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Improving Outdoor Air Quality Around Schools. Christine Slocum, MPH student Walden University PUBH 6165 Instructor: Robert Marino Fall 2010. Learning Outcomes. Define components of outdoor air pollution near schools Explain the impact of poor air quality

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improving outdoor air quality around schools

Improving Outdoor Air Quality Around Schools

Christine Slocum, MPH student

Walden University

PUBH 6165

Instructor: Robert Marino

Fall 2010

learning outcomes
Learning Outcomes
  • Define components of outdoor air pollution near schools
  • Explain the impact of poor air quality
  • Compare the current programs available
  • Explain what else can be done to improve the air quality around our schools
components of air pollution
Components of Air Pollution
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Lead
  • Nitrogen Oxide
  • Ozone
  • Particulate Matter

Components of Air Pollution. Retrieved October 15, 2010, from http:/​/​airqualityeffects.uckac/​old_kids_pages_Feb_3_2004/​components_of_air_pollution.htm

sources of air pollution
Sources of Air Pollution
  • Motor vehicles
    • Responsible for half of all

emissions released

    • Can be fueled by gasoline,

diesel, or alternative fuels

(2010, January 29). Sources of Pollutants in the Ambient Air- Mobile Sources. Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​apti/​course422/​ap3a.html

why should we be concerned
Why Should We Be Concerned?
  • School buses drive more than 4 billion miles each year
  • 24 million American children ride school buses daily
  • On average these children spend an hour and a half each day on the school bus

(2008, March 11). Clean School Bus USA. Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanschoolbus/​index.htm

why should we be concerned1
Why Should We Be Concerned?
  • Diesel exhaust
    • Can cause lung damage and respiratory problems
    • Exacerbate asthma and existing allergies
    • Especially harmful to children because they breathe 50% more air per pound of body weight
    • Long term exposure can increase the risk of lung cancer

(2008, March 11). Clean School Bus USA. Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanschoolbus/​index.htm

health effects of poor air quality
Health Effects of Poor Air Quality
  • Irritation to eyes, nose, and throat
  • Lightheadedness
  • Heartburn
  • Headache
  • Weakness, numbness and tingling of extremities
  • Chest tightness
  • Wheezing
  • Vomiting

Occupational Safety, & Health Bureau Montana Department of Labor & Industry. Diesel Exhaust Health Hazards. Retrieved October 15, 2010, from erd.dli.mt.gov/​safetyhealth/​brochures/​dieselexhaust.pdf

existing programs
Existing Programs
  • Clean School Bus USA
  • The Clean Air Clean Air Schools Program
clean school bus usa
Clean School Bus USA
  • 3 Ways to reduce public school bus emissions
    • Anti-idling strategies
    • Engine retrofit and clean fuels
    • Bus replacement
    • (2008, March 11). Clean School Bus USA. Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanscoolbus/​index.htm
clean school bus usa anti idling strategies
Clean School Bus USAAnti-idling Strategies
  • Turn off engine as soon as possible after arriving at loading or unloading areas
  • Bus should not be restarted until it is ready to depart
  • Limit early morning warm up to less than 5 minutes
    • (2008, March 11). Clean School Bus USA. Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanscoolbus/​index.htm
clean school bus usa retrofit and clean fuel strategies
Clean School Bus USARetrofit and CleanFuel Strategies
  • Pollution Control Devices
    • Diesel Oxidation Catalysts- uses chemical process to break down exhaust pollutants into less harmful components
    • Diesel Particulate Matter Filters-ceramic devices that collect particulate matter
    • (2007, November 21). Clean School Bus USA Retrofit. Retrieved October 24, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanschoolbus/​retrofit.htm#cleaner
clean school bus usa retrofit and clean fuel strategies1
Clean School Bus USARetrofit and CleanFuel Strategies
  • Cleaner Fuels
    • Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD)- improves performance of particulate matter filter
    • Biodiesel- reduces particulate matter, carbon monoxide
    • Emulsified Diesel- reduces particulate matter and smog-causing Nitrogen oxide (NOx)
    • (2007, November 21). Clean School Bus USA Retrofit. Retrieved October 24, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanschoolbus/​retrofit.htm#cleaner
clean school bus usa bus replacement
Clean School Bus USABus Replacement
  • Older buses are not equipped with today’s pollution control or safety features
  • There are over 75,000 pre 1990 buses still on the road that carry 3 million children to school

(2010, June 23). Clean School Bus USA Replacing Old School Buses. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanschoolbus/​replacement.htm

the clean air clean schools program
The Clean Air Clean Schools Program
  • 3 components of program
    • No idling program
    • Ride the bus! For clean air
    • Pool to school

Make Your Child's School a Clean Air School. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from http:/​/​www.cleanaircampaign.org/​Take_Action/​Make-Your-Child-s-School-a-Clean-Air-School

the clean air clean schools program1
The Clean Air Clean Schools Program
  • No Idling Program
    • Encourages bus drivers and parent drivers to turn off engines when dropping off or waiting for students
    • Make Your Child's School a Clean Air School. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from http:/​/​www.cleanaircampaign.org/​Take_Action/​Make-Your-Child-s-School-a-Clean-Air-School
the clean air clean schools program2
The Clean Air Clean Schools Program
  • Ride the bus! For clean air
    • Designed to get more student on buses and out of cars that contribute to traffic around school ground
  • Make Your Child's School a Clean Air School. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from http:/​/​www.cleanaircampaign.org/​Take_Action/​Make-Your-Child-s-School-a-Clean-Air-School
the clean air clean schools program3
The Clean Air Clean Schools Program
  • Pool to school
    • Promote car pooling to reduce traffic and reduce pollution
  • Make Your Child's School a Clean Air School. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from http:/​/​www.cleanaircampaign.org/​Take_Action/​Make-Your-Child-s-School-a-Clean-Air-School
what can we do in our school district
What Can We Do In Our School District?
  • Utilize the EPA, state, and local agencies to monitor outdoor air around schools for toxic air pollutants
  • Establish partnerships with school officials, bus drivers, parents, and students to improve the air quality around our schools
what can we do in our school district1
What Can We Do In Our School District?
  • Establish idle reduction policies
    • Minimize time children spend outside when buses are arriving/departing
    • If possible shorten commute times
    • Deploy cleanest buses on longest routes
    • Limit idling of delivery vehicles on school grounds
    • Provide space inside school where drivers can wait on cold days
  • Develop educational programs for students of all ages about air pollution
references
References
  • (2007, November 21). Clean School Bus USA Retrofit. Retrieved October 24, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanschoolbus/​retrofit.htm#cleaner
  • (2008, March 11). Clean School Bus USA. Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanschoolbus/​index.htm
  • (2010, January 29). Sources of Pollutants in the Ambient Air- Mobile Sources. Retrieved October 10, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​apti/​course422/​ap3a.html
  • (2010, June 23). Clean School Bus USA Replacing Old School Buses. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from http:/​/​www.epa.gov/​cleanschoolbus/​replacement.htm
  • Components of Air Pollution. Retrieved October 15, 2010, from http:/​/​airqualityeffects.uckac/​old_kids_pages_Feb_3_2004/​components_of_air_pollution.htm
  • Make Your Child's School a Clean Air School. Retrieved October 23, 2010, from http:/​/​www.cleanaircampaign.org/​Take_Action/​Make-Your-Child-s-School-a-Clean-Air-School
  • Occupational Safety, & Health Bureau Montana Department of Labor & Industry. Diesel Exhaust Health Hazards. Retrieved October 15, 2010, from erd.dli.mt.gov/​safetyhealth/​brochures/​dieselexhaust.pdf
sources for further information
Sources for Further Information
  • http://www.epa.gov/cleanschoolbus/index.htm
  • http://www.cleanaircampaign.org/Take-Action/Make-Your-Child-s-School-a-Clean-Air-School