u / u / u /

To watch │his woods │fill up │with snow

slide4

Iambic and Trochaic

  • Both have two syllables per foot
  • Iambic
    • u / (away)
    • The fall /ing out / of faith / ful friends
  • Trochaic
    • / u (coming)
    • Double / double /toil and / trouble
slide5

Iambic and Trochaic Practice

Identify each as iambic or trochaic

  • Sunday 8. birthday
  • correct 9. simple
  • believe 10. because
  • dispute 11. sister
  • convey 12. laughter
  • gather 13. music
  • relief 14. attack

15. Create two examples of Iamb.

16. Create two examples of Trochee.

slide6

Anapestic and Dactylic

  • Both have three syllables per foot
  • Anapestic
    • u u / (cannonade)
    • I am mon / arch of all / I survey
  • Dactylic
    • / u u (victory)
    • Take her up / tenderly
slide7

Anapestic and Dactylic Practice

Identify each as anapestic or dactylic

  • fugitive 8. rhapsody
  • beautiful 9. lemonade
  • contradict 10. syllable
  • alkaline 11. arrogant
  • satisfy 12. indigo
  • understand 13. masquerade
  • disappear 14. interject

15. Create two examples of Anapest.

16. Create two examples of Dactyl.

slide8

Spondee and Pyrrhic

  • Rarely used
  • Spondee
    • / /
  • Pyrrhic
    • u u

u u / / u u / /

And the white breast of the dim sea

slide9

Metrical Feet

1 2 3 4

Whose woods│these are │I think│I know

His house│is in │thevil │lage though

He will│not see │mestop │ping here

To watch│his woods │fill up│with snow

slide10

Metrical Feet

  • One Foot = Monometer
  • Two Feet = Dimeter
  • Three Feet = Trimeter
  • Four Feet = Tetrameter
  • Five Feet = Pentameter
  • Six Feet = Hexameter
  • Seven Feet = Heptameter
  • Eight Feet = Octameter
slide11

Metrical Feet

  • Once upon a midnight dreary
  • Leaf again, life again
  • Because I could not stop for Death, he kindly stopped for me
  • How do I love thee? Let me count the ways
  • I am called to the front of the room
slide12

Metrical Feet

  • Once upon a midnightdreary
    • trochaic tetrameter
  • Leaf again, life again
    • dactylic dimeter
  • Because I could not stop for Death, he kindly stopped for me
    • iambic heptameter
slide13

Metrical Feet

  • How do I love thee? Let me count the ways
    • iambic pentameter
  • I am called to the front of the room
    • anapestic trimeter
slide14

Other Metrical Terms

  • Amphibrach
    • A foot with unstressed, stressed, unstressed syllables ( U / U ) e.g. Chicago
  • Anàcrusis
    • An extra unaccented syllable at the beginning of a line before its regular meter begins
    • Mine / by the right / of the white / election
  • Amphimacer
    • A foot with stressed, unstressed, stressed syllables ( / U / ) e.g. attitude
slide15

Other Metrical Terms

  • Catalexis
    • An extra, usually unaccented syllable at the ending of a line after its regular meter ends
    • I’ll tell / you how / the sun / rose
  • Caesura
    • A pause in the meter or rhythm of a line
    • Flood-tide below me! || I see you face to face!
  • Enjambement
    • A run-on line, continuing into the next without a grammatical break
    • Green rustlings, more-than-regal charities Drift coolly from that tower of whispered light