Improving Air Quality in the Metro. Washington Region. Phil Mendelson, Chair Metropolitan Washington Air Quality Committee October 19, 2006. Overview. Background: Clean Air Act, MWAQC Is the Air Getting Cleaner? New Challenges and New Plan. Clean Air Act Amendments 1990.
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Improving Air Quality in the Metro. Washington Region Phil Mendelson, Chair Metropolitan Washington Air Quality Committee October 19, 2006
Overview • Background: Clean Air Act, MWAQC • Is the Air Getting Cleaner? • New Challenges and New Plan
Clean Air Act Amendments 1990 EPA set federal health standards for ambientpollutants CO SO2 NOx Ozone ParticulateMatter Lead
MWAQC Created, 1992 The Metropolitan Washington Air Quality Committee conducts air quality planning for the Washington nonattainment region.
Virginia Maryland Local Governments [Counties and Cities] MWAQC DC Members of MWAQC
Air Quality Planning MWAQC approves air quality plan (SIP) for MD, VA, DC MWAQC revises SIP as necessary EPA approves SIP Jurisdictions submit SIP to EPA
Washington Region’s Progress on Meeting National Air Quality Criteria
Area of Monitors Exceeding Standard Washington, DC-MD-VA (1990 – 2005)
Why is Air Getting Cleaner? • Reduced pollution coming from midwest • Stronger controls on power plants • Cleaner cars, trucks • Cleaner, low-sulfur fuel • Many other control measures in region’s 2004 air quality plan
Regional Growth, 2002-2009 • Household population growing 12% • Vehicle Miles Traveled growing 9% • Ozone Values needs to drop 13%
Air Quality Plan (“SIP”) • A plan containing an emissions goal to improve air quality by a deadline (2009) established by the Clean Air Act • The plan contains federal, state, and local measures to reduce air pollution
4 Sources of Air Pollution + + + Point Source Mobile Source Area Source Non-road source
Ozone Transport Commission (OTC) Measures MOU signed at June 2006 OTC Meeting • Consumer Products Phase II • Portable Fuel Containers Phase II • Adhesives and Sealants • Diesel Chip Reflash
Local Controls (voluntary) • Wind power purchase • Diesel Retrofits (buses, trucks, equipment) • LED Traffic Signal Retrofits • Alternative Fuel Vehicle Purchases • Low VOC Paint
Opportunities for Public Comment • July 26: MWAQC Meeting • MWAQC adopted regional measures and proposes local voluntary measures (“bundle”) as AQ plan’s “CONTROL STRATEGY” • October 19: Air Quality Town Meeting • Early public input to air quality plan/ process • January 2007: MWAQC Meeting • MWAQC adopts DRAFT SIP for PUBLIC HEARING • February – March: States hold Public Hearings on Plan • March, 28, 2007 MWAQC approves SIP • April/May 2007: States send SIP to EPA