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Flight and Flow Information for a Collaborative Environment (FF-ICE). ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13 July 20-24, 2009. A presentation of the DRAFT FF-ICE Concept for ICAO panel secretaries. Overview. Motivation ICE Major Changes Information elements Document Organization Need for ICAO panel feedback.

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flight and flow information for a collaborative environment ff ice

Flight and Flow Information for a Collaborative Environment (FF-ICE)

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

July 20-24, 2009

A presentation of the DRAFT FF-ICE Concept for ICAO panel secretaries

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

overview
Overview
  • Motivation
  • ICE
  • Major Changes
  • Information elements
  • Document Organization
  • Need for ICAO panel feedback

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

motivation
Motivation
  • Global ATM Operational Concept led to:
    • Requirements in ICAO Doc 9882
    • Performance-based approach in ICAO Doc 9883
  • Envision a future with:
    • More collaborative decision making
    • Increased management by trajectory
    • Improved performance management
  • ICAO flight planning provisions are inadequate
    • ‘Patch’ through PANS-ATM (2012) changes
  • FF-ICE concept describes the dynamic information-enhanced environment in support of the Concept

Needs

FF-ICE Concept

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

document organization
Document Organization
  • Drivers for change
  • The FF-ICE Concept
    • Overall collaborative environment
    • FF-ICE delivers concept components
    • Flight operation example (more in Appendix C)
  • Technical Environment
    • Information elements & hierarchy (more in Appendices)
    • Information management (SWIM) & formats
  • Transition
    • Heterogeneous transition assumed
    • Long transition with support through versioning
    • Considerations provided, example transition steps in Appendix B
  • Appendices provide detailed examples

Focus on Operations

Engineering Focus

  • Introduction
  • Drivers of Change
  • The FF-ICE Concept
  • Technical Environment
  • Transition

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

information for a collaborative environment ice
Information for a Collaborative Environment (ICE)

AOP

AU

ASP

AP

ESP

  • Dynamic Information-rich environment
  • Interacting information domains require standardization and compatibility on:
    • Information
    • Communication mechanisms
  • Participants
    • Wider information access
    • Access controlled
  • PBA requires flexibility
  • FF-ICE Concept focuses on:
    • Flight and Flow Data

Aeronautical Information

Flight & Flow Information

Infrastructure Status

Surveillance Information

Meteorological Information

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

example flight
Example Flight

1 year

  • >3 months pre-departure:
    • Schedule provided
    • Obtains permissions
  • Before day of operation
    • Obtains shared constraints
    • Provides initial trajectory for CM, DCB
  • Pre-departure
    • Obtains weather, winds, constraints
    • Provides desired 4DT & SAR info
    • Provides preferences, performance
    • Agreed 4DT reached meeting DCB / TS objectives
    • Incorporate taxi path
  • In flight
    • Updates 4DT, information supporting separation
    • Arrival aerodrome taxi-in 4DT update
  • Post-flight
    • Archiving for performance

Depart

Arrive

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

major changes
Major Changes

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

advanced notification
Advanced Notification

<72 hours

FPL

  • Flight information provided earlier
    • Up to one year pre-departure
  • Information supplied progressively
    • Updated as certainty improves
    • Continues into flight
    • QoS on information
  • Shared among multiple participants
    • Information flows both directions
  • More information than today
  • Supports Capacity Management
  • Supports Demand / Capacity Balancing
  • Earlier/more collaboration

CHG

Flight Planning

transforms

Flight Information Sharing

1 year

ASP

AOP

AU

FF-ICE

Depart

ASP

ESP

Arrive

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

single global reference
Single Global Reference
  • Globally Unique Flight Identifier (GUFI)
    • Upon first notice of intent, a unique flight identifier is created
    • Single global reference key for flight information
  • Enables consistent reference to flight information across ANSP
  • Supports global interoperability

FF-ICE :

Single , global flight ID

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

data format
Data Format
  • XML - balances standardization & flexibility
  • Global standards
    • Information items & format defined in XSD published & maintained by ICAO
    • PBA determines items in use locally & regionally
  • Regional Extensions
    • Performance needs may require extensions
    • New items published in regional XSD
  • Unambiguous information items
  • Supports automation
  • Automated format validation
  • Flexible - accommodates extensions
  • Version control w/ backward compatibility

Standard

Flexible

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

data distribution
Data Distribution
  • Anticipate shift from point-to-point to system-wide information distribution
  • Caveat: Interoperable but heterogeneous environment
    • Not all regions implement SWIM
    • Technical implementations may vary
  • Facilitates collaboration
  • Improves information consistency
  • Supports system evolution
  • Accommodates multiple points of entry

Information must be shared on a system-wide basis

Pertinent information will be available when and where it is required

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

security
Security
  • Mechanisms provided for information security
    • Aviation security
    • Commercial sensitivities
  • Support for application-to- application information security

 Enables information exchange for increased collaboration

Identification

Authentication

Authorization

Integrity

Confidentiality

Availability

Accountability

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

flight deck interaction
Flight Deck Interaction
  • Envisage exchange of flight information with flight deck
  • Examples:
    • In-flight trajectory negotiation
    • Additional information for improved separation provision
  • Flight deck information exchange must remain limited and controlled

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

information elements
Information Elements

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

information elements15
Information Elements

FF-ICE

  • Every FPL item is accounted for
  • Additional information elements support:
    • Collaborative Decision Making
    • Performance-based operations
    • Management by trajectory
  • Information presented hierarchically

FPL

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

trajectory
Trajectory
  • 4D-Trajectory gate-to-gate
  • Multiple trajectory types:
  • Consists of: departure, airborne and arrival segments
  • Trajectory-based items:
  • Agreed
  • Desired
  • Ranked
  • Executed
  • Negotiating
  • Performance
  • Flight rules
  • Alternates
  • Aircraft intent
  • Constraints
  • Tolerances

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

agreed 4d trajectory
Agreed 4D Trajectory
  • Information exchange between participants to reach agreed trajectory
    • Tolerances bound agreement
    • Agreement may be re-negotiated
  • Information supports improved separation management
  • Executed trajectory
    • For performance reporting

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

expressing preferences
Expressing Preferences
  • Desired trajectory
    • User may request a specific trajectory
    • Dynamic – can update as situation warrants
    • ICE provides constraint information to users
  • Ranked trajectories
    • Some ANSP may implement
    • Allows selection from ranked alternatives
    • Conditions on switching (e.g. up to a 10 minute delay for 1st choice)
  • Additional preferences:
    • Flight priority – Between flights
    • Operating practices – What practices are acceptable to the flight?
    • Movement preferences - What are user-preferred controls for traffic management? (e.g. up to 4000’ vertical, 20 NMI lateral to the South)

 System delivers trajectory best meeting user intentions

What does airspace user wish to do?

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

performance items
Performance Items

Operations affect:

  • Broader set:
  • Trajectory-based
    • Performance varies along trajectory
    • Infrastructure dependence

Service delivery depends on actual performance, not average for class

  • Communications
  • Navigation
  • Surveillance
  • Wake-turbulence
  • Safety-net
  • Noise
  • Emissions
  • Runway Requirement

Wake Vortex

Low noise/emissions

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

formation flights
Formation Flights
  • More flexible description of formation flights:
    • Formation bounds
    • Join / split points
    • Leadership change
    • 4D trajectory information

More flexible formation flights supported

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

feedback request
Feedback Request

?

  • Are panels aware of current work:
    • Affected by the FF-ICE concept?
    • Relevant to the concept, but not mentioned?
  • Is the FF-ICE concept consistent with the work?
  • Can it be made consistent?
  • Comments on clarity or consistency of FF-ICE concept document
  • Concepts or capabilities supported?
  • Can transition occur?
  • Flight-deck interaction
  • Trajectory-based performance
  • Exchange mechanisms consistent with ground-ground communication evolution?

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

backup
Backup

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13

support for pba
Support for PBA

Data

  • Long-term performance mgmt
    • Historical data
    • Flexibility
  • Pre-tactical performance mgmt
    • Extended flight information timeline
    • Support for collaborative activities
  • Tactical performance optimization
    • Constraints, preferences, trajectories support
  • Performance monitoring
    • Supports end-to-end performance monitoring
    • Real-time to post-event performance evaluation

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Longer timeline

Flexibility

ATMRPP-WG/WHL/13