An Overview of Islam. Prepared by: Soldiers…Names Withheld…. Agenda. The Roots of Islam The Prophet Muhammad Islam 101 The Five Pillars Jihad Islam After Muhammad The Sunnis The Shiites Sufis Fringe Groups and Radicals. Roots of Islam.
Prepared by: Soldiers…Names Withheld….
Ibn Tamiyya was a medieval Islamic theologian born in1262. He was willing to criticize fellow Muslims and went so far as to declare permissible war against Muslim rulers that did not uphold Sharia (Holy/Islamic Law). He also asserted Takfir (the declaration of an Islamic ruler as an infidel – for not upholding Sharia). Ibn Tamiyya lived in Cairo at the time the Mongols overran the Baghdad Caliphate. Ibn Tamiyya asserted Takfir against the Mongols, because even though the Mongols converted Islam, they incorporated aspects of Mongol law into the government – violating Sharia.
Ibn Tamiyya’s writings would be influential in later time to inspire radical groups to engage in violence against all people not adhering to the Sharia.