The Black Plague • Hit Europe in 1348 • 14th century • Carried by ships throughout Europe • Rats infested the goods on board • Fleas on the rats spread the plague to humans
Details • Plague occurs in 3 forms • Pneumonic Phase • Attacks the lungs • Causes coughing, sneezing, chest pain and blood in the lungs • Septicemic Phase • Rarest • Travels through the blood stream • Black spots appear beneath the skin • Causes choking on blood and excruciating death • Bubonic Phase • Most common • Swellings in the neck, armpits, groin • Headaches, Weakness, Nausea, Vomiting, Fever, and Delirium
Stopping the Plague • Face coverings • Leeching, Pomanders and other “cures” • Flagellants • Self-inflicted penance for sins • Anti-Semitism • Blamed Jews for God’s unhappiness • Attacks on Jewish communities Plague Witch
Results • Killed approximately 75-200 million people in Europe • Estimated that 45-50% of Europe’s population died during the 4 year period • This varied from country to country • 20% of England and Germany’s population • 75-80% Italy and Southern France and Spain’s population • 40% of Egypt’s population
Effects • Weakened the Church • Loss of Clergy • Loss of faith • Weakened Nobility • Loss of Manorial • Labor shortage • Led to call for wages • Serfs fleeing towns • Brings about the end of the Middle Ages
Connection to Today • Immunity to HIV virus • Recent studies have shown that Plague survivors may have immunity to the HIV AIDS virus • The Bubonic Plague takes over white blood cells and affects the lymph node system • HIV works similarly • Those that were able to survive Plague virus have a gene that makes them resistant to HIV as well
Mix, Freeze, Pair • Read “The Signs of Impending Death” • When instructed to Mix, begin to walk around the room • When told to Freeze, stop and look for someone to partner up with • After stopping, Pair up with someone and discuss the question asked over each section
The Signs of Impending Death • Why was the Bubonic Plague so deadly? • Why wasn’t it treatable? • Why did so many people die?
Varying Reactions to Disaster • What were some reactions to the plague? • How did people cope with the devestation?
The Breakdown of Social Order • What caused the breakdown? • With the loss of peasants what other problems would arise?
Mass Burials • What could be a problem with leaving the dead in the street? • How did the plague affect burials?
Reflection • Write a half page: • The Plague has hit your city, you can stay and help your friends or family or flee. What do you decide and why? • Write in complete sentences • Turn in before the end of class